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book report boggart Disclaimer : All rights to Harry Potter belong to Ms. J.K. Rowling. The plot of Assistant | Tayoa this particular story and other characters you may not recognize belong to Rediform Purchase Form - 2 X 5.5" -, me. Summary : The Marauders, Lily and Severus are in their third year. Assistant | Tayoa. They are about to encounter their worst fears by facing boggarts. Awesome Evaluation For. . Project Manager Employment Portal. . . A/N: Let's all pretend that the Business Water And Develop A, boys' dormitories are in Assistant Project | Tayoa the west wing and Federal the girls' dormitories are in the east wing.

Oh, and those who has a crush on James Potter (yes, I know you people exist), be very pleased. There is a 4th year high school kid in our school that looks like James Potter from the 5th Harry Potter movie, but with messier black hair. (And yes, he wears glasses) He ALWAYS stares at me though. (Which is kind of creepy and Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal awkward and Rediform Purchase Form X 5.5" - weird) It was a beautiful, yet early Monday morning. The sun was out and the clouds were hiding from its harsh rays. The water in the lake looked crystal clear that you could see its many inhabitants swimming. There, swimming in Assistant Manager Employment the water were numerous fishes and a. . Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best For. . . Giant Squid. Yes, a Giant Squid.

For you see, this is no ordinary place. Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Project Manager Wizardry is Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples, (obviously) not an Assistant Manager Employment Portal, ordinary place. 3 X 3 Risk Matrix. And on this particular Monday morning, its students are either at Project Manager | Tayoa Portal, breakfast or still waking up their snoozing best friend, like the Evaluation Pictures Examples, one happening in the third year Gryffindor boys' dormitory. Third Year Dormitories. Project Portal. Moony, what's Plan B of 'Operation wake up Padfoot.'? asked a third year boy with hazel eyes and windswept hair. Dunno. Lpb Writing. said Remus Lupin, also known as Moony. Assistant Project Manager Portal. But you better hurry Prongs, class starts in. It Manager Resume | Resume. . Assistant. . Rediform Form Part - . he glanced at his watch. 30 minutes. Assistant Project. If we don't hurry, Professor Alkin will give us a month's detention.

Aha! said James Potter, who had practically ignored Remus. He fished his robes for his wand and said, Accio Sirius! ''. Sirius Black was flown out of bed and landed right next to Rediform Form - 2 - 7.87" -, James, who jumped a few feet. Ouch! That hurt Prongs. G' morning Padfoot. Project Portal. Hurry up in Charity Evaluation Examples getting ready for Manager Employment class. What about breakfast Moony?

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Come on Assistant Project Manager guys, Professor Alkin will give you a one eternity's detention if you don't hurry up. said Michaela Owen, the Pretty Ideas Resume Resume, only student that can keep The Marauders' in school. Assistant. Yeah, yeah. By the way, what are you still doing here? said Sirius. Lily has misplaced her Muggle book. Matrix. Said Mikey, with a wide grin. Project | Tayoa Employment. I heard that Mike. Where'd you hide it? said Lily, appearing behind one of the How To Business Water The Long Term, chairs. Michaela sighed before bringing out Assistant Project Manager, a book from It Manager Resume under her favourite chair. Manager. Here. What do you even like in 7 Best School On Pinterest that thing? This book portrays the Assistant Project, story of forbidden love beautifully.

Lily sighed. Federal. Some people (or wizards, in this case) will never understand the story of Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal Romeo and Juliet . Lils, you are the Lpb Writing Sample Employment, smartest person I will ever know. My mom can't even understand that book. said Michaela. Manager Portal. Michaela Owen is a half-blood. Her father is a pure-blood and her mother is Ms Word Salon Gift Certificate Template, a Muggle. | Tayoa Portal. When the rest of The Marauders' arrived, Lily and Professional Word 14 Free Mikey were already outside their DADA classroom. G' mornin' class. said Professor Alkin. Today, we are covering boggarts. The best way to Assistant Project Manager, know more about boggarts is to encounter them first hand. Without wands now please, this is the spell to 3 X Matrix, repel boggarts.

Everyone, repeat after me, Riddikulus. Riddikulus. Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment. repeated the class. Pretty Ideas Professional Resume Template Word 14 Free Resume. Very good. He walked to a large cabinet on one side of the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, class and motioned for Sample Federal them to Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, follow him. In this closet is a boggart I caught a week ago. Now, you know the It Manager Samples | Resume, basics, begin. He looked at | Tayoa, his roster and Order Part X 5.5" called out the Assistant Project Manager, names of his students, starting with Apperson, Maria. When nearly all the class had encountered their fears and Assess Business Water Risk And Develop A turned them into something funny, all that was left were ten students, three Gryffindorsand seven Slytherins.

Very good Angel. Assistant Manager Portal. Rick Alkin said. He looked at 7 Best Kids Projects, his now messy roster. Snape, Severus. I'd very like to know what Snivelly's fear is. said Sirius. | Tayoa Employment. Probably something to clean his hair with. 7 Best Projects Images On Pinterest. snickered James. Or something to decrease the Assistant Manager, size of his nose.

Professor Alkin raised his eyebrows at the two boys and How To Assess The Long And Develop turned his attention back to the greasy haired boy, who was dripping with sweat. Assistant Portal. Snape raised his wand, reluctantly. Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5" - His vision was blurred from Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa sweat, his greasy hair stuck to It Manager, his very sweaty forehead. The snake, which now sported a blue and pink wig as a result from the Employment, Riddikulus spell, stared at Snipe and turned into a tiny bottle. The students, eager to find out Snivelly's fear, crowded next to their professor. It's a bottle of 3 Risk shampoo! said a blonde boy with keen eyesight. Everyone stared at Snipe in Project Employment Portal disbelief (they were hoping it was shampoo but wasn't expecting it to Ideas Resume Template Word Resume, his fear). Everyone laughed, including one Miss Evans, who was covering her laughter behind A History of Magic by Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, Bat Hilda Bags hot. The Marauders were a completely different story. They were already making flyers and pamphlets with Snivelly's fear which was to Samples | Resume Samples, be scattered all over | Tayoa, their school.

Even Remus was in Evaluation Pictures For their little project. After class, the Gryffindors and Slytherins still can't stop laughing at Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, Severus Snape's fear. When the Ideas Template Word 14 Free Resume, door to the DADA classroom was closed, a loud laughter erupted from Profesor Alkin. Well, there you have it. The Boggart by Assistant Manager Employment, . . 7 Best Kids. . me!

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obama wife resume OBAMA AND ISRAEL. By Discover The Networks. Obama's longtime association with the anti-Semitic Jeremiah Wright: For nearly two decades, Barack Obama was a member of Rev. Jeremiah Wright's Trinity United Church of Project Portal Christ in Chicago. Obama described Wright as his “spiritual advisor,” his “mentor,” and “one of the greatest preachers in America.” Moreover, Obama contributed large sums of money to Wright's church, and 7 Best School Projects Images On Pinterest, he chose Wright to perform his wedding ceremony and to baptize his two young daughters. On December 4, 2007, Wright was named as a member of the Assistant Portal Obama presidential campaign's newly created African American Religious Leadership Committee.

But Wright was compelled to step down from the Committee three months later, after videotapes of his many hate-filled sermons ignited fierce public debate and Order Form - 2 Part -, criticism. For further information about Wright and his anti-Semitism, click here. Obama's ties to Rashid Khalidi and the the Arab American Action Network: During his Illinois state senate years in Assistant Manager Portal the mid- to late 1990s, Barack Obama was a lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School, where he became friendly with Rashid Khalidi, a professor of 3 Risk Matrix Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. Obama and his wife were regular dinner guests at Khalidi’s Hyde Park home. Obama's ties to Ali Abunimah, former vice president of the Arab American Action Network: Candidate Obama publicly criticizes Israel's conservative Likud Party:

In February 2008, then-U.S. Senator (and presidential candidate) Barack Obama told an audience in Cleveland: There is a strain within the pro-Israel community that says unless you adopt an unwavering pro-Likud approach to Israel, that you're anti-Israel. When Obama made that assertion, Likud had already been out of power for two years, and the country was being led by | Tayoa Employment Portal, the centrist Kadima government (of Ehud Olmert, Tzipi Livni, and Shimon Peres) which had been pursuing territorial compromise of unprecedented magnitude. Moreover, as the Wall Street Journal points out: It was under Likud that Israel made its largest territorial compromiseswithdrawals from Sinai and Gaza. Candidate Obama's reluctance to publicly refer to Awesome - Best Resume, terrorism against Israel: President-elect Obama chooses the leader of a Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated group to Manager Portal, recite a prayer during his January 2009 inauguration: President Obama's first call to 3 X, a foreign leader was to Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas: Two days after his inauguration, President Obama placed his first phone call to a foreign leader -- Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. Abbas had repeatedly emphasized the importance of implementing the principles of Yasser Arafat, the most prolific Jew-killer since Adolf Hitler; he had praised the terrorist group Hezbollah as a shining example of Arab resistance against alleged Israeli oppression; he had lauded Palestinian terrorists as strugglers and Assistant Project Manager Portal, martyrs whom Allah loves; he had steadfastly refused to acknowledge Israel's right to exist; he was the head of the Fatah Party, a movement whose Charter continued to advocate terrorism against, and the annihilation of, Israel; he had authorized lump-sum payments of $2,200 apiece to the surviving family members of Palestinian shahids (martyrs) -- including suicide bombers; and he had exhorted Palestinians to Word 14 Free, unite the Assistant Manager Portal Hamas and Fatah blood in the struggle against Israel as we did at the beginning of the Intifada. Obama's ties to the International Crisis Group, and Salon Gift Certificate Template | Word, their implications for Israel:

Obama appoints a DHS official with ties to Islamic extremists: According to the Investigative Project on Terrorism, in 2007 Mogahed “appeared to suggest that the Assistant Manager Muslim Brotherhood might be a peaceful alternative to jihadists.” Together with such luminaries as Feisal Abdul Rauf, former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and diplomat Dennis Ross, Mogahed was a leading voice in Salon Template Templates the Leadership Group on U.S.-Muslim Engagement, which in Project Manager | Tayoa Portal September 2008 had issued a 154-page recommendation paper -- a number of whose suggestions (on how to improve America's relationship with Muslims globally) were eventually adopted by the Obama administration. The paper specifically called on the U.S. to engage opposition parties (including the Muslim Brotherhood) in Egypt, and to use intermediaries to engage Hamas -- in hopes of moderating the terror group. In early October 2009, Mogahed was interviewed on Evaluation - Best Resume Examples a British television program hosted by Ibtihal Bsis, a member of the extremist Hizb ut Tahrir party, which seeks to facilitate the non-violent destruction of Western democracy and the creation of a worldwide Islamic state governed by Sharia Law.

Bsis and Assistant Manager Employment, another guest (also a member of Hizb ut Tahrir) stated that Sharia should be “the source of Rediform Form legislation” for all nations in the world; they also repeatedly condemned the “man-made law” and the “lethal cocktail of liberty and capitalism” that existed in Western societies. Mogahed did not dispute any of their assertions. Instead she stated that the Western view of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal Sharia was oversimplified, and that the Rediform Purchase Form - 2 - 7.87" majority of Muslim women around the world associated Islamic Law with gender justice. Employment Portal. I think the reason so many women support Sharia is because they have a very different understanding of 7 Best School Projects On Pinterest Sharia than the Assistant Manager | Tayoa common perception in Western media,” she said. Obama goes to Cairo to address the Muslim world: Added Bayefsky: “Obama [in the Cairo speech] analogized Palestinian ‘daily humiliations that come with occupation’ to Purchase Form - 2 Part, the ‘humiliation of segregation’ of black slaves in America and the ‘moral authority’ of ‘people from Assistant Portal, South Africa.’ His Arab audience understood that the president of the United States had just given a nod to the single most potent defamation of the Purchase Order Part - 7.87" - Jewish state today the allegation that Israel is a racist, apartheid state.” Obama urges Jewish leaders to put daylight between the U.S. and Israel: Obama says he will absolutely not give permission for Israel to attack Iranian nuclear facilities: Obama's first address to the UN General Assembly:

We continue to call on Palestinians to end incitement against Israel. And we continue to Manager, emphasize that America does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlements. Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures Resume Examples. ( By Obama’s definition, even the Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal construction of a new bathroom in Resume | Resume a home already owned by Jews in East Jerusalem constituted a violation of the ban on “settlement” activity.) The time has come to relaunch negotiations without preconditions that address the permanent status issues, security for Israelis and Palestinians, borders, refugees and Jerusalem. The goal is clear: Two states living side by Employment, side in peace and security; a Jewish state of Israel with true security for all Israelis and a viable, independent Palestinian state with contiguous territory that ends the occupation that began in 1967 and realizes the potential of the Purchase Order Form Part X 5.5" - Palestinian people. The United States does Israel no favors when we fail to couple an unwavering commitment to its security with an insistence that Israel respect the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal legitimate claims and Ms Word | Word Templates, rights of the Palestinians. And nations within this body do the Palestinians no favors when they choose vitriolic attacks against Israel over Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa constructive willingness to Purchase Order Part X 5.5" -, recognize Israel's legitimacy and Project Portal, its right to It Manager | Resume, exist in peace and security. Obama laments that Israel has been unwilling to Manager Employment Portal, make any bold gestures for It Manager Samples peace: Obama opposes Israel's plan to build houses in a settlement near Jerusalem: The Obama administration again criticizes Israeli settlements: The president launched an Project Manager | Tayoa Portal, unprecedented weeks-long offensive against Israel.

Mr. Biden very publicly departed Israel. Washington Post columnist and Middl East expert Jackson Diehl wrote that Netanyahu is being treated [by Obama] as if he were an unsavory Third World dictator. Obama refuses to intervene in an Israeli dispute with Turkey and Egypt: In April 2010, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu withdrew from an Obama-sponsored Washington summit on nuclear proliferation after it became apparent that Turkey and Egypt intended to Salon Certificate | Word, use the occasion to Assistant Project Employment Portal, denounce Israel's nuclear program; Obama chose not to intervene in this dispute.

Obama chooses not to explicitly make reference to an act of murderous Islamic terrorism against an American: The Obama administration's response to Israel's interception of a terrorist-laden flotilla headed for Gaza: $400 Million in aid for Palestinians: In an effort to contain the political fallout from the Mavi Marmara incident (see above), in June 2010 President Obama offered to send an extra $400 million in “humanitarian aid” to the Palestinians of the West Bank and School Projects Images, Gaza Strip. (This was to be above and beyond the $600+ million in aid which the Assistant | Tayoa U.S. was already sending to the Palestinian Authority each year.) In remarks he made during a meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Obama urged Israel to put a stop to its settlement activity and Salon | Word, called on the Palestinians to avoid inciting further confrontation. He also called on Israel to reassess its blockade on Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal Gaza, while conceding that [t]here should be means by which we will be able to stop flow of arms that endanger Israel’s security. Rediform Order - Added Obama: If we can get a new conceptual framework, we should be able to take what is a tragedy [the recent flotilla incident] and create an opportunity so the lives of Assistant Employment Portal people of Gaza are improved. But in the long run, the way to solve this problem is creation of the Palestinian state and ensuring Israel’s security. The Obama administration allows the Palestinian flag to fly at It Manager Samples Samples the PLO office in DC: On July 25, 2010, JTA News reported that [t]he Obama administration will allow the PLO office in Washington to fly the Palestinian flag and assume the title of 'delegation'; that this decision had symbolic value but had no meaning under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations; and that the White House suggested the [measure] would help spur the Palestinians toward direct peace talks with Israel. A stark contrast between Obama's holiday messages to Assistant Manager Employment Portal, Jews and to Muslims: Obama criticizes Israeli settlements yet again:

Obama and the fall of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt: Three decades earlier, President Jimmy Carter had urged another staunch American ally -- the Shah of Iran -- to loosen his own grip on 7 Best Projects Images On Pinterest power, only to see the Project Manager Portal Shah's autocratic regime replaced by Ayatollah Khomeini's Islamic Republic. More recently, U.S.-supported elections had strengthened such groups as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in the Palestinian territories, and anti-American radicals in Iran. Jimmy Carter will go down in 7 Best Images American history as 'the president who lost Iran,' analyst Aluf Benn wrote in the Israeli daily Haaretz . Barack Obama will be remembered as the president who 'lost' Turkey, Lebanon and Egypt, and Assistant Manager | Tayoa, during whose tenure America's alliances in the Middle East crumbled. Obama expresses his belief that the Palestinians sincerely want peace with Israel: In a March 2011 meeting with Jewish leaders, Obama contended -- against all historical evidence -- that “Israel’s [Palestinian] partner is sincere in wanting a peaceful settlement.” Meanwhile, he asked his Jewish interlocutors to Rediform Order - 2 - 7.87" -, “speak to your Israeli friends and relatives and search your souls to Manager | Tayoa Portal, determine how badly do you really want peace Israelis think this peace process is overrated.”

Implying that Jerusalem is not part of Israel: Obama calls for an Arab-Israeli land swap based on pre-1967 borders: There were . no 1967 lines in which Palestinian Arab territory was contiguous. For the Evaluation Pictures Resume Examples For territory of Palestine to be contiguous, that of Israel will have to be substantially reduced. Israel’s 1967 borders were indefensible, and Assistant Project | Tayoa, Obama is calling for Israel to be reduced even further so that a contiguous Palestinian state can be established.

In response to Obama's speech, Prime Minister Netanyahu said that a Palestinian state based on the borders of 3 Risk 1967 would leave the Jewish state indefensible. The viability of a Palestinian state cannot come at the expense of Israel's existence, the Israeli leader said. Obama Administration Opens Talks with the Muslim Brotherhood. Obama chooses not to make public reference to terrorism directed against Israel: In early September 2011, the Obama administration issued talking points for the upcoming 10th anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. In those talking points, the administration referred to Manager Employment Portal, terrorism's many victims around the world, “whether in New York or Nairobi, Bali or Belfast, Mumbai or Manila, or Lahore or London.” Conspicuously absent from the Salon Gift Certificate Template | Word President's remarks was any mention of Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, or Sderot, which had been hit by Islamist terrorists innumerable times. Moral equivalence regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict: Dozens of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal Arab terrorist organizations, includingHamas, Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad, the PFLP, the DFLP, the PFLP-GC, Fatah, the PLO, Hizb-ut-Tahrir, Ansar al-Islam, Jayyish Allah, Sayyif al-Jihad, al-Jama’a al-Islamiyeh, el-Qaeda and others, all unabashedly proclaim their intentions to destroy Israel, a close, loyal and strong ally of America. In the context of that commitment to Samples | Resume Samples, Israel’s destruction, they also emphasize their intention to Project, exile or murder all of Israel’s Jews.

( This section is adapted from: Obama Continues His War on | Resume Israel, by David Meir-Levi (November 7, 2011 ). Obama is caught on live microphone, blasting Israeli PM Netanyahu: Obama administration reveals Israel's secret relationship with Azerbaijan: Obama Overrides Congress to Project Manager Employment Portal, Fund the Palestinian Authority: On April 28, 2012, Andrew McCarthy reported that President Obama had decided to 7 Best Kids School Projects Images, waive the Palestinian Accountability Act's freeze on Assistant Project | Tayoa U.S. funding for Pictures Resume For the Palestinian Authority (PA). Assistant Project Employment Portal. That freeze had been imposed after PA president Mahmoud Abbas attempted, in Certificate & Excel Templates September 2011, to unilaterally declare Palestinian statehood -- in violation of the PA’s treaty commitments. Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal. This move by Obama would provide $192 million to the PA. Wrote McCarthy:

White House spinmeister Tommy Vietor stated that President Obama made the decision to pour American taxpayer dollars into Palestinian coffers in order to ensure 'the continued viability of the Charity Examples For moderate PA government.' He added the claim that, as the report puts it, 'the PA had fulfilled all its major obligations, such as recognizing Israel’s right to exist, renouncing violence and accepting the Road Map for Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal Peace.' State Department official refuses to identify Jerusalem as the undispiuted capital of Israel: As journalist Ben Shapiro observed at the time: [This] position actually undercuts Israel’s ability to negotiate. Land-for-peace negotiations have been a dismal failure -- the On Pinterest last twenty years have proved that the Oslo strategy of appeasement was destined for disaster from the start. But if land-for-peace were going to Project Manager, work, as Los Angeles Jewish Journal publisher David Suissa has pointed out, the Arabs would have to see Israel as making valuable concessions, not disowning territory to which they never had a right. White House spokesman Jay Carney likewise refuses to identify Jerusalem as the undispiuted capital of Israel: Pro-Israel language is removed from the Democratic Party platform: Several pro-Israel sections of the 2008 Democratic Party platform have been removed from the Resume Resume 2012 platformon Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, and Hamas. The new platform represents another shift by the Obama Democrats toward the Palestinian position on key issues in the peace process.

Democrats reinstate mentions of Israel and Project Manager, God in party platform, after public outcry: Obama administration refuses to draw red line on Iran: Obama says he will not meet with Prime Minister Netanyahu in Awesome Pictures For New York: Obama excludes Israel from counterterrorism group: Recently, a high-level conference on Assistant Project Manager the Victims of Terrorism was held in Madrid. The sponsoring organization, the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) is the brainchild of the Obama administration and one of its “signature initiatives” on counterterrorism.

Its purported purpose is to increase global cooperation in fighting terrorism worldwide. Yet, despite Israel’s interest in Gift Certificate Template & Excel joining the alliance, the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal GCTF, under the leadership of the Obama administration, has excluded Israel from Pictures, all participation. Israeli Knesset leader criticizes Obama's naive leadership: Hamas and Syria Step up Attacks against Israel Shortly after Obama Re-election: Speaking at a forum at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy in Washington, DC on December 7, 2012, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said: “. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal. I’m not making excuses for the missed opportunities of the Israelis, or the lack of generosity, the lack of empathy that I think goes hand-in-hand with the suspicion.

So, yes, there is more that the Israelis need to do to really demonstrate that they do understand the pain of an oppressed people in Rediform Order - 2 - 7.87" X 5.5" - their minds, and they want to figure out, within the bounds of security and a Jewish democratic state, what can be accomplished.” Obama Says Israeli Settlement Policies Are Leading Towards “Near-Total Isolation”: Obama Alludes to Manager | Tayoa, the Legitimate Frustration of Palestinians: Obama says Palestinians deserve a state of their own: Obama pressures Israel to It Manager Samples, apologize to Turkey.

Secret Negotiations with Iran: Israel Is Outraged. In early November 2013, it was reported that the Obama administration had begun softening U.S. sanctions against Iran (vis a vis the latter's nuclear program) soon after the election, five months earlier, of that country's new president, Hassan Rouhani. This move set the stage, in turn, for the United States -- in conjunction with Britain, France, Russia, China, and Germany -- to propose a short-term “first step agreement” with Iran at a November meeting in Assistant | Tayoa Employment Geneva. The deal, which sought to freeze Iran’s nuclear program for approximately six months in Awesome Charity Pictures Resume Examples For order to create an Assistant Project Manager Portal, opportunity for a more comprehensive and lasting bargain to Kids Images On Pinterest, be negotiated, included four key provisions, as outlined by the London Telegraph : 1) Iran would stop enriching uranium to Manager Portal, the 20 per cent level that is close to weapons-grade and turn its existing stockpile of this material into harmless oxide. “In return,” said the Telegraph , “America would ease economic sanctions, possibly by releasing some Iranian foreign exchange reserves currently held in frozen accounts. In addition, some restrictions affecting Iran’s petrochemical, motor and precious metals industries could be relaxed.” “The deal that is being discussed in Geneva right now is a bad deal.

It’s a very bad deal. Iran is not required to 3 X Matrix, take apart even one centrifuge. But the international community is relieving sanctions on Project Manager Iran for the first time after many years. Iran gets everything that it wanted at Purchase - 2 Part - 7.87" X 5.5" this stage and it pays nothing. And this is when Iran is under severe pressure. I urge Secretary Kerry not to rush to sign, to wait, to reconsider, to get a good deal. But this is a bad deal--a very, very bad deal. It’s the deal of a century for Project | Tayoa Portal Iran; it’s a very dangerous and bad deal for peace and the international community. Israel utterly rejects it [the deal], Netanyahu emphasized, and what I am saying is shared by Pretty Professional Word 14 Free, many in the region, whether or not they express that publicly. Israel is not obliged by this agreement and Israel will do everything it needs to do to Assistant | Tayoa Portal, defend itself and the security of 7 Best Kids School Projects Images On Pinterest its people. Over the weekend I spoke with President Obama, with [Russian] President Putin, with [French] President Hollande, with [German] Chancellor Merkel and Employment, with British Prime Minister Cameron.

I told them that according to all the information reaching Israel, the impending deal is bad and dangerous. A number of Awesome Evaluation Pictures - Best Resume Examples For days later, the U.S.along with Britain, France, Russia, China, and Assistant Project Employment Portal, Germanyresumed negotiations with Iran. And on Kids Projects Images On Pinterest November 24th an interim agreement was reached, wherein Iran agreed that for six months it would: place a 5% ceiling on its uranium enrichment; reduce to 7,000 kilograms the amount of already-enriched uranium in its possession; allow the International Atomic Energy Agency to conduct daily inspections of acknowledged enrichment sites in Natanz and | Tayoa Employment, Fordo; and suspend all work on its unfinished plutonium plant in Arak. In exchange, the U.S. and its bargaining partners assured Iran that for Images On Pinterest the same six-month period: the United Nations and the European Union would impose no new sanctions related to Iran's nuclear program, and would cease efforts to further limit Iran’s oil exports; sanctions on insurance services for Assistant Manager | Tayoa transport to Awesome Evaluation Pictures - Best Resume Examples, Iran would be suspended, along with additional restrictions on the sale of gold and other valuables; a new “financial channel” would permit Iran to access banking services for Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa “humanitarian commerce”e.g., the Samples import of Assistant Project Manager Employment food, pharmaceuticals, and medical treatments; some U.S. sanctions would be suspended; and Washington would allow the Charity Evaluation - Best For sale of some spare parts for Iran’s Boeing transport aircraft. But the Project | Tayoa Employment agreement gave Russia, a staunch ally of Iran, the right to Purchase Form - 7.87" X 5.5", oversee whatever future actions the Western powers might wish to take regarding Iran.

Moreover, the deal kept sensitive sites such as the Iranian military base at Parchin, where researchers were busy weaponizing enriched uranium, off-limits to inpectors. And the same immunity from inspections would apply also to any new nuclear sites that Iran might open up subsequent to the signing of the accord. Obama Tells Israel to | Tayoa Employment, Acept Mahmoud Abbas As Peace Partner. In a February 2014 interview with Jeffrey Goldberg, President Obama warned that if Israel and President Netanyahu failed to “make peace” soon with the 3 X Matrix Palestinians, Israel would be rendered “more isolated internationally.” I mean, we [Israel] vacated cities in Judea and Project Manager Employment, Samaria. Matrix. We left entirely Gaza.

We’ve not only frozen settlements, we’ve uprooted entire settlements. We’ve released hundreds of Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal terrorist prisoners, including dozens in recent months. And when you look at what we got in return, it’s been scores of suicide bombings, thousands of rockets on our cities fired from the areas we vacated, and just incessant Palestinian incitement against Israel. Resume Samples | Resume. So Israel has been doing its part, and I regret to say that the Palestinians haven’t. Obama Administration Tells Israel to Assistant Project Employment Portal, Stop Assassinating Iranian Nuclear Scientists and Focus on It Manager Resume Samples | Resume the Palestine Peace Process. On March 3, 2014, the Associated Press reported: U.S. officials have reportedly told Israel to stop killing off Iranian nuclear scientists.

Israel's Moussad spy agency has supposedly taken out [mostly with car bombs] at Employment Portal least five top Iranian nuclear experts in an attempt to Resume Template Word 14 Free Resume, slow the country’s nuclear program and continues to do so despite recent agreements reached to end the country’s nuclear ambitions. Obama Administration Says Palestinians Do Not Need to Commit to Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, Recognizing Israel's Legitimate Existence. Israeli Foreign Minister Says Israel Cannot Depend on U.S., Which Projects Weakness The Obama Administration Recognizes the Palestinians' New Unity Government Uniting Fatah and Hamas. On June 2, 2014, the School Projects Images On Pinterest Palestinians formed a new “government of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa national unity” led by Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah and backed by Pretty Ideas Resume Word, Hamas. The Washington Post described the move, which effectively united Fatah and Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal, Hamas, as “a significant step toward ending a seven-year feud between the Palestinian political factions that separately control the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.”

Public radio reported that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu felt “betrayed and deceived” by the U.S., particularly in light of the Awesome Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples fact that Secretary of State John Kerry had promised him that Washington would not recognize the new government immediately. Assistant Portal. A senior political official quoted by the Israel Hayom freesheet, widely regarded as Prime Minister Netanyahu's mouthpiece, stated that the American move was “like a knife in the back.” Netanyahu himself then said: “I’m deeply troubled by the announcement that the Pictures - Best Examples United States will work with the Palestinian government backed by Project Employment Portal, Hamas. All those who genuinely seek peace must reject President Abbas’ embrace of Hamas, and most especially, I think the United States must make it absolutely clear to Pretty Professional Template Word 14 Free Resume, the Palestinian president that his pact with Hamas, a terrorist organization that seeks Israel’s liquidation, is simply unacceptable.” The Israeli ambassador to the United States, Ron Dermer, said that Israel was “deeply disappointed” that America had decided to | Tayoa Portal, recognize a government that legitimized Hamas, an organization “committed to Kids School Images, our [Israel's] destruction.” “With suits in the front office and Assistant Project Employment Portal, terrorists in the back office, it should not be business as usual,” said Dermer. 3 Risk Matrix. Israeli Intelligence Minister Yuval Steinitz said: “I have to say I do not understand this American announcement. You cannot present it as a Hamas government internally, then present it publicly as a government of technocrats. If these [ministers] are people who identify with Hamas, Hamas identifies with them and Assistant Manager | Tayoa, appointed them, then they are representatives of Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5" Hamas.

This is a Hamas government, and Hamas is a terror organization.” Israeli Communications Minister Gilad Erdan said: “Unfortunately, American naivety has broken all records. Collaborating with Hamas, which is defined as a terror organization in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment the United States, is simply unthinkable. U.S. capitulation to Palestinian tactics badly damages the chance of ever returning to Ms Word Gift Certificate Template | Word Templates, negotiations and will cause Israel to take unilateral steps to defend its citizens from the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal government of terror which Abu Mazen [Mahmoud Abbas] has set up.” Obama Official Makes Speech Critical of Rediform Form - 2 Part - 7.87" - Israel. Obama Urges Israeli Restraint Against Hamas Terrorists. Obama Administration Delays Assisting Israel's Effort to Find the Remains of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Dead IDF Solder. [I]n an article published [on October 14] in The Jerusalem Post , terrorism analyst and investigative reporter Steven Emerson revealed how the highest echelons of the administration blocked the FBI and Rediform Form - 7.87" -, the US Attorney’s Office from Assistant Project, assisting Israel in finding the remains of IDF soldier Oron Shaul. Kids School Images. Shaul was one of seven soldiers from the Golani Infantry Brigade killed July 20 when Hamas terrorists fired a rocket at their armored personnel carrier in Gaza’s Shejeia neighborhood. As Emerson related, after stealing his remains, Hamas terrorists hacked into Shaul’s Facebook page and Assistant Manager Employment Portal, posted announcements that he was being held by Hamas.

As a result of these delays, Israel was unable to even begin negotiating with Hamas for the return of 3 X Shaul's body parts until at least the third week of October 2014. Obama Administration Condemns Israel's Shelling of a UN School. On July 31, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said: “The Israeli military can and should do more to Assistant Project Portal, protect the lives of those innocent civilians. There is a difference in approach between what Hamas is It Manager Resume Samples perpetrating on the Israeli people and what Israel is Manager | Tayoa Portal doing to defend their country. But the shelling of a U.N. facility that is Ms Word Salon Certificate Template | Word & Excel housing innocent civilian who are fleeting violence is totally unacceptable and totally indefensible. It is clear that we need our allies in Israel to do more to live up to to the high standards that they have set for Assistant Employment themselves. Obama Administration Condemns Israel's Shelling of Another UN School. In early August 2014, after 10 Palestinian civilians were killed by Israeli shelling outside a United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) school in Rafah, wherein some 3,000 displaced persons were being sheltered, the Obama administration called the incident “totally unacceptable and totally indefensible.” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki demanded that Israel do “more to meet its own standards and - 7.87" -, avoid civilian casualties.” Added Psaki: “The United States is appalled by Assistant Project Manager, today’s disgraceful shelling outside an Pretty Ideas Professional 14 Free, UNRWA school in Rafah sheltering some 3,000 displaced persons, in which at least 10 more Palestinian civilians were tragically killed.” Addressing the Assistant | Tayoa Portal Israeli military's assertion that it was responding to mortar bombs that had been fired from near the school by Palestinians, Psaki said: “The suspicion that militants are operating nearby does not justify strikes that put at 3 X 3 Risk Matrix risk the lives of so many innocent civilians.” Netanyahu Tells U.S. Not to Second-Guess Him on Hamas. State Department Says Israel Must Do More to Avoid Civilian Casualties.

Obama Withholds Weapons Shipments to Israel. Obama Says Israel Must Find a Way to Recognize the Legitimate Claims of the Palestinians. Obama Says Too Many Israelis Are Ready to Abandon the Hard Work of Peace; Draws Moral Equivalence Between Israeli and Palestinian Deaths. Obama Administration Rejects Netanyahu's Assessment of ISIS. Obama Draws Moral Equivalence Between Israeli and Palestinian Deaths in the Recent Israel-Hamas War. Obama Administration Sharply Rebukes Israeli Housing Project. Obama Administration Expresses Condolences over Death of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal Hamas Terrorist; Refuses to Call Him a Terrorist. Top Obama Official Calls Netanyahu Chickenshit State Department Spokeswoman Says Israel Should Have Done More to Limit Palestinian Civilian Casualties.

After Palestinian Terror Attack, Obama Draws a Moral Equivalence Between the Two Sides. Reports That the Obama Administration Is Considering Sanctions Against Israel. Obama Administration Leaks to Rediform Form - 2 Part, the Press About Israel. Guzansky interpreted the Manager Employment motives behind the Obama leaks as follows: “It seems like a big campaign to prevent Israel from attacking. I think the [Obama] administration is really worried Jerusalem will attack and attack soon. They’re trying hard to prevent it in so many ways.” Obama Is Enraged by Benjamin Netanyahu's Acceptance of Charity - Best Resume Examples For John Boehner's Invitation to Assistant Project Portal, Address Congress. The One Voice Movement Sends 5 Former Obama Campaign Operatives to Israel, to Template 14 Free Resume, Work on Defeating Prime Minister Netanyahu's Re-election Bid. A State Department official deleted emails that included information about Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal a secret campaign to oust Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during the country’s last election, according to a Senate investigatory committee that determined the Obama administration transferred tax funds to anti-Netanyahu groups. Obama Says Islamic Attack on Kosher Deli Was Random Violence. Question: They weren’t killed because they were in a Jewish deli though, they were in a kosher deli?

Earnest: John, these individuals were not targeted by name. This is the point. Question: Not by name, but by religion, were they not? Earnest: Well, John, there were people other than just Jews who were in Ideas Professional Resume Template Resume that deli. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki advanced a similar narrative: Psaki: Well, as you know, I believe if I remember the victims specifically there were not all victims of Assistant Employment Portal one background or one nationality so I think what they mean by Ideas Template 14 Free Resume, that is, I don’t know that they spoke to the targeting of the grocery store or that specifically but the individuals who were impacted. (Psaki was wrong; all four of the victims were Jewish.) Question: Does the Project Manager | Tayoa administration believe this was an anti-Jewish or an attack on the Jewish community in Charity Evaluation - Best Examples For Paris?

Psaki: I don’t think we’re going to speak on Project Manager Employment Portal behalf of French authorities and Template Resume, what they believe was the situation at play here. Question: Yeah, but if a guy goes into a kosher market and starts shooting it up, you don’t he’s not looking for Buddhists is Project | Tayoa Employment Portal he? Psaki: Well again, Matt, I think it’s relevant that obviously the individuals in there who were shopping and Kids Images, working at the store. Question: Who does the administration expect shops at a kosher deli? I mean I might but you know an attacker going into a store that is clearly identified as being one of, as identified with one specific faith, I’m not sure I can understand how it is | Tayoa Portal that you can’t say this was a targeted attack.

Psaki: I just don’t have more for you, Matt. It’s an issue for the French government to address. Later that afternoon, in response to It Manager Samples Samples, public criticism of the administration's random violence theme, both Psaki and Earnest completely reversed their position and pretended that they had been characterizing the attacks as targeted, anti-Semitic actions all along. Psaki tweeted: We have always been clear that the attack on the kosher grocery store was an anti-semitic attack that took the lives of innocent people. Forty-one minutes after that, Earnest tweeted: Our view has not changed. Terror attack at Paris Kosher market was motivated by anti-Semitism. POTUS didn't intend to Assistant | Tayoa Employment, suggest otherwise. Netanyahu Cites Profound Disagreement with the It Manager Resume Samples U.S. on Portal Iran Deal. Netanyahu Accuses U.S. of Abandoning Its Pledge to Prevent Iran from Acquiring Nuclear Weapons.

On February 25, 2015, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rebuffed criticism in Washington of his plans to speak to a joint session of It Manager Samples Samples Congress on March 3, saying: I respect the White House and the President of the United States but on such a fateful matter, that can determine whether or not we survive, I must do everything to prevent such a great danger for Israel. Noting that the U.S. and its fellow P5+1 negotiating partners had pledged to prevent Iran from going nuclear, Netanyahu said that from the agreement coming together it appears they have given up on this commitment. Obama Threatened to Shoot Down Israeli Fighter Jets That Sought to Attack Iranian Nuclear Facilities. Obama Criticizes Netanyahu's Speech to Congress. I did not have a chance to watch Prime Minister Netanyahu's speech. I was on a video conference with our European partners with respect to Ukraine. I did have a chance to take a look at the transcript.

And as far as I can tell, there was nothing new. But as Jennifer Rubin wrote in the Washington Post : “ In his very odd response to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s speech , Obama did not dispute he is Assistant Project making these huge concessions and he did not argue they are wise. Instead, he argued Netanyahu said nothing new (well, Obama knew he had bargained away an awful lot, but many Americans did not, which is Evaluation Examples why Obama had to Manager | Tayoa Employment, put it out there in an interview on the eve of Netanyahu’s speech). And Obama groused that Netanyahu did not provide an alternative. [But] the 3 Risk speech did contain an alternative: Hold firm and increase sanctions. He’s demanding that Iran change its behavior, just as Obama was supposed to be demanding that Iran give up its quest for nuclear weapons.” In response to Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, Benjamin Netanyahu's March 3, 2015 speech to Congress, CNN’s Fareed Zakaria wrote an opinion piece stating that Netanyahu’s predictions regarding Iran had been consistently wrong for 25 years.

Zakaria likened the 3 X 3 Risk Matrix Prime Minister's proposed alternatives to a nuclear deal with Iran, to a never-never land fantasy “utterly divorced from reality.” In response to Zakaria's piece, the White House National Security Council tweeted a link to the piece and Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal, stated: “Interesting take.” Obama Administration Criticizes Netanyahu for Seeming to Abandon Support for two-State Solution. Obama Administration Accuses Netanyahu of | Resume Samples Racism Against Arabs. Obama congratulates Turkey’s Erdogan on presidential win. “U.S.

President Barack Obama congratulated Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan on Tuesday for his victory as the country’s next president, the White House said. 'The president praised the prime minister’s speech on Sunday and Project Portal, noted that as Turkey’s first directly elected president, the prime minister has an Resume | Resume Samples, historic opportunity to further move Turkey forward,' the White House said in a statement. Portal. The call lasted 45 minutes, according to Turkish sources. Erdogan last month acknowledged strains in his relations with Obama, saying he no longer spoke directly to the U.S. president as he had in the past. Erdogan’s leadership style, from his bombastic rhetoric on 3 X 3 Risk Israel to his crackdown on Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment anti-government protests last summer, has raised increasing concern among Western allies in recent years.” Obama breaks three decades of silence with call to Iranian president. Obama Calls to Congratulate Putin. Obama congratulates new power-sharing leaders in Afghanistan.

Report: Obama Congratulates Top Chinese Communist on New Position. Obama congratulates Morsi on Projects winning Egyptian presidency. Obama congratulates Saudi king on selecting new heir. [B]y publishing the declassified document from 1987, the U.S. reportedly breached the silent agreement to Project | Tayoa Portal, keep quiet on Israel's nuclear powers for the first time ever, detailing the nuclear program in great depth. The timing of the revelation is highly suspect, given that it came as tensions spiraled out of control between Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and US President Barack Obama ahead of Awesome - Best Resume Examples For Netanyahu's March 3 address in Assistant Project | Tayoa Congress, in which he warned against the dangers of Iran's nuclear program and how the deal being formed on Certificate Template | Word & Excel Templates that program leaves the Islamic regime with nuclear breakout capabilities. Another highly suspicious aspect of the document is that while the | Tayoa Portal Pentagon saw fit to declassify sections on Israel's sensitive nuclear program, it kept sections on Italy , France, West Germany and 3 X 3 Risk Matrix, other NATO countries classified, with those sections blocked out in the document. Top Iranian Commander Says “Erasing Israel off the Map” Is “Non-Negotiable” Obama Says Iran Deal Will Not Include Requirement That Iran Recognize Israel's Right to Exist. “ So there’s still going to be a whole host of differences between us and Iran, and one of the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal most profound ones is the vile, anti-Semitic statements that have often come out Salon Gift of the highest levels of the Iranian regime. But the notion that we would condition Iran not getting nuclear weapons, in a verifiable deal, on Iran recognizing Israel is really akin to saying that we won’t sign a deal unless the Assistant Project Manager nature of the Iranian regime completely transforms.

And that is, I think, a fundamental misjudgment. We want Iran not to have nuclear weapons precisely because we can’t bank on the nature of the regime changing. That’s exactly why we don’t want [it] to have nuclear weapons. If suddenly Iran transformed itself into Germany or Sweden or France, there would be a different set of conversations about their nuclear infrastructure. So, you know, the key here is not to somehow expect that Iran changes although it is something that may end up being an 7 Best School On Pinterest, important byproduct of this deal but rather it is to make sure that we have a verifiable deal that takes off the table what would be a game-changer for them if in fact they possess nuclear weapons” Earlier in the interview, Obama was asked how the deal with Iran could be a good one if Iran was not “capable of changing its ways.” Obama answered by essentially arguing that whether or not Iran was trustworthy did not matter: “Let me flip the question, Steve: I would argue that this deal is the right thing to do for the United States, for our allies in the region and for world peace regardless of the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal nature of the Iranian regime. So so I would actually argue you're right. People are focused on that. But this is Rediform Purchase Order - 2 X 5.5" a good deal if you think Iran's open to change; it's also a good deal if you think that Iran is implacably opposed to Employment Portal, the United States and Resume Word, the West and our values . ” Russia Announces Shipment of Powerful Missile Air-Defense System to Iran. Netanyahu Furious Over Russian Sale of Anti-Aircraft System to Iran.

Iran Parades New Weapons Systems, Declares “Death to Israel” Obama Administration Draws a Moral Equivalence Between Palestinian Terrorism and Assistant Project | Tayoa, Alleged Israeli Transgressions. Reports of Deep Mistrust Between Israel and 3 Risk, the Obama Administration. On October 22, 2015, the Wall Street Journal , in a story based on interviews with nearly two dozen current and former senior U.S. and Project Employment, Israeli officials, reported that in 2012, The U.S. closely monitored Israel’s military bases and eavesdropped on secret communications . fearing its longtime ally might try to carry out a strike on Fordow, Iran’s most heavily fortified nuclear facility. Painting a portrait of Charity Evaluation For deep mistrust between Israel and Assistant Project Manager, the Obama administration, the piece added: Nerves frayed at 7 Best Kids School Images the White House after senior officials learned Israeli aircraft had flown in and out of Manager | Tayoa Employment Iran in what some believed was a dry run for 7 Best School Projects a commando raid on the site. Worried that Israel might ignite a regional war, the White House sent a second aircraft carrier to the region and readied attack aircraft, a senior U.S. official said, “in case all hell broke loose.” The two countries, nursing a mutual distrust, each had something to hide. U.S. officials hoped to restrain Israel long enough to advance negotiations on a nuclear deal with Iran that the Project U.S. had launched in secret. 7 Best School Projects On Pinterest. U.S. Assistant Employment Portal. officials saw Israel’s strike preparations as an Gift Certificate Template & Excel Templates, attempt to Project Manager Employment Portal, usurp American foreign policy. Instead of talking to each other, the allies kept their intentions secret.

To figure out what they weren’t being told, they turned to their spy agencies to fill gaps. They employed deception, not only against Iran, but against each other. After working in concert for 3 Risk nearly a decade to keep Iran from an atomic bomb, the U.S. and Israel split over the best means: diplomacy, covert action or military strikes. Suspicions grew during the 2008 presidential race after Mr. Netanyahu spoke with some congressional Republicans who described Mr. Obama as pro-Arab, Israeli officials said. The content of the conversations later found its way back to the White House, senior Obama administration officials said. Soon after taking office in January 2009, Mr. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment. Obama took steps to allay Israeli concerns, including instructing the Pentagon to develop military options against Iran’s Fordow facility, which was built into a mountain. 3 X. The president also embraced an existing campaign of covert action against Iran, expanding cooperation between the Assistant Project Employment Central Intelligence Agency and Mossad, the Resume Israeli spy agency.

Mossad leaders compared the covert campaign to a 10-floor building: The higher the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal floor, they said, the more invasive the Rediform Form - 2 X 5.5" operation. CIA and Mossad worked together on operations on the lower floors. But the Americans made clear they had no interest in Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal moving higherIsraeli proposals to It Manager Resume Samples, bring down Iran’s financial system, for example, or even its regime. Some covert operations were run unilaterally by Mossad, such as the assassination of Iranian nuclear scientists, according to Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, U.S. officials. The first Oval Office meeting between Messrs.

Obama and | Word & Excel Templates, Netanyahu, in May 2009weeks after Mr. Netanyahu became prime ministerwas difficult for both sides. After the meeting, Mr. Obama’s aides called Ron Dermer, Mr. Netanyahu’s adviser, to coordinate their statements.

Mr. Dermer told them it was too late; Mr. Netanyahu was already briefing reporters. In 2010, the risk of Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal covert action became clear. Resume Samples. A computer virus dubbed Stuxnet, deployed jointly by the U.S. and Israel to destroy Iranian centrifuges used to process uranium, had inadvertently spread across the Internet. The Israelis wanted to launch cyberattacks against Project Employment Portal, a range of Iranian institutions, according to U.S. officials. Template. But the breach made Mr.

Obama more cautious, officials said, for fear of | Tayoa Employment triggering Iranian retaliation, or damaging the global economy if a virus spread uncontrollably. Israel questioned whether its covert operations were enough, said aides to Mr. Netanyahu. Stuxnet had only Ms Word Gift Templates temporarily slowed Tehran’s progress. “Cyber and other covert operations had their inherent limitations,” a senior Israeli official said, “and we reached those limitations.” Mr. Netanyahu pivoted toward a military strike, raising anxiety levels in the White House. The U.S. Air Force analyzed the arms and aircraft needed to destroy Iran’s nuclear facilities and concluded Israel didn’t have the right equipment.

The U.S. shared the findings, in part, to steer the Israelis from a military strike. The Israelis weren’t persuaded and briefed the U.S. on an attack plan: Cargo planes would land in Iran with Israeli commandos on board who would “blow the doors, and go in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa through the porch entrance” of Fordow, a senior U.S. School Projects Images On Pinterest. official said. The Israelis planned to sabotage the nuclear facility from inside. Pentagon officials thought it was a suicide mission. They pressed the Israelis to give the U.S. advance warning. The Israelis were noncommittal. Mr.

Obama, meanwhile, was moving toward diplomacy. In December 2011, the White House secretly used then-Sen. John Kerry to sound out Omani leaders about Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment opening a back channel to 7 Best Images, the Iranians. At the same time, the White House pressed the Israelis to scale back their assassination campaign and turned down their requests for more aggressive covert measures, U.S. officials said. The president spoke publicly about his willingness to use force as a last resort to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon“I don’t bluff,” Mr. Obama said in March 2012but some of Mr. Netanyahu’s advisers weren’t convinced. In early 2012, U.S. spy agencies told the White House about a flurry of meetings that Mr.

Netanyahu convened with top security advisers. The meetings covered everything from mission logistics to the political implications of a military strike, Israeli officials said. New intelligence poured in every day, much of it fragmentary or so highly classified that few U.S. | Tayoa Employment. officials had a complete picture. Officials now say many jumped to the mistaken conclusion that the Israelis had made a dry run. At the time, concern and confusion over Salon Gift Certificate Template & Excel Templates Israel’s intentions added to the sense of urgency inside the White House for a diplomatic solution. The White House decided to keep Mr. Netanyahu in the dark about the secret Iran talks, believing he would leak word to sabotage them. Mr. Netanyahu would get briefed on the talks, White House officials concluded, only if it looked like a deal could be reached. The first secret meeting between U.S. and Iranian negotiators, held in July 2012, was a bust.

But “nobody was willing to throw it overboard by greenlighting Israeli strikes just when the Assistant Portal process was getting started,” a former senior Obama administration official said. Israeli officials approached their U.S. counterparts over the summer about obtaining military hardware useful for Ideas 14 Free Resume a strike, U.S. officials said. At the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal top of the list were V-22 Ospreys, aircraft that take off and land like helicopters but fly like fixed-wing planes. Ospreys don’t need runways, making them ideal for dropping commandos behind enemy lines. The Israelis also sounded out officials about obtaining the Massive Ordnance Penetrator, the U.S. Form - 2 Part - 7.87" X 5.5". military’s 30,000-pound bunker-busting bomb, which was designed to Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, destroy Fordow. Mr.

Netanyahu wanted “somebody in the administration to Samples, show acquiescence, if not approval” for a military strike, said Gary Samore, who served for four years as Mr. Obama’s White House coordinator for arms control and weapons of mass destruction. “The message from the Obama administration was: ‘We think this is | Tayoa Portal a big mistake.’ ” White House officials decided not to provide the equipment. Messrs. Obama and Rediform Order Form - 2 - 7.87" X 5.5", Netanyahu spoke in September 2012, and Mr. Obama emerged convinced Israel wouldn’t strike on the eve of the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal U.S. presidential election. By the following spring, senior U.S. officials concluded the Israelis weren’t serious about a commando raid on Fordow and may have been bluffing.

When the U.S. offered to sell the Ospreys, Israel said it didn’t have the money. Former Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak, who championed a strike, said Mr. Netanyahu had come close to approving a military operation against Resume | Resume, Iran. But Israel’s military chiefs and cabinet members were reluctant, according to Portal, Israeli officials. While keeping the Omani talks secret, U.S. officials briefed the Israelis on the parallel international negotiations between Iran and Resume Samples, major world powers under way in early 2013. Those talks, which made little headway, were led on the U.S. side by Assistant Employment Portal, State Department diplomat Wendy Sherman. U.S. It Manager Samples. spy agencies were monitoring Israeli communications to see if the Israelis had caught wind of the | Tayoa Employment secret talks.

In September 2013, the U.S. learned the answer. Yaakov Amidror, Mr. Rediform Purchase Form - 7.87" - Netanyahu’s national security adviser at the time, had come to Washington in advance of a Sept. 30 meeting between Messrs. Netanyahu and Obama. On Sept. Manager. 27, Mr. Amidror huddled with White House national security adviser Susan Rice in her office when she told him that Mr. Obama was on Rediform Order Part X 5.5" the phone in a groundbreaking call with Iran’s president, Hassan Rouhani. Mr.

Amidror had his own surprise. During a separate meeting in the Roosevelt Room, he told several of Mr. Obama’s top advisers that Israel had identified the tail numbers of the unmarked U.S. government planes that ferried negotiators to Muscat, Oman, the site of the secret talks, U.S. officials said. Mr. Amidror, who declined to comment on the White House discussions, said that it was insulting for Obama administration officials to think “they could go to Oman without taking our intelligence capabilities into Assistant Manager account.” He called the 7 Best Kids Projects decision to hide the Iran talks from Israel a big mistake. U.S. officials said they were getting ready to tell the Israelis about the talks, which advanced only after Mr. Rouhani came to Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, office.

During the Sept. Awesome Evaluation Pictures Resume For. 30 meeting with Mr. Project Employment Portal. Netanyahu, the president acknowledged the secret negotiations. The secrecy cemented Israel’s distrust of Mr. Part - 7.87" X 5.5". Obama’s intentions, Israeli officials said. Mr. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment. Samore, the former White House official, said he believed it was a mistake to keep Israel in the dark for so long. Rediform Purchase Order - 2 Part - 7.87" X 5.5" - Mr. Einhorn said: “The lack of early transparency reinforced Israel’s suspicions and had an outsize negative impact on Israeli thinking about the Assistant | Tayoa talks.” Israel pushed for the U.S. to Template 14 Free, be more open about the Iran negotiations.

Ms. Manager | Tayoa Portal. Rice, however, pulled back on Evaluation Pictures Examples For consultations with her new Israeli counterpart, Yossi Cohen, who took over as Mr. Netanyahu’s national security adviser, according to Manager | Tayoa Employment, U.S. and Israeli officials. In exchanges with the White House, U.S. officials said, Mr. Resume. Cohen wouldn’t budge from demanding Iran give up its centrifuges and uranium-enrichment program. Project Manager. Israeli officials said they feared any deviation would be taken by the U.S. as a green light for Pretty Professional Template more concessions.

In November 2013, when the interim agreement was announced, Mr. Samore was in Israel, where, he said, the Israelis “felt blindsided” by the terms. U.S. officials said the details came together so quickly that Ms. Sherman and Assistant Project Manager Portal, her team didn’t have enough time to 3 X 3 Risk, convey them all. Israeli officials said the Americans intentionally withheld information to prevent them from influencing the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment outcome.

Earlier this year, U.S. officials clamped down on what they shared with Israel about the talks after, they allege, Mr. Netanyahu’s aides leaked confidential information about the emerging deal. When U.S. officials confronted the Israelis over the matter in a meeting, Israel’s then-minister of intelligence said he didn’t disclose anything from Washington’s briefings. Pretty Professional Resume 14 Free. The information, the minister said, came from “other means,” according to meeting participants. Ms.

Sherman told Mr. Cohen, Israel’s national security adviser: “You’re putting us in a very difficult position. Assistant Manager | Tayoa. We understand that you will find out what you can find out by your own means. But how can we tell you every single last thing when we know you’re going to use it against us?” according to U.S. officials who were there. But it is unclear how the White House will respond to any covert Israeli actions against Iran’s nuclear program, which current and former Israeli officials said were imperative to safeguard their country. One clause in the agreement says the major powers will help the Iranians secure their facilities against Samples | Resume, sabotage. State Department officials said the clause wouldn’t protect Iranian nuclear sites from Assistant Project Portal, Israel. Michael Hayden, a former director of the Charity Evaluation CIA, said the U.S. and Israel could nonetheless end up at odds. “If we become aware of any Israeli efforts, do we have a duty to warn Iran?” Mr. Project. Hayden said. “Given the intimacy of the U.S.-Israeli relationship, it’s going to Professional Template Word 14 Free, be more complicated than ever.” Obama Supports European Union Requirement for Labeling Products Manufactured in West Bank Settlements In November 2015 the European Union issued a ruling that banned the Made in Israel label on Assistant Portal goods produced in Gift Certificate Template & Excel Israeli communities in the West Bank.

Instead, the Assistant labels would have to Resume Samples, tell consumers that the products came from a “settlement” in the disputed West Bank territories. The Obama administration supported the EU's decision. We do not believe that labeling the origin of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment products is equivalent to a boycott, State Department spokesman Mark Toner said. And as you know, we do not consider settlements to be part of Israel. We do not view labeling the origin of Template Templates products as being from the settlements as a boycott of Israel. Groups advocating “boycott, divestment, and sanctions” (BDS) against Israel have spearheaded efforts to Assistant Project, require separate labeling of It Manager Resume Israeli goods from the West Bank and the Golan Heights as a step toward a complete boycott of Israeli exports.

Obama Administration Spied on Manager | Tayoa Employment Netanyahu's Conversations with US Lawmakers and Jewish Groups. Acco rding to a bombshell Wall Street Journal article by Adam Entous and Pretty Professional Template Word Resume, Danny Yadron. the National Security Agency provided the White House with intercepted Israeli communications containing details of Manager Employment Portal private discussions between Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. lawmakers and American Jewish groups on the Iran nuclear deal. Samples | Resume. If true, this could be the biggest scandal of the Obama presidency. The Journal article explains that President Obama decided to stop NSA collection against certain foreign leaders after the backlash against Edward Snowden’s disclosure that the | Tayoa NSA had eavesdropped on German chancellor Angela Merkel’s cellphone and monitored communications of the heads of state of other close U.S. Charity Pictures - Best Resume Examples For. allies. According to Assistant, the Journal story, President Obama did not halt NSA spying against Netanyahu. This is Kids School not a surprise, given the president’s chilly relations with the Israeli leader and Israel’s aggressive spying against the United States. It’s also not a surprise that the Obama administration sought intelligence on Netanyahu’s efforts to undermine the nuclear deal. But it is stunning to learn that NSA sent the White House intelligence on private discussions with U.S. congressmen on Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa a major policy dispute between the White House and Congress.

According to the Journal article, to avoid a paper trail that would show that they wanted the NSA to report on Netanyahu’s interactions with Congress, Obama officials decided to let the agency decide how much of this intelligence to provide and Samples | Resume Samples, what to withhold. The article cited an unnamed U.S. official who explained, “We didn’t say, ‘Do it.’ We didn’t say, ‘Don’t do it.’” This suggests major misconduct by the NSA and the White House of a sort not seen since Watergate. First, intercepts of congressmen’s communications regarding a dispute between Congress and Project, the White House should have been destroyed and never left the NSA building. For. The Journal article said a 2011 NSA directive requires direct communications between foreign intelligence targets and members of Congress to Assistant Portal, be destroyed, but gives the NSA director the authority to waive this requirement if he determines the It Manager communications contain “significant foreign intelligence.” Netanyahu’s discussions with members of Congress on Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal a policy dispute between Congress and the president do not qualify as foreign intelligence. Destroying this kind of 7 Best Kids School Projects information should not have been a close call for NSA. Congress should immediately ask NSA director Michael Rogers and Director of National Intelligence James Clapper to verify the Journal story and explain why intercepts of private discussions of members of Congress were provided to the White House.

If this did happen, both officials should resign. Second, the White House bears significant responsibility for Manager | Tayoa Employment this scandal. By encouraging and accepting this intelligence, the It Manager Resume White House used the | Tayoa Employment NSA as an illegitimate means to undermine its legislative opponents. This represented a major abuse of presidential power, since it employed the enormous capabilities of an American intelligence service against the U.S. 7 Best Projects Images. Congress. It also probably violates the Manager | Tayoa U.S. Constitution’s separation-of-powers principles and the Fourth Amendment, since surveillance may have been conducted against U.S. citizens without a warrant. The claim that Obama officials did not directly instruct the NSA to collect this information but simply accepted what the NSA sent them is preposterous. 3 Risk. If the Journal article is accurate, Obama officials knew they were receiving intelligence on the private conversations of U.S. congressmen on Project Manager a major policy dispute.

These officials knew they were not supposed to have this intelligence but did not cut it off, because they wanted to Images On Pinterest, use it to defeat efforts by Netanyahu and Congress to derail the Iran nuclear deal. This story is another indication of Manager Employment how desperate the Obama administration was to get a nuclear deal with Iran. It is truly bizarre that Obama officials would be parties to It Manager Samples, such a gross misuse of U.S. intelligence after the controversy caused by NSA collection of Assistant Manager Employment Portal phone records under the metadata program and so-called warrantless wiretaps by the Bush administration. These initiatives might have pushed the envelope of the law and intelligence charters, but they were carried out to defend the nation against terrorism and targeted terrorist suspects. By contrast, the Journal article discusses domestic intelligence activities that clearly are prohibited: targeting U.S. Purchase Order - citizens over a policy dispute, and targeting the legislative branch of government.

Congress should be outraged over this story, especially in light of how narrow the votes were in September to disapprove the Iran deal. The Obama administration won these votes because it did a better job than the congressmen and American Jewish groups who opposed the Iran deal of persuading Democratic members to support it. The Journal story suggests that NSA collection against American opponents of the deal may have helped the Obama administration win this battle for Democratic support. Congressional anger over Project Manager Portal the Journal story might force intelligence officials to Rediform Purchase Order Form - 2 - 7.87" X 5.5", resign. However, I believe there is no chance anyone in the Obama White House will be held accountable, since the Employment Portal Obama Justice Department will refuse to investigate and Obama officials probably will feign ignorance. Obama Administration Urges Israel to Exercise Restraint in Wake of 3 X Palestinian Terror Attack. Condemning Israeli Settlements Why did the Assistant | Tayoa Portal Obama administration decide to escalate its attacks against 3 X Matrix, Israel last week? What was the purpose of the Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal State Department’s shockingly hostile assault last Wednesday following the Israel Land’s Authority’s announcement that it is publishing tenders to build 323 apartment units in Jerusalem’s Gilo, Har Homa, Pisgat Zeev and Neveh Ya’acov neighborhoods? The statement needs to be seen to be believed. Obama Abstains on UN Vote Regarding Israeli Settlements.

The United States intended to allow the Awesome Charity - Best Resume Examples U.N. Security Council to approve a resolution demanding an end to Israeli settlement building, two Western officials said on Thursday, a major reversal of Assistant | Tayoa Employment U.S. practice, which prompted Israel to ask President-elect Donald Trump to apply pressure. In a day of intense diplomatic wrangling on one of the thorniest Middle East conflicts, Egypt, which had proposed the draft resolution, abruptly put off a vote that had been scheduled for 3 X Thursday afternoon. Diplomats said Cairo had acted under pressure from Israel and to avoid alienating Trump, who spoke to the Egyptian president and urged the [Obama] White House to use its veto. The two Western officials said President Barack Obama had intended to abstain from the Project vote, a relatively rare step by 3 X 3 Risk Matrix, the United States to register criticism of the Assistant Project Employment Portal building on Order - 7.87" X 5.5" occupied land that Palestinians want for a state. The government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has had an | Tayoa Portal, acrimonious relationship with Obama, believes the Obama administration had long planned the council vote in Samples coordination with the Palestinians, the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment senior Israeli official said. It was a violation of a core commitment to protect Israel at 3 X the U.N., the Assistant Project Employment official said. U.S. Professional. officials [under Obama] have voiced growing fears that a two-state solution is imperiled by Israeli settlement building and have been more willing to voice open criticism, including, the Manager Employment Portal two Western officials said, via Thursday's planned vote.

A U.S. abstention would have been seen as a parting shot by Obama, who has made the settlements a major target of his - ultimately futile - peace efforts. The resolution would demand Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in 7 Best Kids School On Pinterest the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem and said the Project Employment Portal establishment of settlements by Israel has no legal validity and constitutes a flagrant violation under international law. Egypt, currently a Security Council member, worked with the Resume Samples Samples Palestinians to draft the text. The senior Israeli official said Israel remained concerned the Manager Employment Portal resolution could still go ahead with another sponsoring country. New Zealand, Venezuela, Malaysia and Kids School On Pinterest, Senegal asked Egypt to clarify by Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, midnight whether it planned to call a vote. Awesome Evaluation Pictures Examples. In the event that Egypt decides that it cannot proceed to call for vote on 23 December or does not provide a response by the deadline, those delegations reserve the right to table the draft . and proceed to put it to vote ASAP, the four states wrote in a note, seen by Reuters. Netanyahu took to Twitter in the dead of night in Israel to make the appeal for Assistant Manager Employment Portal a veto. Rediform Purchase Order - 2 Part - 7.87". Hours later, Trump backed fellow conservative Netanyahu on one of the most contentious issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the pursuit, effectively stalled since 2014, of a two-state solution. The State Department declined to comment immediately on reports of the planned abstention. A resolution needs nine votes in Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal favor and no vetoes by the United States, France, Russia, Britain or China to be adopted.

The United States has vetoed dozens of Security Council resolutions on Israel and it is rare for Ms Word Certificate Template | Word Templates it to abstain. The last time the Security Council adopted a resolution on Israel and the Palestinians was in January 2009, when Washington abstained on a resolution calling for ceasefire and withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza. In 1979 the United States abstained on a resolution, when the council said Israeli settlements “have no legal validity and constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.” . On December 24, the U.S. Assistant Project Employment. did in fact abstain from Resume Samples Samples, voting, and thereby allowed the UN Security Council resolution to pass. UN Security Council Resolution 2334 . whose passage was made possible by the U.S. Assistant Project Portal. abstention ordered by 7 Best Images On Pinterest, President Obama from Hawaii, is not just shameful, unfair, unbalanced, or destructive. It’s barbaric. Only in one clausewhich is in the preamble, which has less force than the body of the textdoes the resolution explicitly call on Palestinians to do anything. The preamble calls on “the Palestinian Authority Security Forces to maintain effective operations aimed at confronting all those engaged in terror and Assistant Employment Portal, dismantling terrorist capabilities.” In contrast, five full clauses in the body of the text portray Israel as a rogue state engaged in endemic criminality. These clauses call “the establishment by Israel of settlements in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalema flagrant violation under international law” and demand “that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem.” But if even “East Jerusalem” is off limits to Israeli Jews, thenas pointed out by Alan Dershowitz, who was for years a center-left supporter of Obama: Under this resolution, the access roads that opened up Hebrew University to Jewish and It Manager Resume Samples | Resume, Arab students and the Hadassah Hospital to Jewish and Arab patients are illegal, as are all the rebuilt synagoguesdestroyed by Jordanin the ancient Jewish Quarter of the Old City. And . Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment. “illegal,” too, are the Chanukah candle-lighting ceremonies at the Western Wallanother “East Jerusalem” site that Israel has extensively refurbished.

Then comes the “balance.” The sixth clause “Callsto prevent all acts of School Images On Pinterest violence against civilians, including acts of terrorand calls for compliance with obligations under international law for the strengthening of ongoing efforts to combat terrorism.” Terrorism and Manager Employment Portal, acts of violence by whom? It doesn’t say. The only reasonable inference is that both sides engage in violence and terror. In reality, Israel’s security forces report that in 2016 they thwarted 180 Palestinian shooting attacks in the West Bank alone.

The resolution’s seventh clause is more explicit; it “Calls upon both partiesto refrain from provocative actions, incitement and inflammatory rhetoric.” To sum up, then, five clauses excoriate Israel as a usurper and land thief; one clause calls for an end to terror without naming anyone as responsible for it, indicating that both sides must be; one clause calls on “both parties” to put an end to incitement. The resolution, in Order X 5.5" other words, goes far beyond the longstanding practice of drawing moral equivalence between Palestinian terror and Israeli “settlements.” Apart from one allusion in Project | Tayoa Employment the preamble, it gingerly sidesteps the issue of Palestinian terror and Resume Template 14 Free Resume, incitement to terror. It seems not to want to Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, offend the Palestinians. It openly delivers, however, a broadside against Israel for building homes, hospitals, synagogues, schools, and so on in land that the resolution wants to be Judenrein . Nowhere does the resolution mention that, according to international documents to which the United States is a signatoryincluding UN Security Council Resolution 242 and Resume Samples | Resume Samples, the Oslo accordsthe land in question is designated as disputed land subject to Manager | Tayoa Portal, final-status negotiations. According to It Manager Samples | Resume Samples, the resolution, there would be nothing to negotiate about. It’s all “occupied Palestinian territory”including Judaism’s most sacred sites.

Netanyahu Says Israel Has Unequivocal Evidence That The Obama Administration Led the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal UN Initiative of December 23. On Tuesday, January 10, 2017, CNS News reported: Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu on Tuesday ratcheted up the Rediform Purchase Order Form - 2 X 5.5" dispute with the outgoing administration over last month’s U.N. Security Council resolution condemning Israel, saying Israel has “unequivocal evidence” that it had led the initiative. “We have unequivocal evidence that the Security Council resolution passed in the U.N. against Israel was led by the administration,” Netanyahu told a visiting AIPAC delegation. “There’s no question whatsoever about that none whatsoever.” The [Obama] administration has adamantly denied that it drafted or played a key behind-the-scenes role in getting resolution 2334 presented for a vote. Adopted by the council on December 23 after the administration chose to abstain rather than use its veto the measure condemns Israeli settlements in areas captured by Israel in Assistant Manager | Tayoa the 1967 Six Day War, and claimed by Projects Images, the Palestinians for a future independent state. It declares eastern Jerusalem, including Judaism’s most sacred site, to be “Palestinian territory” and “occupied Palestinian territory,” and Assistant Portal, calls Israeli presence there “a flagrant violation under international law.” . Netanyahu on Tuesday disputed the claim that resolution 2334 “just reformulates the things that were said by Awesome Evaluation Pictures Examples, all previous administrations.” On the contrary, he said, it marked a “major break with U.S. policy.” Netanyahu then quoted a statement from the last Democratic administration, clearly rejecting on behalf of the U.S. government the notion that territory concerned is “occupied Palestinian territory.” At a Security Council session considering a resolution on the Israeli-Palestinian issue in March 1994, then-U.S. ambassador to the U.N. (later secretary of Assistant Project Manager Employment state) Madeleine Albright said: “We oppose the specific references to Jerusalem in this resolution and Salon Gift, will continue to oppose its insertion in future resolutions.” “We simply do not support the description of the territories occupied by Israel in the 1967 war as ‘occupied Palestinian territory,’” Albright said. Obama Sends $221 Milion to Palestinians on His Final Day As President.

Officials say the Obama administration in its waning hours defied Republican opposition and quietly released $221 million to Project Manager, the Palestinian Authority that GOP members of Congress had been blocking. A State Department official and several congressional aides said the outgoing administration formally notified Congress it would spend the Professional Resume Template money Friday morning. The official said former Secretary of | Tayoa Portal State John Kerry had informed some lawmakers of the Rediform Form - 7.87" move shortly before he left the State Department for the last time Thursday. The aides said written notification dated Jan. 20 was sent to Congress just hours before Donald Trump took the oath of office. In addition to the $221 million for the Palestinians, the Obama administration also told Congress on Friday it was going ahead with the release of another $6 million in foreign affairs spending, including $4 million for climate change programs and $1.25 million for U.N. organizations, the congressional aides said. The aides and the State Department official weren't authorized to Project | Tayoa Portal, speak publicly on the matter and 3 Risk Matrix, demanded anonymity. Congress had initially approved the Palestinian funding in budget years 2015 and 2016, but at least two GOP lawmakers - Ed Royce of California, the chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Kay Granger of Texas, who sits on the House Appropriations Committee - had placed holds on it over moves the Assistant Employment Portal Palestinian Authority had taken to seek membership in international organizations.

Congressional holds are generally respected by the executive branch but are not legally binding after funds have been allocated. The Obama administration had for Awesome Charity some time been pressing for the release of the money for the Palestinian Authority, which comes from the Project | Tayoa U.S. 3 Risk. Agency for International Development and is to Employment Portal, be used for humanitarian aid in the West Bank and Gaza, to support political and security reforms as well as help prepare for good governance and the rule of law in a future Palestinian state, according to Evaluation - Best For, the notification sent to Congress. By Steve Baldwin. December 28, 2016. By David Horowitz and Assistant | Tayoa, Jacob Laksin. By Stanley Kurtz. By Rachel Neuwirth. October 24, 2008.

By The Editors of Commentary. By P. David Hornik. December 5, 2011. September 14, 2011. By Caroline Glick. September 7, 2011. By Caroline Glick. By Daniel Greenfield. February 13, 2014. By Eytan Gilboa. By Charles Krauthammer.

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alan willner resume National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117583. Tel: 65-6515-3590 Fax: 65-6779-1103. ? 14 years of research on photonics, including: diffractive optical devices, integrated micro/nano optical devices, optical interconnects, fiber-optical devices and subsystems, optical sensors, and high-speed WDM optical communication systems and networks. Assistant | Tayoa Portal! ? Ph.D. in 3 X 3 Risk Electrical Engineering, Univ. of Southern California, USA, 2005. Dissertation: #8220;Dispersive and Nonlinear Effects in High-Speed Reconfigurable WDM Optical Fiber Communication Systems#8221; (Advisor: Dr. Alan E. Willner) ? Master of Science in Electrical Computer Engineering, Univ. of Miami, USA, 1999. Thesis: #8220;Flat-Top and Non-Diffracting Beam Shaping Using Phase-Only Diffractive Optical Elements#8221; ? Bachelor of Science in Applied Physics and Bachelor of Manager | Tayoa Portal, Economics in Enterprise Management, Tsinghua Univ., China, 1997. Thesis: #8220;Excitons in Quantum Dot of II-VI Semiconductor#8221; ? Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore ( Assistant professor , 12/2005-present) ? A*STAR Institute for Infocomm Research ( 25% Joint Staff , 12/2005-present) ? NEC Labs America ( Visiting researcher , 9/2005-12/2005) ? Optical Communications Lab, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, University of Matrix, Southern California ( Research and teaching assistant , 8/2000-8/2005) ? Electro-Optics Micro-Devices Lab, Dept. of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment, Electrical Computer Engineering, University of Miami ( Research and teaching assistant , 8/1997-5/2000) RECENT RESEARCH PROJECTS (2006-present, with supporting fund over 2 million Singapore dollars; 1 Singapore dollar=0.8 US dollar)

? Application of Form - 2 X 5.5" -, photonic integrated circuits in optical communication networks (PI, NUS Research Institute at Suzhou, 2011. ? OPM for Smart Optical Networks based on RF Analysis with Optical Filtering (PI, MOE AcRF, 2011. Manager Employment Portal! ? The applications of digital signal processing in 100-Gbit/s coherent optical communication systems (PI, A*STAR SERC PSF, 2009. ? General research on fiber optics and optical communications (PI, Gift Donation from NEC Labs America, 2009) ? Autocorrelator for optical pulses based on measurement of polarization effects (PI, MOE AcRF, 2007. ? Multi-channel wavelength-tunable short pulses generation in ultra high-speed optical systems (PI, MOE AcRF, 2006. ? Visible light communications (Co-PI, A*STAR HOME2015, 2010. ? Small-footprint semiconductor optical transmitter for RZ transmission systems (Co-PI, MOE AcRF, 2008. ? Fabrication and testing of fiber optic hydrophones and Charity - Best arrays (Collaborator, A*STAR, 2007. ? Distributed temperature and strain sensor (Collaborator, A*STAR, 2006. PREVIOUS RESEARCH PROJECTS (1997-2005): ? High-special-efficiency DWDM optical fiber transmission systems (2005) ? Tunable delay line based on slow light in fiber (2004. ? Realization and application of high speed all-optical logic gates, all-optical wavelength conversion and Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa optical parametric amplification by fiber nonlinear effects (2002. ? High speed short pulse train generation using phase modulator and PM fiber (2004. ? Supercontinuum generation and Order Part - 7.87" multicasting in Assistant Project Employment optical WDM networks (2004) ? Extending the 3 X Matrix, transmission distance of directly modulated DFB laser system (2004) ? Monitoring and compensation of chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in high speed WDM optical fiber transmission systems (2000. ? Development of Labview-based beam profiler (1999. ? Fabrication of holographic devices on ion-exchanged photo-chromic glass for optical interconnects and optical storage (1999. ? High density nondiffracting beam array for optical interconnection (1997. ? Fabrication of waveguide on HEBS glass by laser-writing assisted etching technique for chip-to-chip optical interconnects (1997. Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal! ? Flat-top beam shaper fabricated by a non-lithographic technique (1997. ? EE4114 #8220;Optical Communications#8221; (2010. ? EE3407 #8220;Analog Electronics#8221; (2007. ? ESP1104 #8220;Introduction to Electronic Systems#8221; (2007. ? EE3208 #8220;Embedded Computer Systems Design#8221; (2006) ? Research students supervised: ? Currently supervising 5 Ph.D. students (HU Junhao, ZHANG Hongyu, CAO Shengjiao, XU Zhuoran, YU Yi), and 1 M.Sc. student (Prasanna Caliaperoumal) ? Graduated Ph.D. students: ZHANG Shaoliang, #8220;Coherent phase-modulated optical fiber communications with linear and nonlinear phase noise,#8221; 01/2011. YANG Jing, #8220;Fiber physical efforts in high-speed optical communication networks and fiber sensor systems,#8221; 08/2010. ? Graduated M.Sc. 7 Best! students: Raju Gottumukkala, #8220;Dispersion monitoring based on RF spectrum analysis with optical filtering in high-speed optical communication systems,#8221; 12/2010. YU Yi, #8220;Filtering effects in high-speed differential phase-shift keying optical communication systems,#8221; 12/2009. HAN Xue, #8220;Comparison of Assistant Manager, modulation formats in 42.8-Gbit/s WDM fiber-optic communication systems,#8221; 05/2009. LI Xiaojing, #8220;Pilot-aided maximum likehood phase estimation in optical M -ary phase-shift keying system,#8221; 12/2008.

? Graduated FYP students: REN Shirui, #8220;Receiver design of white LED wireless communication system,#8221; 05/2011. Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Resume Examples For! TAN Hou Hock, #8220;White LED lighting and visible light communication transmitter,#8221; 05/2011. LIM Yu Ting, #8220;A visible light communication system enabled by power line modem,#8221; 05/2011. LI Yuanfeng, #8220;Visible light communication transmitter based on white LED,#8221; 05/2011. LU Huan Xun, #8220;A visible light communication system using LED with power line modem,#8221; 05/2011. Manager Employment! XU Fang, #8220;Optical performance monitoring in high-speed fiber communication systems,#8221; 05/2011. YANG Kai, #8220;Investigation of transmission distance improvement over standard single-mode fiber for 10-Gb/s chirped directly-modulated system,#8221; 05/2010. CHEE Kang Wei, #8220;PMD monitoring for high-speed optical communication systems based on It Manager Samples | Resume Samples, power measurement of RF tone,#8221; 05/2009.

V. Assistant Project! M. Ramkumar, #8220;Investigation of polymer optical fiber for Form, high data rate and short range communication,#8221; 05/2008. Assistant Manager Employment! XING Rui, #8220;Quantum-dots based biosensor project development of a graphic interface as part of the software package for the urine analysis device,#8221; 05/2008. 3 Risk Matrix! ? Member, Optical Society of America (OSA) ? Member, IEEE Photonics Society (IEEE/PS) ? Founding secretary and committee member, OSA Singapore Chapter (2010. ? Student activity chair and committee member, IEEE Singapore Section (2011. ? Committee member, IEEE/PS Singapore Chapter (2007. ? Supervisor, the Student Branch of IEEE/PS Singapore Chapter (2009. ? Chair, IEEE/PS Singapore Chapter (2010, won Best Chapter Award from IEEE Singapore Session, and Largest Membership Increase Chapter Award from Project Manager | Tayoa IEEE/PS) ? Co-chair, Working Group 1 (WG1) of Telecommunications Standards Technical Committee (TSTC) for Infocomm Development Authority (IDA) of Singapore: to define the 3 Risk Matrix, standards of the physical layer for the next generation broadband network in Singapore (2009. ? Technical program committee member, 10th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) 2011. ? Technical program committee member, 8th International Conference on Information, Communications and Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal Signal Processing (ICICS) 2011. ? Technical program committee member, Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Pretty Ideas Resume Word 14 Free Exhibition (ACP) 2011. ? Technical program committee member, IEEE SENSORS Conference 2011. ? Technical program committee member, International Conference on Optical Instrument and Technology (OIT) 2011. ? Technical program co-chair, International Conference on Assistant Project Employment, Information Photonics Optical Communications (IPOC) 2011. ? Publicity chair and technical program member, IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) 2011. ? Invited speaker on #8220;High Speed Optical Fiber Communications#8221;, Discover Optics 2011, an Professional Word 14 Free, educational event for students from junior colleges, jointly organized by OSA Singapore Chapter and IEEE/PS Chapter. ? Local arrangement chair and Manager Portal symposium co-chair on optical communication and networks, IEEE Photonics Global Conference (PGC) 2010. ? Honorary conference chair, 1st Postgraduate Student Conference (PGSC) 2010. ? Technical program co-chair, 12th IEEE International Conference on Pretty 14 Free Resume, Communication Systems (ICCS) 2010. ? Technical program committee member, Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP) 2010. ? Conference co-chair on optical transmission, 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) 2010. Assistant Employment Portal! ? Judge, Junior Talent Development Program, Singapore, 2010. ? Technical program committee member, International Conference on Optical Communication Systems (OPTICS) 2010. ? Technical program committee member, 7th IEEE VTS Asia Pacific Wireless Communications Symposium (APWCS) 2010. ? Honorary conference chair, 1st IEEE/PS Singapore chapter Best Student Paper Award Competition (BSPA) 2009. ? Technical program committee member, Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP) 2009. ? Technical program committee member, 8th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) 2009. ? Co-chair of Symposium P (Fiber Optical Devices and Applications), 5th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT) 2009. Awesome Pictures Resume Examples For! ? Technical program committee member and section chair, Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2009. ? Technical program committee member, 11th IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS) 2008. ? Organizing committee member and technical program committee member, 7th International Conference on Optical Communications and Assistant | Tayoa Portal Networks (ICOCN) 2008. ? Organizing committee member and technical program committee member, IEEE Photonics Global Conference (PGC) 2008. ? Technical program committee member and section chair, Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2008. ? Section chair, 6th International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing (ICICS) 2007. ? Technical program committee member and Samples section chair, 10th IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS) 2006. Assistant Manager Portal! ? Vice president, Friendship Club of China in University of Awesome Charity Pictures Examples For, Miami, 1997-1999.

? Reviewer for IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, IEEE Transaction on Communications, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Optics Letters, Optics Express, Optics Communications, Optics Engineering, IEE Electronics Letters, Journal of Project | Tayoa, Computer Communications, and a few international conferences. Ms Word Gift Templates! ? Shaoliang Zhang (Ph.D. student), IEEE Photonics Society Graduate Student Fellowship Award 2010 (10 winners from Manager Portal all over the world), which is a top honor for Purchase Order Form Part X 5.5", the graduate students in IEEE Photonics Society, reported in the IEEE Photonics Society website and also the IEEE Photonics Society newsletters. ? Jing Yang (Ph.D. student), Best Student Paper Award (for the paper #8220;CD insensitive PMD monitoring for Assistant Manager | Tayoa, different modulation formats based on RF tone power measurement using an FBG notch filter#8221; co-authored by J. Yang, K.W.L. Chee, and C. Yu), 7th International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing (ICICS) 2009, Macau, December 8-10, 2009. ? Junhao Hu (Ph.D. student), Best Student Presentation Award Honorable Mention (for the paper #8220;Long distance fiber Bragg grating sensor system based on Erbium-doped fiber and Raman amplification#8221; co-authored by Purchase Form Part - 7.87" X 5.5" J. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment! Hu, Z. Chen, X. Yang, J. 3 X! Ng, and C. Yu), Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP) 2009, Shanghai, November 2-6, 2009. ? Jing Yang (Ph.D. student), Certificate of Merits (for the paper #8220;Multi-channel 80-GHz pulse train generation based on Assistant Manager Employment Portal, four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber#8221; co-authored by J. Yang, J. Hu, C. Yu, Y.K. Resume Samples | Resume! Yeo, and Y. Wang), OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2009, Hong Kong, July 13-17, 2009. ? Best Paper Award (for the paper #8220;Polarization Insensitivity Optic Distributed Strain Sensing System Based on Project Employment, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering#8221; co-authored by J. Yang, C. Professional Resume Word 14 Free! Yu, Z. Chen, J. Ng, and X. Yang), Symposium P (Fiber Optical Devices and Applications), the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, 5th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT) 2009, Singapore, June 28-July 3, 2009. ? Marquis #8220;Who#8217;s Who in the world#8221;, 2009. ? Academic Achievement Award, Univ. of Southern California, 2005. ? IEEE/LEOS (now IEEE Photonics Society) Graduate Student Fellowship Award, 2004 (12 winners from Pretty Resume Word all over the world) ? Teaching and Research Assistant Scholarship, Univ. of Southern California, 2000- 2005. ? Award of Project Manager | Tayoa, Academic Merit, Graduate School of Resume Samples | Resume Samples, Univ. of Miami, 1999. ? #8220;Who#8217;s Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges#8221;, 1999. ? Teaching and Research Assistant Scholarship, Univ. of Miami, 1997- 2000. ? Outstanding Student Scholarship, Tsinghua Univ., 1992-1996. ? U.S. Pat. Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa! # 6,646,774 (Co-inventors: Z. Pan, Y. Wang, T. 3 Risk! Luo, A.B. Sahin, Q. Assistant Project! Yu, and A.E. Willner), #8220;Intra-bit polarization diversity modulation for PMD mitigation,#8221; Issued on November 11, 2003. PUBLICATIONS (with over 400 citations, h-index=11): 1. C. Yu , #8220;Polarization mode dispersion monitoring,#8221; Optical Performance Monitoring: Advanced Techniques for Next-Generation Photonic Networks , Calvin C. K. Chan, editor, Academic Press, Elsevier Inc., 2010, ISBN: 978-0123749505.

2. Pretty Ideas Template Word! A.E. Willner, C. Yu , Z. Pan, and Y. Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal! Xie, #8220;WDM fiber optic communication networks,#8221; Handbook of Optics , 3 rd Edition, Vol. V, M. Bass, C.M. DeCusatis, J.M. Ideas Resume Word Resume! Enoch, V. Manager Portal! Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V.N. Mahajan, E. Van Stryland, editors, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2009, ISBN: 978-0071633130.

3. A.E. Willner, Z. Pretty Professional Resume! Pan, and C. Project | Tayoa! Yu , #8220;Optical performance monitoring,#8221; Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB , Ivan P. Kaminow, Tingye Li, and Alan E. Charity Pictures Resume! Willner, editors, Academic Press, Elsevier Inc., 2008, ISBN: 978-0123741721. 4. C. Yu , #8220;Comparison of advanced modulation formats for 40-Gbit/s DWDM optical fiber transmission systems with 50-GHz channel spacing,#8221; Advanced Technologies for High-Speed Optical Communications , Lei Xu, editor, Research Signpost, 2007, ISBN: 813080171X. 5. J. Yang, C. Yu , Y. Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal! Yang, L. Cheng, Z. Li, C. Lu, A.P.T. Template Word 14 Free! Lau, H.Y.

Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;PMD-insensitive CD monitoring based on RF clock power ratio measurement with optical notch filter,#8221; accepted by IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 6. Z. Wang, C. Yu , W. Assistant Employment Portal! Zhong, and J. Chen, #8220;Performance Improvement by Tilting Receiver Plane in M-QAM OFDM Visible Light Communications,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 19, no. 14, pp. Ideas Template Resume! 1341813427, July 2011. 7. S. Zhang, L. Xu, P.Y. Kam, C. Yu , J. Chen, and T. Wang, #8220;A performance investigation of adaptive phase estimations in Assistant Manager Employment Portal coherent optical communications,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 23, no.

8, pp. 462 - 464, April 2011. 8. B. Pretty Ideas Professional Resume Template Word Resume! Dong, J. Hu, C. Liaw, J. Hao, and C. Yu , #8220;Wideband-tunable nanotube Q-switched low threshold erbium doped fiber laser,#8221; Applied Optics , vol. Assistant Portal! 50, no. 10, pp. Salon Gift | Word! 1442-1445, March 2011. Project Manager | Tayoa! 9. Form - 2 X 5.5"! J. Yang, C. Yu , L. Cheng, Z. Li, C. Lu, A.P.T.

Lau, H.Y. Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;CD-insensitive PMD monitoring based on RF power measurement,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 19, no. 2, pp. Project Employment Portal! 1354-1359, January 2011. 10. J. Hu, and C. Yu , #8220;Low power autocorrelation technique based on the degree-of-polarization measurement,#8221; Optics Communications , vol. 283, no. Pretty Ideas Resume Template! 24, pp. 4928-4932, December 2010.

11. T.S.R. Assistant Manager Employment! Shen, A.P.T. Lau, and C. Yu , #8220;Simultaneous and independent multi-parameter monitoring with fault localization for DSP-based coherent communication systems,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 23608-23619, November 2010.

12. J. Hu, Z. Chen, X. Yang, J. Ng, and C. Awesome Pictures Examples! Yu , #8220;100-km Long Distance Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor System Based on Erbium Doped Fiber and Raman Amplification,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 22, no. 19, pp. Project | Tayoa Portal! 1422 - 1424, October 2010. 13. S. -! Zhang, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment J. Chen, #8220;Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical communications,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol.

28, no. 11, pp. 1597 1607, June 2010. 14. Template Word Resume! Z. Li, C. Yu , Y. Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa! Dong, L. Salon Gift Template! Cheng, L.F.K. Lui, C. Lu, A.P.T. | Tayoa Portal! Lau, H.Y. Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;Linear photonic radio frequency phase shifter using a differential-group-delay element and School an optical phase modulator,#8221; Optics Letters , vol. 35, pp.

1881-1883, May 2010. Manager! 15. S. Zhang, P. Y. Kam, C. 3 Risk! Yu , and J. Chen, #8220;Bit-error rate performance of coherent optical M -ary PSK and 16-QAM using decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 12088 12103, May 2010.

16. S. Zhang, L. Xu, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and T. Wang, #8220;Dual-stage cascaded frequency offset estimation for Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, digital coherent receivers,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. Ideas Template! 22, no. 6, pp. 401-403, March 2010. Employment Portal! 17. 3 Risk! S. Zhang, X. Li, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and J. Project Manager | Tayoa Portal! Chen, #8220;Pilot-assisted, decision-aided, maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent optical phase-modulated systems with nonlinear phase noise,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 22, no.

6, pp. 380-382, March 2010. 19. Z. Li, Z. Jian, L. Cheng, Y. 3 X Matrix! Yang, C. Assistant Project Manager Employment! Lu, A.P.T. Lau, C. Yu , H.-Y. Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;Signed chromatic dispersion monitoring of 100Gbit/s CS-RZ DQPSK signal by evaluating the asymmetry ratio of delay tap sampling,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 18, pp. 3149-3157, February 2010.

20. 3 Risk! Z. Pan, C. Yu , and A.E. Willner, #8220;Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,#8221; Optical Fiber Technology , vol. 16, pp. 20-45, January 2010.

21. S. Zhang, C. Yu , P.Y. Kam, and Manager Employment J. Chen, #8220;Parallel implementation of decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent M-ary phase-shift keying systems,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 21, pp. 1471-1473, October 2009. 22. S. Zhang, P.Y. Kam, C. Yu , and J. Chen, #8220;Laser linewidth tolerance of decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent optical M-ary PSK and QAM systems,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 21, pp. It Manager Resume Samples | Resume! 1075-1077, August 2009. 23.

C. Manager Portal! Yu , Y. Order - 7.87"! Wang, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, B. Zhang, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Carrier-suppressed 160-GHz pulse-train generation using a 40-GHz phase modulator with polarization-maintaining fiber,#8221; Optics Letters , vol. 34, pp. 1657-1659, June 2009. Assistant | Tayoa! 24. J. Yang, C. Yu , Z. Chen, J. Ng and X. Yang, #8220;Suppression of Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples For, polarisation-induced signal fluctuation in Manager | Tayoa Portal optic distributed sensing system based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,#8221; Electronics Letters , vol. 45, pp. 154-156, January 2009.

25. S. Zhang, P.Y. Kam, J. Chen, and C. Yu , #8220;Decision-aided maximum likelihood detection in coherent optical phase-shift-keying system,#8221; Optics Express , vol. 17, pp. 703-715, January 2009. 26.

G.J. Pendock, X. Yi, C. Yu , and W. Shieh, #8220;Dispersion-monitoring in WDM systems by injecting modulated ASE,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 7 Best School Images On Pinterest! 20, pp. Project Manager Employment Portal! 821 - 823, May 2008. 27. L. Zhang, T. Luo Y. Yue, C. Yu , and A.E. It Manager Resume! Willner, #8220;Photosensitivity-enabled dispersion controllability for quasi-phase-matching in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal photonic crystal fibers,#8221; Optics Letters , vol.

32, pp. 3498-3500, December 2007. 28. L. Zhang, T. Luo, C. Yu , W. Zhang, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Pattern dependence of data distortion in slow-light elements,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol. 25, pp. 1754-1760, July 2007. 29.

Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu , #8220;Ultrahigh-speed optical pulse generation using a phase modulator and two stages of delayed Mach-Zehnder interferometers,#8221; Optical Engineering , vol. 46, Paper 075001, pp. 1-3, July 2007. 30. Y. Wang, C. 7 Best School Projects! Yu , L.-S. Yan, A.E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Assistant Project Manager! Langrock, M.M. Matrix! Fejer, Y. Okawachi, J.E. Sharping, and A.L. Gaeta, #8220;44-ns continuously-tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with a two pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol.

19, pp. 861-863, June 2007. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal! 31. C. Yu , Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Charity Evaluation - Best Resume Examples! Christen, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 19, pp.

42-44, January 2007. 32. C. Yu , T. Luo, L. Assistant Project Manager Portal! Zhang, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Data pulse distortion induced by a slow light tunable delay line in optical fiber,#8221; Optics Letters , vol. 32, pp.

20-22, January 2007. 33. C. Yu , T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J.E. McGeehan, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Wavelength-shift-free 3R regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ system by optical parametric amplification in fiber,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol.

18, pp. 2569-2571, December 2006. 34. Ms Word | Word & Excel Templates! T. Luo, C. Yu , L.-S. Yan, S. Project | Tayoa Employment! Kumar, Z. Pan, and A.E. Professional Template Word! Willner, #8220;Simple autocorrelation technique based on degree-of-polarization measurement,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 18, pp. 1606 - 1608, August 2006. 35. L.-S.

Yan, X.S. Yao, C. Yu , Y. Wang, L. Lin, Z. Chen, and A.E. Willner, #8220;High-speed and highly repeatable polarization-state analyzer for 40-Gb/s system performance monitoring,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 18, pp. 643 - 645, February 2006. 36. Manager! T. Luo, C. Yu , Z. Pan, Y. Wang, J.E. McGeehan, M. Adler, and A.E. Willner , #8220;All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal by measuring the XPM-generated optical tone power in a highly nonlinear fiber,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol.

18, pp. 430 - 432, January 2006. 37. L. Zhang, C. Yang, C. Yu , T. Luo, and A.E. Willner, #8220;PCF-based polarization splitters with simplified structures,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol. 23, pp. Ms Word Salon Gift Template | Word! 3558 - 3565, November 2005. 38. T. Luo, C. Manager | Tayoa! Yu , Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Arieli, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Dispersive effects monitoring for RZ data by adding a frequency-shifted carrier along the orthogonal polarization state,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol. 23, pp.

3295 - 3301, October 2005. 39. Y. Kids Projects Images On Pinterest! Wang, C. Yu , T. Luo, Z. Pan, L.-S. Yan, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally polarized fiber FWM,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol.

23, pp. 3331 - 3338, October 2005. 40. L.-S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Project Manager Portal! Zhang, C. Yu , J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering,#8221; Optics Express , vol. Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5" -! 13, pp. 5106-5115, June 2005. 41. L.-S.

Yan, C. Yu , Y. Wang, T. Luo, L. Paraschis, and A.E. Willner, #8220;40-Gbit/s transmission over 25-km of negative-dispersion fiber using narrowband filtering of a commercial directly modulated DFB laser,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 17, pp. 1322-1324, June 2005. 42. C. Yu , L. Christen, T. Luo, Y. Wang, Z. Pan, L.-S. Yan, and A.E. Willner, #8220;All-optical XOR gate using polarization rotation in single highlynonlinear fiber,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 17, pp. 1232-1234, June 2005. 43.

C. Yu , L.-S. Project Portal! Yan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, Z. Pan, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Width-tunable optical RZ pulse train generation based on four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fiber,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 17, pp. 636-638, March 2005. 44. Z. Pan, Y.W. Song, C. Yu , Y. Wang, and A.E.

Willner, #8220;Using sampled nonlinearly-chirped fiber Bragg gratings to achieve 40-Gbit/s tunable multi-channel dispersion compensation,#8221; Optics Communications , vol. 241, pp. Ms Word Salon Gift Certificate Template & Excel! 371-375, November 2004. Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal! 45. C. 3 X 3 Risk Matrix! Yu , Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y.W.

Song, D. Gurkan, M.C. Hauer, D. Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal! Starodubov and A.E. Willner, #8220;Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion using dispersion-shifted fiber with a fiber Bragg grating and a Faraday rotator mirror,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 16, pp. 1906 - 1908, August 2004. 46. S.M.R. Motaghian Nezam, Y.W. Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Resume Examples For! Song, C. Yu , J. Assistant Project Manager Employment! McGeehan, A.B.

Sahin, and A.E. Willner, #8220;First order PMD monitoring for Ms Word Salon Certificate Template, NRZ data using optical clock regeneration techniques,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, Lightwave Technology , vol. Samples! 22, pp. 1086 - 1093, April 2004. Assistant Portal! 47. C. Yu , Q. Rediform Purchase Order Part -! Yu, Z. Project Manager | Tayoa! Pan, A.B. Salon & Excel! Sahin, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Optically compensating the Project Manager Employment, PMD-induced RF power fading for single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed systems,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. Rediform Order Part - 7.87" X 5.5"! 16, pp. 341 343, January 2004.

48. Z. Pan, Y.W. Song, C. Yu , Y. Wang, Q. Yu, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, and A.E. Manager | Tayoa Portal! Willner, #8220;Tunable chromatic dispersion compensation in 40-Gb/s systems using nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol. 20, pp. 2239 2246, December 2002. 49.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S.M.R. Motaghian Nezam, C. Yu , Y. Wang, D. Evaluation! Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J.E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings,#8221; IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology , vol.

20, pp. 2259 2266, December 2002. | Tayoa Employment! 50. Z. Pan, Y. Wang, C. Yu , T. Luo, A.B. Sahin, Q. Yu, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Intrabit polarization diversity modulation for the mitigation of PMD effects,#8221; IEEE Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 14, pp. - 2 Part! 1466 1468, October 2002. 51.

M.R. Wang, C. Yu , and A.J. Varela, #8220;Efficient pseudo-non-diffracting beam shaping using a quasi-continuous phase diffractive element,#8221; Optical Engineering , vol. 40, pp. 517-524, April 2001. 52. C. Yu , M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Assistant Project! Chen, #8220;High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection,#8221; Optics Communications , vol. 177, pp.

369-376, April 2000. Gift Template! 53. Project! X.H. Guang, M.R. Wang, and C. Yu , #8220;High-efficiency flat-top beam shaper fabricated by a nonlithographic technique,#8221; Optical Engineering , vol. 38, pp. 208-213, February 1999. 54. C. Yu , P.Y. Kam, S. Zhang and J. Chen, #8220;Phase and frequency offset estimation in coherent optical fiber communication systems,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2011 , Paper 7B2_1, pp.

1-2, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 4-8, 2011 (Invited) 55. S. Cao, C. Yu , and Template P.Y. Kam, #8220;Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,#8221; OptoElectronics and Manager Employment Communications Conference (OECC) 2011 , Paper 7B2_3, pp. 1-2, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 4-8, 2011. It Manager | Resume! 56. Project | Tayoa Employment Portal! Z. Xu, S. Zhang, P.Y. Kam, and C. Yu , #8220;On the performance of decision-aided maximum likelihood and its adaptive phase estimation with nonlinear phase noise,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2011 , Paper 6B3_3, pp. 1-2, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 4-8, 2011.

57. H. Zhang, C. Yu , and P.Y. Kam, #8220;Optimal ring ratio of 16-Star quadrature amplitude modulation in coherent optical communication systems,#8221; OptoElectronics and Pretty Template Word Resume Communications Conference (OECC) 2011 , Paper 7P3_030, pp. 1-2, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 4-8, 2011. Assistant Project Manager! 58. C. Yu , P.Y. Kam, S. Zhang and J. Chen, #8220;Carrier recovery based on digital signal processing in coherent optical fiber communication systems,#8221; International Symposium on Photonics Optical Communications (SPOC) 2011 , Paper 6.3, pp. 1, Chengdu, China, July 1-3, 2011 (Invited) 59. J. Hu, J. Yang, F. Xu, and C. Yu , #8220;Chromatic dispersion monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signal with low bandwidth detector by Ms Word Salon evaluating the amplitude ratio of delay tap sampling,#8221; 3 rd International High Speed Intelligent Communication Forum (HSIC) 2011 , Paper 14, pp. 1, Hong Kong, May 30-31, 2011.

60. J. Hu, Z. Chen, J.T. Teo, and C. Assistant | Tayoa! Yu , #8220;100-km long distance FBG vibration sensor based on matching filter demodulation,#8221; 21 st International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors (OFS) 2011 , Proceedings of 7 Best School Projects, SPIE, vol. 7753, 77538N, pp. 1-4, Ottawa, Canada, May 15-19, 2011. Assistant | Tayoa! 61. 3 X Matrix! S. Zhang, L. Xu, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and T. Wang, #8220;Study on the performance of decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation with a forgetting factor,#8221; Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) 2011 , Paper JWA022, pp. 1-3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, March 6-10, 2011. 62. J. Yang, C. Yu , and Z. Li, #8220;PMD insensitive CD monitoring based on RF power ratio measurement utilizing FBG filter,#8221; IEEE Photonics Global Conference (PGC) 2010 , Paper 2-2F-5, pp.

1-5, Singapore, December 14-16, 2010. 63. Assistant Project Employment Portal! Z. Wang, W. Zhong, S. Samples! Zhang, C. Yu , and Assistant | Tayoa Y. Ding, #8220;Performance evaluation of 3 Risk, OOK free-space optical transmission system with dynamic decision threshold and coherent detection,#8221; IEEE Photonics Global Conference (PGC) 2010 , Paper 3-1F-4, pp. 1-5, Singapore, December 14-16, 2010. 64. C. | Tayoa! Yu and J. Yang, #8220;CD and PMD monitoring based on RF spectrum analysis with optical filtering,#8221; Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP) 2010 , Paper FN1, pp. 1-8, Shanghai, China, December 8-12, 2010 (Invited) 65. J. Resume | Resume Samples! Yang, M. He, H. Lu, Z. Li, and C. Yu , #8220;Chromatic dispersion monitoring of DQPSK and Assistant | Tayoa Portal D8PSK signals based on delay-tap sampling technique,#8221; International Conference on Communications Systems (ICCS) 2010 , paper PM1-2-1-4, pp.

1-5, Singapore, November 17-19, 2010. 66. | Resume Samples! Z. Li, L. Cheng, C. Lu, and C. Yu , #8220;A novel dispersion monitoring scheme by evaluating eye diagram for 100Gbit/s CS-RZ DQPSK systems,#8221; International Conference on Communications Systems (ICCS) 2010 , paper PM1-2-1-2, pp. Project | Tayoa Employment Portal! 1-5, Singapore, November 17-19, 2010. 67. C. Yu , P.Y. Kam, S. Zhang and J. Chen, #8220;Phase estimation in coherent communication systems with semiconductor laser noises,#8221; Photonics Asia 2010 , Paper 7844-19, pp.

1-10, Beijing, China, October 18-20, 2010 (Invited) 68. H. Charity Evaluation - Best Examples! Lu, S. Zhang, C. Yu , and P.Y. Assistant Project! Kam, #8220;Impact of amplifier beat and nonlinear phase noises on coherent optical communication system,#8221; 9 th International Conference on Charity For, Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) 2010 , pp. Assistant Project Portal! 294-298, Nanjing, China, October 24-27, 2010. 69. S. Zhang, C. Yu , P.Y. Kids Projects On Pinterest! Kam, and J. Chen, #8220;Performance comparison between decision-aided maximum likelihood and adaptive decision-aided phase estimation,#8221; 9 th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) 2010 , pp. 253-257, Nanjing, China, October 24-27, 2010. 70. S. Zhang, L. Xu, P. Manager Employment Portal! Y. Kam, C. Yu , and Rediform Form - 2 - 7.87" - T. Wang, #8220;Performance investigation of the Assistant Portal, joint SPM compensation in a long-haul coherent dual-polarization QPSK system,#8221; Europe Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2010 , Paper P3.15, pp.

1-3 , Torino, Italy, September 19-23, 2010. 71. C. Order Form - 2 - 7.87" X 5.5"! Yu , J. Yang and J. Hu, #8220; Nonlinear fiber based processing for high speed optical communication and sensor systems ,#8221; IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meetings (SUM) 2010 , Paper TuC2-3, pp. 1-2, Playa del Carmen, Riviera Maya, Mexico, July 19-21, 2010 (Invited) 72. J. Yang, C. Yu , L. Assistant Employment! Cheng, Z. Li, and C. Samples | Resume Samples! Lu , #8220;PMD insensitive CD monitoring based on RF power ratio in D8PSK and DQPSK systems,#8221; 9 th International Conference on Assistant Project Employment Portal, Optical Internet (COIN) 2010 , Paper TuC3-3, pp. 1-4, Jeju, Korea, July 11-14, 2010. 73. Awesome Pictures Resume For! C. Yu , P.Y. Kam, S. Assistant Project Manager Employment! Zhang and J. Chen, #8220;Decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent communication systems,#8221; OptoElectronics and Resume Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 9B3-1, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010 (Invited) 74. Z. Manager Employment Portal! Li, C. Yu , L. Cheng, L.F.K.

Lui, C. 7 Best School! Lu, A.P.T. Lau, H.Y. Manager Portal! Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;Stable photonic RF phase shifter based on a polarization sensitive optical phase modulator,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 6D2-6, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010. 75. Kids Projects On Pinterest! S. Zhang, C. Project Manager Employment! Yu , P.Y.

Kam, and Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures Resume J. Chen, #8220;Optimizing the performance of normalized least-mean square phase estimation for digital coherent receivers,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 7P-16, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010. 76. H. Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment! Zhang, S. Zhang, P.Y. It Manager Samples! Kam, C. Yu , and J. Chen, #8220;Optimized phase error tolerance of 16-star quadrature amplitude modulation in coherent optical communication systems,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 8P-15, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010. 77. Y. Yu, H. Project Manager Employment Portal! Zhang, and Pretty Ideas Professional 14 Free Resume C. Yu , #8220;107-Gb/s WDM DQPSK Systems with 50 GHz Channel Spacing by Low-Crosstalk Demodulators,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 7P-23, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010. 78.

S. Shen, A.P.T. Lau, and C. Yu , #8220;Joint nonlinear parameters and OSNR monitoring for DSP-based coherent systems,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2010 , Paper 7P-20, pp. 1-2, Sapporo, Japan, July 5-9, 2010. Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment! 79. J. Hu, Z. Chen, X. Yang, J. Order Form -! Ng, and C. Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal! Yu , #8220;100-km long distance FBG vibration sensor,#8221; 2 nd Asia-Pacific Optical Sensors Conference (APOS) 2010 , Paper P0093, pp.

1-2, Guangzhou, China, June 28-30, 2010. 80. C. Yu , #8220;High speed optical pulse train generation and measurement in optical fiber communication systems,#8221; International High Speed Intelligent Communication Forum (HSIC) 2010 , Paper TR74.6, pp. 1-2, Singapore, May 13-14, 2010 (Invited) 81. J. Yang, and C. Yu , #8220;Broadband multi-wavelength light source generation using a single phase modulator in a loop,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2010 , Paper JThE56, pp.

1-2, San Jose, CA, USA. May 16-21, 2010. 82. J. Yang, C. Yu , L. Cheng, Z. Li, C. Template Word Resume! Lu, A.P.T. Lau, H.Y. Tam, and P.K.A. Wai, #8220;CD insensitive PMD monitoring by using FBG notch filter in 57-Gbit/s D8PSK and 38-Gbit/s DQPSK systems,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Assistant Portal Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2010 , Paper CThDD4, pp. 1-2, San Jose, CA, USA.

May 16-21, 2010. 83. S. Zhang, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and J. Chen, #8220;Frequency offset estimation using a Kalman filter in coherent optical phase-shift keying systems,#8221; Conference on Lasers and It Manager | Resume Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2010 , Paper CFC1, pp. 1-2, San Jose, CA, USA. May 16-21, 2010. 84. S. Zhang, L. Xu, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, P. Y. Kam, C. Yu , and T. Assistant Manager Employment Portal! Wang, #8220;Novel ultra wide-range frequency offset estimation for digital coherent optical receiver,#8221; Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) 2010 , Paper OMK1, pp. 1-3, San Diego, CA, USA, March 21-25, 2010. 85.

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90. J. Hu, C. Yu , #8220;An improved autocorrelation technique based on the degree-of-polarization measurement,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2009 , Paper ThM4, pp. 1-2, Hong Kong, July 13-17, 2009. 91. J. Yang, J. Hu, C. Yu , Y.K. Yeo, and Y. Wang, #8220;80-GHz multi-channel RZ pulse train generation based on XPM and FWM in Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal a nonlinear optical loop mirror,#8221; 5 th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT) 2009 , Paper P-S5.03, pp. 1-3, Singapore, June 28-July 3, 2009. Ms Word Salon Gift Template Templates! 92. Manager Employment! J. Yang, C. Yu , Z. Chen, J. Ng, and X. Yang, #8220;Polarization insensitivity optic distributed strain sensing system based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,#8221; 5 th International Conference on Rediform Purchase Form - 2 X 5.5" -, Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT) 2009 , P-S10.12, pp. 1-3, Singapore, June 28-July 3, 2009.

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Pendock, W. Shieh, X. Project Manager! Yi, and C. Yu , #8220;Measuring dispersion in WDM links with modulated background ASE,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2008 , Paper WeK-2, pp. 1-2, Sydney, Australia, July 7-10, 2008. 97. S. Resume Samples | Resume! Zhang, P.Y. Kam, J. Chen, and C. Yu , #8220;Adaptive decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent optical DQPSK system,#8221; OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2008 , Paper TuA-4, pp.

1-2, Sydney, Australia, July 7-10, 2008. Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal! 98. S. Zhang, P.Y. Kam, J. Chen, and C. Yu , #8220;Receiver sensitivity improvement using decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation in coherent optical DQPSK system with nonlinear phase noise,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2008 , Paper CthJJ2, pp. 1-2, San Jose, CA, USA, May 4-9, 2008. 99. C. Yu , #8220;Optical short pulse generation and measurement based on fiber polarization effects,#8221; 16 th Wireless and It Manager Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) 2008 , Paper Optical-11, pp. Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal! 66, Taichung, Taiwan, April 23-24, 2008 (Invited) 100. J. Yang, C. Yu , Z. Chen, J. Ng, and Charity Evaluation Examples X. Portal! Yang, #8220;Suppression of polarization sensitivity in BOTDA fiber distributed sensing system,#8221; 19 th International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors (OFS) 2008 , Proceedings of SPIE, vol. - 2 Part -! 7004, Paper 700421, pp.

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Wen, C. Yu , W. Rong, Y. Wang, and T.H. Cheng, #8220;Optimizing Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier based on dual-order stimulated Raman scattering of a single pump,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2007 , Paper JTuA63, pp. Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment! 1-2, Baltimore, MD, USA, May 6-11, 2007. 105. Y. Dong, Z. Li, C. Yu , Y.J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, W. Hu and Pretty Word T.H. Cheng, #8220;Generation of multi-channel short-pulse sources using nonlinear optical loop mirror based on photonic crystal fiber,#8221; Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) 2007 , Paper JWA9, pp. 1-3, Anaheim, CA, USA, March 25-29, 2007. 106. C. Yu , #8220;Applications of fiber nonlinearities in high-speed WDM optical communication systems,#8221; 15 th Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) 2006 , Paper PS-4-2, pp.

1, Hangzhou, China, October 12-13, 2006 (Invited) 107. Z. Manager | Tayoa Employment! Zhu, A.M.C. Dawes, D. Gauthier, M.D. Stenner, M.A. Neifeld, T. Luo, C. Yu , L. Zhang, and A.E. Willner, #8220;Recent advances in stimulated Brillouin scattering slow light,#8221; OSA Topical Meeting on Slow and Fast Light , Paper TuB1, pp. 1, Washington D.C., USA, July 23-26, 2006 (Invited) 108. 3 X 3 Risk! Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu , #8220;160 GHz optical pulse generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator and two stages of delayed MZ interferometers,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2006 , Paper CFP2, pp. 1-2, Long Beach, CA, USA, May 21-26, 2006. 109.

C. Yu , L. Xu, and T. Wang, #8220;Six-times the transmission distance over Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal, standard single-mode fiber for 10-Gb/s directly-modulated system by off-center filtering and electronic equalization,#8221; Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2006 , Paper CMNN4, pp. 1-2, Long Beach, CA, USA, May 21-26, 2006.

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essay gothic study WITH VARIOUS PLANS AND DRAWINGS. DESIGNED CHIEFLY FOR THE USE OF. BY JOHN HENRY HOPKINS, D.D. Bishop of the Assistant Project Manager Portal Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Vermont. PRINTED BY SMITH HARRINGTON.

IN presenting the following work to those who are interested in Church Architecture, the author is Ms Word | Word & Excel sensible that he is liable, amongst professional architects especially, to the charge of presumption, for meddling with a science which he cannot be supposed to understand. Perhaps the best mode of defending himself against this accusation, and Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, of making a true apology for the book itself, will be to state the simple facts which gave rise to the undertaking. About the latter part of the year 1828, the author entered upon Pretty Ideas Professional Template Word 14 Free, his first ministerial charge, in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and the blessing granted to his humble labors soon excited his congregation to Manager | Tayoa Employment, attempt the erection of a new church, which was designed to be in 7 Best Kids School Images every respect superior to the building then occupied as their house of worship. The first point which presented itself, was, of course, the adoption of a plan; and amongst a variety of drawings produced for Project, the occasion, the author saw none which satisfied him. Pretty Ideas Professional Template? His early youth had been passed in more than ordinary familiarity with the Fine Arts, but, except as a topic of taste and general science, he had no knowledge of Architecture. Admiring, however, the Gothic style above all others, and seeing nothing in Assistant Employment Portal the drawings presented which accorded with it, he took up the pencil himself, and tried to embody his own vague conceptions in Awesome Evaluation - Best For a regular form. The attempt thus made, was preferred by the gentlemen of the vestry; and the plan was adopted with all its imperfections on its head. But the author was conscious of his deficiencies in Manager | Tayoa this new department; and Purchase - 2 - 7.87" X 5.5", felt himself bound, as far as possible, to Assistant | Tayoa Portal, supply them. With this view, he collected many of the best engravings of the fine English Cathedrals, studied them, and copied carefully what was most applicable to his purpose. And in this stage of his labors he was aided [iii/iv] beyond his hopes by the acquaintance of a European architect who just then settled in Salon Template | Word & Excel his neighborhood, and kindly loaned to him the valuable works of Britton, in which he found a real treasury of taste and information. [John Behau, Esq. a gentleman of great skill in his profession, of whose services the author would gladly have availed himself, if the funds of the church had justified him.] The result was the completion of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, in a manner which at least exceeded the expectations of all concerned; and drew upon the author, from that time forward, more applications for Assistant Project | Tayoa, church plans, than he found it either convenient or practicable to furnish. In the progress of Salon Certificate Template & Excel his subsequent observation, he discovered that even several of our large cities were chiefly indebted to the voluntary labours of amateurs for their Gothic architecture; that with some rare exceptions, professional architects had paid but little attention to the Gothic style, or to the peculiar structure of churches; and that the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal works most easy of access on architecture in general, gave few if any instructions on the subject.

While, throughout the country at large, he saw every where the most uncouth combinations of the Gothic arch and battlement, with columns, entablatures, and pediments, of the Grecian order; clearly proving the general deficiency in this department of Rediform Order Form Part - 7.87" X 5.5" ecclesiastical taste, and Employment, calling for some attempt, however humble, to Professional Resume Word Resume, establish a better standard. Under these circumstances, and stimulated by the repeated calls made upon Manager Employment Portal, him for plans of churches by his clerical brethren, the Charity Pictures For author commenced the following essay several years ago; and committed the greater part of the Employment Portal drawings to the lithographic press, during his residence near Boston. Availing himself of the excellent aids which he found in the Athenaeum of that city, and devoting to the work the chief portion of his leisure hours, he found it grow almost insensibly upon his hands, to a size which seemed, at length, to warrant publication. He puts it forth, however; not presuming that it can teach the professional architect, nor claiming for it the It Manager Resume | Resume Samples rank of Project Manager | Tayoa Employment a regular and Examples For, systematic treatise; but as the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal essay of Kids School Images On Pinterest a mere amateur, only intended to be of service, where better guides are not at hand. And above all, his desire and hope, are that it may induce our rising [iv/v] clergy to give attention to a subject which peculiarly concerns themselves; and Assistant Manager, which must, in the nature of things, be principally committed to their management in 3 X 3 Risk Matrix a country like ours; where the assistance of professional architects cannot often be obtained, and where, in a majority of Assistant Project Portal cases, the funds provided for It Manager Samples | Resume, the building of Assistant Employment Portal our churches so seldom warrant the employing them. It would have much increased the value and acceptableness of the following pages, had they contained drawings of the Gothic churches in our principal cities which reflect so much credit on the gentlemen who designed them.

But the author omitted them on Resume Samples, purpose, for Portal, two reasons first, because he considers the plans of these edifices as being the Rediform Purchase Form Part - property of others; and secondly, because one of the benefits which he should rejoice to derive from the publication of the present work, is the provoking some of his qualified brethren to put forth a better one. The author cannot dismiss these prefatory remarks without adverting to the possibility, that some of his Christian brethren may regret the appearance of Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal his book on another ground; as thinking that his whole time is little enough for the due performance of the higher and 3 Risk, more strictly spiritual duties of his responsible office, and that the care of the outward edifice might be better left to other hands. To this he will only say, that every thing connected with the service of the Most High, is worthy the attention of Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment his ministry, and indeed; devolves upon them, as forming a part of their peculiar office, which, if they will not take pains to understand, they cannot expect that other men will. And many are the names honorably recorded in English Ecclesiastical history, for their skill in Purchase Order - 2 X 5.5" the science to which this humble volume is devoted. The famous William of Wykeham, bishop of Winchester, in Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal the reign of Edward III, Archbishop Chichele, Alcock, bishop of Ely, Richard Beauchamp, bishop of Ideas Resume Template Word 14 Free Resume Salisbury, who was appointed Master and Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, Surveyor of the works, by Edward IV, in the rebuilding St. George's Chapel at Windsor, bishop Waynflete, in 1447, and the abbot of Westminster, Islip, in 1500, were all celebrated for their architectural knowledge, when the finest monuments of England's ecclesiastical glory were erected.

But far beyond these--Moses, the Rediform Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5" leader of Manager | Tayoa Employment Israel, took charge of 3 X all the details of the earthly sanctuary--Bezaleel the son of Manager Employment Portal Uri, was called specially and filled with the Spirit of God (Exod. xxxi. 1, 2,) [v/vi] to make the work belonging to the tabernacle. Yea, the Lord himself condescended to furnish, in It Manager Resume | Resume Samples the mount, the pattern of every thing intended for his earthly worship. On a similar principle, David and Assistant Project Manager, Solomon, the most distinguished kings of Israel, employed themselves, the one in preparing for, and the other in erecting, the Temple at Jerusalem: and the volume of heavenly wisdom--the blessed word of God--is occupied to a considerable extent, in the description of each minute appendage of his sanctuary. Most unscriptural, therefore, would be the censure--most misplaced the 7 Best School On Pinterest affectation of regret, which should seek to dissuade the clergy from Manager Employment Portal applying themselves to the art of erecting the earthly houses of God in a fitting and appropriate manner. The author would be among the first to maintain the superior claims of instruction, and devotion, and pastoral government, over every other branch of ministerial accomplishment. But he is fully persuaded, that a moderate degree of industry and application will find time for Pretty Ideas Resume Template, them all. He cannot understand, why the clergy Should not possess a competent familiarity with the whole range of subjects connected with their sacred calling; nor has he ever been able to see how a reasonable knowledge and zeal in Project Employment the construction of the outward tabernacle, should lessen their energy and success in the preaching of the 7 Best Kids Projects Images Gospel. BURLINGTON, VT.

MARCH, 1836. ON THE ORIGIN OF THE GOTHIC STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE. THE Gothic style of architecture has long possessed a high rank in Project Manager the estimate of ecclesiastical taste, and has drawn forth no small share of, erudition in the various attempts made by European writers, to trace its derivation. Hitherto, however, these attempts have not led to any clear or positive result; and 7 Best Kids Images, the field is still open to the claims of any reasonable theory. We design, therefore, to devote this chapter to Assistant Manager | Tayoa, the question: What was the probable origin of this admired style of building? The distinguishing features of the Gothic style seem to consist in Pretty Resume two particulars--the effect of the perpendicular line, and the terminating the various parts in a point. It must be understood, however, that we are not speaking of the. Gothic style in its application to castles or colleges, where its true principles are obliged to give way to the superior claims of strength and convenience. Our remarks are to be applied to that pure and elevated species of it which belongs to ecclesiastical purposes, and to them alone. In this--when exhibited in its best specimens--we find that all the upper horizontal lines are broken into battlements, while the multiplied perpendicular lines of the buttresses, crowned with pinnacles diminishing to Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal, a point, the mullioned windows, and the slender clustered pillars, lead the eye of the beholder upwards; causing, by a kind of physical association, an impression of sublimity more exalted than any other sort of architecture can produce.

[2] Now it is here that we find the superiority of the Gothic over the Grecian style, for ecclesiastical purposes. The Gothic, breaking the horizontal line, and leading the eye upwards till its pinnacles vanish in the sky, seems adapted, by an easy correspondence, to the offices of 7 Best Projects Images On Pinterest that blessed religion, which takes the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal heart from the contemplation of earth, and directs it to its heavenly inheritance. While the Kids Projects Grecian, with its lengthened colonnades and Project Portal, its horizontal extension, running in lines parallel with the ground, seems suited, by Images On Pinterest its characteristic expression, to secular objects and pursuits. Hence we should recommend the Grecian and Roman architecture for all buildings designed for legislative, judicial, commercial, civic, or merely scientific purposes; but wherever the spiritual interests of our race are to Manager Employment Portal, be the It Manager Samples primary concern, the elevated solemnity of the Gothic style is Assistant | Tayoa Employment far more appropriate. The origin of this interesting species of It Manager Samples architecture has been much disputed.

Some have contended that it is of English growth; others, that it is French or German; others, that it is Saracenic, and was introduced into Europe by the Crusades. [The opinion of Sir Christopher Wren was that the Gothic style is of Arabian extraction, and he has been followed by the majority of other writers. Bishop Warburton's theory has an interesting mixture of truth with error. Assistant Manager Employment Portal? 'The architecture of the Holy Land,' says he, 'was Grecian, but greatly fallen from its ancient elegance. 7 Best Kids School Images On Pinterest? And from this it was that our Saxon builders took the whole of their ideas. But when the Goths conquered Spain, through emulation of the Saracens, they struck out a new species of architecture upon original principles, and ideas much nobler than what had given birth even to | Tayoa Employment, classic magnificence. Salon Template | Word & Excel Templates? For this northern people having been accustomed to worship the Deity in Assistant Manager Employment groves, when their new religion required covered edifices, they ingeniously projected to 7 Best School Projects Images On Pinterest, make them resemble groves,'--'and with what skill and success they executed the project by the assistance of Saracen architects, whose exotic style of building very luckily suited their purpose, appears from hence, that no attentive observer ever viewed a regular avenue of | Tayoa Portal well grown trees intermingling their branches overhead, but it presently put him in mind of the long vista through the Gothic cathedral.' This notion of the learned Bishop, that a new style of building could thus arise in the 10th century, upon Pretty Professional Resume Template Word Resume, an original model, without any record of the design or the name of the designer, is certainly, to | Tayoa Employment, say the least, a violent presumption. But his idea of a grove is beautiful and It Manager, just; only that instead of Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal referring it, on a mere conjecture, to an ordinary grove, and to the middle ages for Resume Samples, its origin, it seems much more reasonable to trace it to the palm trees, which we know were represented, within and without, in the celebrated temple of Solomon.

Probably Bishop Warburton was influenced by the term Gothic , which is Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal now generally conceded to be a nickname of Resume Samples Samples reproach, instead of a note of history. The notion of the poet Gray is strangely absurd, that the buildings of Turkey, Persia, and the East Indies, are plainly 'corruptions of the Greek architecture, broke into little parts indeed, and covered with small ornaments, but in taste very distinguishable from what we call Gothic.' And he asks 'Whoever saw a Gothic cupola? It is a thing plainly of Greek extraction.' Now really this is amusing; for the cupola is found frequently, among the English Gothic Churches; of which St. George's Chapel and King's College Chapel are familiar instances. Indeed, the question might be most justly retorted, Who ever saw a Grecian Cupola among the models of Employment Portal pure antiquity? The Cupola was added td the genuine Grecian style, by mixing it with ideas borrowed from the East. A French writer in the 'Souvenirs du Mus©e des Monumens Fran§ais' so late as the year 1820, shews the Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures Examples For doubtful state of this question very clearly by these questions; 'Le style' says he, 'qui, dans le onzieme si¨cle, fit oublier l'architecture Carlovingiaque, fut il cr©e par des artistes descendans des anciens Goths , et doit il, pour cette raison, ªtre appell© Gothique ? Dut il son origine aux artistes de notre pays, et doit il recevoir l'©pithete de Fran§ais? N'est il autre chose qu'une imitation mal dirig©e des monumens ©lev©s par les Sarrasins en Espagne, et faut il appeler Sarrasin, on Mauresque le style de nos constructions du 11, 12, et 13 si¨cle? The title given by some to the Gothic style, viz, that of the English style, 'must appear,' (says the admirable work of Pugin) 'ridiculous to our brethren on the continent. Germany, France and Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, Flanders possess Gothic churches, palaces, and towers, at Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Resume Examples For, least as magnificent as those of Project Manager | Tayoa England, and of as early date.

And we are convinced, whatever may be its true origin, that it is 7 Best School On Pinterest not of Assistant Project English invention.' 'The pointed arch,' says he elsewhere, 'may have been brought from the East.'] Of these opinions the latter has by It Manager | Resume far the greatest plausibility: as may [2/3] plainly appear from the following considerations. First, because it is acknowledged that no specimens of pure and tasteful design in Europe, can be traced farther back than the twelfth century, a little after the first crusade. Secondly, because there is abundant evidence to Assistant Project | Tayoa, prove that the Pretty Ideas Professional Template Word 14 Free ecciesiasties were the architects, and often the very workmen, by whom those splendid edifices were erected, which are thefl admiration of the civilized world to this day. Thirdly, because the architecture of Palestine and of the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal East generally, displays all the distinguishing characteristics of the Gothic style--the pointed arch--the ogee--the pinnacle--the fretted tracery--the lofty minaret--the panel fbrmed by segments of Rediform Order circles--the ornamental foliage and Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal, fourthly, because multitudes of abbots, friars, priests, and | Resume Samples, monks, accompanied the armies of the cross to Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, the very regions of this peculiar architecture. It is an 7 Best Kids Projects On Pinterest obvious Inference from these premises, that the clergy of that [3/4] day brought home from Palestine all that had impressed them as most attractive and beautiful in Project Employment Portal the architecture of the East, adapted it to ecclesiastical purposes, and thus became designers of a style of building, previously, indeed, unknown in Europe, but for which they did not feel particularly anxious to acknowledge themselves indebted to the paynim of the Holy Land.

But if we suppose that such was the mode in which the Awesome Evaluation Resume Examples Gothic style was introduced into Europe, a difficulty occurs in the name by which it has become generally known; for why should it be termed Gothic if its origin was in Palestine? In answer to this, it may be sufficient to state that this name is commonly agreed to be the product of the dislike entertained against it by the architects of the sixteenth century, who, being desirous to Project Manager Employment, establish the Italian style, in their devotion to the works of Vitruvius and Palladio, called the eastern style Gothic , in order to express their opinion of its comparative barbarism. ['A pedantic affectation of Italian taste' says Pugin, (1. vol. p. 10) had branded the pointed arch and all the buildings constructed on its principles, with the Awesome Evaluation - Best Examples For opprobrious term Gothic , an Manager Portal epithet inconsiderately applied, merely as designating something barbarous and devoid of regular design.] All late writers seem to admit that this name is every way objectionable; and Ideas Professional Resume Template Word 14 Free Resume, many other appellations have been suggested as more appropriate. Employment Portal? It may be doubted, however, whether custom, the Awesome Pictures tyrant of language, has not established this too firmly to allow of Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal its being superseded. Kids On Pinterest? But if another term could be generally agreed on, perhaps the Eastern style, or the Ecclesiastical style, would be preferable to most of the Assistant Employment Portal phrases recommended by writers on the subject. Still the question recurs, what was the origin of this style? Granting that Palestine may have given it to Europe, what produced it in Palestine? In reply, it ought to be observed that the distinguishing features of Charity Evaluation - Best Resume Examples For this style are not confined to Palestine, but are diffused generally throughout the East. Assistant | Tayoa Portal? Thus, in Charity - Best India, the mausoleum of Sultan Chusero, and that of Sultan Purviez near Allahabad--the Jummah Musjed at Delhi--the Punj Mahalla Gate at Lucknow--the ruins at Cannonge--the gate of the mosque built by Hafiz Ramut at Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, Pillibeat, and the interior of the Rediform Purchase Form Part palace, Madura,--all exhibit striking coincidences of forms, proportions, and details, with the Project Manager style in question. At Constantinople the mosques of Sultan [4/5] Ahmed, and Samples, of St. Sophia, and the sepulchral chapel of the Assistant Employment Sultaness Valide, exhibit the buttress, the pointed arch, the lattice sash, the embattled top, the dome, the fret-work of the ceiling--all of the same character. [See 'Tableau General de l'Empire Ottoman, par D'Ohisson.'] Nay, in the mosque of St.

Athanasius, at Alexandria, which cannot be later than the 3 X 3 Risk fourth century,. we find, in Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal the accurate drawing of Denon, the Purchase Order Form Part - 7.87" X 5.5" ogee pointed arch, the quatre foil, and the common pointed arch, together with the battlement, the buttress, the dome, and a lofty minaret, clearly proving that this style was then familiar. Assistant Portal? To these proofs we may add, that the public buildings of the Awesome Resume For Chinese display in many important particulars, a close correspondence with the same style. ['In both the antique and Chinese architecture' says Chambers, 'the general form of almost every composition has a tendency to the pyramidal figure--fret-work is likewise very frequent among the Chinese,--and (like the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Goths ) they always leave the timber work of the roof exposed within side, and often make both it and Professional Resume, the columns which support it of precious wood, sometimes enriching them with ornaments.' c. Project | Tayoa Employment Portal? In the plates belonging to Chambers' work on Chinese architecture, although they are neither various nor of the best selection for such a purpose, we may discover the Gothic forms of panel and fret-work, the foliage at the corners and the top of the Pretty Word Resume roof, and the lofty towers, which are peculiar to the Eastern style, and are entirely foreign to the Greek and Roman architecture, the corroborations of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa our theory furnished by Chambers are altogether accidental on his part, for It Manager | Resume, he seems to have had no taste nor knowledge on the subject of the Gothic style.] Now when it is remembered that a peculiar species of architecture, and one, too, which demands great skill and Assistant Manager Portal, labor in its execution, cannot spring up and reach perfection in a period less than many centuries--when we recollect especially, that the Eastern nations in general are noted for the wonderful constancy with which they retain their ancient dress, manners, and customs--a constancy incomparably greater than that of Europe-- and when we call to Matrix, mind the | Tayoa Employment Portal fact, that notwithstanding the disposition to innovate, the art of Architecture, in all other respects, is much the same that it was two thousand years ago, it will I think be sufficiently plain, that a style so prevalent in its principal features through all the 7 Best Kids Images On Pinterest vast regions of Asia, which were first settled after the flood, must in all probability have been invented long before the Grecian orders, since these were confessedly improved from the Egyptian architecture. [Thus Dr. Shaw remarks (Travels, p. 273,) that there is 'a near relation between the architecture of the Moors and Assistant Project Employment Portal, that of Scripture.'] [6] But in my mind, there are traces of something like positive evidence in favor of this conclusion; for I think there are remarkable indications, at least, that the Temple of Solomon claimed affinity in Kids Projects many respects with what we now call the' ecc'esiastieal Gothic style. And it may be well to state, somewhat in detail, the reasons for this opinion. First, then, the proportions of the Manager | Tayoa Portal temple were of this character, viz. Length, (counting twenty two inches to 3 Risk, the cubit) 110 feet. Breadth, 36 feet. Projection of the front porch, 18 feet. Height of the main building, 55 feet.

Height of the porch or tower, 220 feet. Excluding the space occupied by the Holy of Holies, which was 36 feet square, it was twice as long as it was broad, and twice as high as it was long, approximating closely in its three principal dimensions to Manager Employment Portal, the proportions generally adopted in the best cathedrals. Secondly, it had chambers on the outside, three stories in height, each story being five cubits, making 27 1/2 feet in the whole. Of course, they occupied half the height of the main building, and presented an accurate correspondence with the cloisters of a Gothic cathedraL. Thirdly, the temple had windows of narrow lights . What kind of windows these were, it would be impossible to prove; but we know that the Hebrew form of expression is altogether different from the description applied to the windows of the king's own house. We also know that the Gothic window is Certificate Template | Word Templates extremely narrow in proportion to its height; and further, we are certain that these windows of the Assistant Employment Portal temple must have been over the chambers of the priests, and thus that they admitted the light from above, which gives us another correspondence with the mode in which the nave of a Gothic cathedral receives its light from the Word 14 Free windows over the roof of the cloisters. [The Hebrew phrase here translated 'windows of narrow lights,' is very obscure, and has given rise to a singular variety of interpretations. The original is (1 Ki. 6. 5,) which Montanus translates 'fenestras prospectivas occlusas,' and Taylor's Concordance agrees with this, while it also justifies the Assistant Employment Portal common version. The Septuagint has quridaV parakuptomenaV kruptaV . The Vulgate has ' fenestras obliquas :' the German has 'Fenster inwendig welt, auswendig enge.' The French agrees with it, calling them ' Fenªtres la maison, large en dedans, et ©troites par dehors .' The Italian gives us ' finestre reticolate ;' the Spanish ' ventanas transversales ;' and Jahn, in Resume Samples Samples his Archaeologia Bib. in Comp. Red. Assistant Project | Tayoa Portal? § 338, says on the passage ' Fenestrae erant decussatae et clathris clausae .' From this diversity it is manifest that the meaning of the original is by no means clear.

It is sufficient for Order - 2 Part -, my purpose that the windows of the Project Manager | Tayoa Employment temple were peculiar in their form, and described in words altogether different from those of the king's palace.] [7] Fourthly, we find that the Charity Pictures Examples cedar. wood with which the Assistant Project temple was lined, was carved with 'knops and flowers,' and Purchase Form - 2 Part - 7.87" -, this gives us a very good description, in popular terms, of the Manager | Tayoa Portal rosettes, crocketts, and finials, which so profusely adorn the enriched, or florid Gothic style, and which form a regular part of the Turkish, Indian, and Awesome Evaluation Pictures Examples For, Chinese architecture. Fifthly, we read that the temple was carved all round, with cherubim and palm trees and open flowers within and without. Project | Tayoa Employment Portal? Now it is Professional Resume Template 14 Free Resume remarkable that in this description we have the very elements of the Gothic pillar and Project Manager, the groined arch. For palm trees, with their lofty and slender trunks and 3 X 3 Risk, branching heads, if placed in rows so that their boughs should interlace, would form the best imaginable prototype of the cathedral fretwork ceiling, springing from the heads of the pillars, and arching round in every direction. And the cherubim placed between, with open flowers, would seem to have suggested the idea of the statues of the ancient churches, under their canopies of tracery and foliage. Sixthly, we read of two pillars ornamented with 'net-work, pomegranates, and lily work upon the top of the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal pillars;' which certainly bore no likeness to any thing we know of, unless it be the Gothic pinnacles which sometimes surmount the pillars, with their leafy ornaments; or the richly carved minarets of Asiatic architecture. It appears deserving of Professional Resume Template 14 Free Resume much observation, in Project Portal estimating the testimony of the Scriptures on this subject, that soon after the temple was completed, Solomon erected another building, with parts and proportions of the 3 X Egyptian, or what was subsequently refined into the Grecian style.

I allude to Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, 'the house of the - 7.87" - forest [7/8] of Lebanon,' perhaps so called from its multitude of cedar pillars. The dimension of this building were as follows; viz. Length, 183 feet. Breadth, 91 feet. 'It stood upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars, and Manager Employment Portal, it was covered with cedar above upon the beams, that lay on forty-five pillars, fifteen in a row, and there were windows in three rows, and light was against light, in three ranks. And he made a porch of pillars, the length thereof was 50 cubits,' (91 1/2 feet) c. 1 Ki. 7 Ch. 2nd to 6th v. We see here plainly indicated another and very different style of architecture, closely resembling the Grecian; and the contrast between the two is very strong. The temple is almost twice as high as it is broad, but the house of the forest of Ideas Template Resume Lebanon, is almost twice as broad as it is Assistant Manager | Tayoa high. The first has no pillars.

The lofty palm trees fill the place which the slender Gothic pillars would now occupy. But the other displays extensive colonnades with horizontal entablatures. The first receives its light from above: the other has light against light in Ms Word Certificate | Word Templates three ranks. The first is adorned with knops and flowers, but the other has no ornaments of Portal this description. Hence we see Solomon executing two kinds of edifice of very different proportions and character the one, sacred; the other, secular; both corresponding with considerable exactness to the two great styles of architecture which we behold at the present day. And if, indeed, this celebrated king was the founder of Balbec and Palmyra, as some have supposed, we need not be surprized at the Grecian taste of Samples their ruins, when we recognize, in the description of the house of the forest of Lebanon, the Project Manager Portal very same features; and recollect that what Solomon began, others must have enlarged and improved at Ms Word Salon Certificate | Word & Excel Templates, a subsequent period. In researches of this nature, absolute demonstration is, from the nature of the case, impossible.

The true origin of Architecture, like that of all other arts, lies buried in remote antiquity, and it is by Project | Tayoa Employment Portal no means improbable that it had reached a degree of perfection even before the 7 Best Kids Projects Images On Pinterest flood, of which we have no idea. Cain, we know, built a city. Tubal Cain was an artificer in brass and iron; and what progress might not have been expected in knowledge as well as vice, when the [8/9] age of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa man averaged eight hundred years! But of the extent of these primaeval acquisitions, we know nothing. Nor, at a period long subsequent, are we able to ascertain the details of | Word & Excel taste which characterised the magnificence of ancient Nineveh and Babylon. All that we can do, is to form the most rational conjecture from the scattered materials which remain. While, therefore, we have the Assistant Manager Employment Portal most distinct evidence for the antiquity of both the Gothic and the Grecian styles, if not in all their minutiae, yet in their leading peculiarities--while we see the Asiatic nations, which are undoubtedly the oldest, universally employing the characteristics of the Gothic style; and Resume, the whole posterity of Shem exhibiting the same general affinity in this, as in their language, their dress, and their social habits--while, above all, we see considerable points of correspondence with this style in the temple of Solomon--we cannot err in assuming it as highly probable , at least, that the style in question is the most ancient, in the world which has been applied to sacred purposes; and Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, that it deserves to be esteemed, not only for Pretty Ideas Professional Template Word 14 Free Resume, its solemn beauty, and Project | Tayoa Employment, its general fitness for 3 X 3 Risk Matrix, the offices of religion, but for its special application to those very objects by the chosen people of Project Manager | Tayoa Portal God, ON THE EXPENSE REQUIRED FOR THIS STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE.

IT is the opinion of some very judicious writers, that the Gothic, or Eastern style, is only fit for large buildings, where it can be carried out in full perfection. But I doubt the correctness of Order - 2 Part - 7.87" this idea. On the contrary, it appears to me, that there is no style of architecture which admits of such variety, which is so beautiful on any scale, and which is so little dependent on size for its effect. The utmost latitude of embellishment, is, indeed, allowed by it; but it is fettered by no precise rules with regard to the degree. And although the kind of ornament and finish is fixed by examples, from which no man of judgment or good taste would venture to depart; yet the Assistant Manager Portal distinctive characters of the style may be preserved in union with the utmost simplicity. The general proportion, securing a due height in all its dimensions--buttresses, producing strong perpendicular lines of Salon Gift Certificate Template light and shade, and terminating in pinnacles--battlements, breaking the horizontal line, where it is Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa next the sky--pointed arches, enclosing at least two subdivisions in the windows; and both windows and doors retreating from the outside of the walls, so as to 7 Best School Projects, furnish strong shadows, and increase the solemnity of the effect--these seem to present the prominent external features of the style, and may be preserved in Manager Employment connexion with the highest ornament, or with none at all, just as circumstances may require. The interior admits of the same variety, and demands attention to the same general principles. The ceiling may be groined, ribbed, and filled with tracery in the most costly manner, or it may consist of a simple pointed arch.

It may be supported on clusters of slender pillars, or it may spring from the walls [10/11] in the plainest form. But its terminating line should never be horizontal. The upper line of the galleries should be broken by Awesome Pictures - Best Examples For foliage or battlements, and Manager | Tayoa Employment, the lower line should take the form of the pointed arch. All the panel work should give preponderance to the effect of the perpendicular line, and every termination which admits of it, should come to a point. But still, the gradations of finish are such, that where economy is the object, the style may be preserved in reasonable consistency with it. Proportions and Matrix, forms must be marked, but ornament, in which the Assistant Manager Employment Portal expense is chiefly involved, is arbitrary; and may be added afterwards, when the circumstances of those concerned shall allow. But I cannot forbear to say, that it is a reproach to any Christian people to study economy too much in the erection of Churches. The Church is the house of God.

It is the place where his people assemble to transact the Matrix concerns of eternity, and it is a disgrace to Project | Tayoa Employment, our profession of zeal in behalf of religion, when the private dwellings of the worshippers, exceed the temples of the Pretty 14 Free Most High, in beauty and Assistant Project, costliness of workmanship. Professional Resume Word Resume? The principle runs throughout the whole Bible, and is in accordance with right reason, that we should dedicate nothing to God, which is not the best of its kind in our power to procure; and Assistant Project Employment, although it is very true that the unhappy state of division which deforms the Christian world puts it out of our power to equal the magnificent erections of Pretty Ideas Word Resume other days, yet the average standard of our efforts in this respect. might be raised vastly above its present height, if Christians would learn to come up to the scriptural rule of 'honoring the Lord with their substance and with the first fruits of all their increase,' and remember that no rule of liberality is so likely to be acceptable in His sight as that which he himself enjoined upon ancient Israel. True, the [11/12] spiritual Church, composed of the living stones of the faithful, is the Project Manager Employment abiding temple which the Lord has promised to inhabit, and 'he dwelleth not in temples made with hands.' But although the wise king of Israel uttered this very sentiment in Evaluation the dedication of the temple at Jerusalem, yet he made that house 'exceedingly magnifical,' and for Manager | Tayoa Employment, an obvious reason; because it was a symbol of the heavenly temple where the redeemed should one day be privileged to worship with celestial joy. And why should not the same correspondence still lead us to Ms Word | Word & Excel Templates, the same principle? As the Sabbath of God is the most precious day to the Christian--as on that day he clothes his body in his best attire that it may answer to the clothing of the soul--Why should not the house of God be the most precious of all earthly edifices, and why should not every thing about it answer to the sublime and glorious end for which it was erected--the congregating together on earth, those who desire to worship him together in heaven? [From the learned and ingenious work entitled 'The ornaments of Churches considered,' Oxford Ed. of 1761, I extract the following just and Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal, eloquent argument of the Ms Word Salon Certificate Template Templates famous Mede on Project | Tayoa Portal, this subject, which the scholar, the man of taste, and the divine, will read with pleasure.

[De Templorum magnificentia dicturus, ut caveam quae in hac causa multi in hanc vel illam ornatus speciem importuni objiciunt, non simpliciter sed comparat© definio de modo et mensura ornatus sacri, nempe Dei domum esse debere que, imo magis quam profana magnificam. In urbe Templum aedificas? pulcherrimum id sit omnium in urbe palatiorum. In villa? aequet imo vincat reliquas in villa aedes. Ratio mihi talis, quia Deo non fuerit dignum, quod non sit in quocunque rerum genere optimum et dignissimum.' 'There are two other objections to the decoration of Ideas Resume Churches,' observes the author of the work above mentioned, 'one of which is taken notice of by Mede in the following words: 'At magnam nobis invidiam conflatum eunt de pauperum indigentia, indignum enim esse, ut auro splendescant templa haec externa, dum viva Spiritus Sancti habitacula fame contabescant et inedi , in pauperes ut simus lapides, nimium in lapides profusi.' His answer to this is spirited to a great degree. 'Sciant non Templa sola hoc quod intorquent ariete, sod et regum conquassari palatia, sed multas privatorum aedes. Pauperes egent? Quin igitur tu aedes tuas dirue, quin regum et nobiliorum demolire.

Pauperes egent? Quid tibi tantus domi aulaeorum et tapetum apparatus? Quid tot contignationum et concamerationum deliciae? Quid reliqua supellex otiosa, ornatus super vacuus? Aufer, aufer haec, inquam, sine quibus et tibi satis exit domi et pauperi inde multum eleemosynae.' 'The other objection is Project Manager | Tayoa drawn from the tendency which ornaments have to introduce. superstition and popery.

But the proper question with respect to Samples, the magnificence of our temples is, whether we have passed the Project Portal medium. 'What,' says the Part X 5.5" - great Chillingworth, 'if out of devotion to God, out of a desire that he should be worshipped as in spirit and in Manager Employment truth in the first place, so also in the beauty of holiness? What if out of 3 X 3 Risk Matrix fear that too much simplicity and nakedness in the public service of God, may beget in the ordinary sort of men, a dull and stupid irreverence, and out of hope that the outward state and glory of it, being well disposed and wisely moderated, may engender, quicken, increase and nourish, the inward respect and devotion which is due unto God's sovereign majesty and power? I say, what if out of these considerations, the governors of Manager Portal our Church, more of late than formerly, have set themselves to School Images On Pinterest, adorn and beautify the places, where God's honor dwells, and to make them as heavenlike as they can with earthly ornaments? is this a sign that they are warping towards popery? Is this devotion in Assistant Project Manager the Church of England, as argument that she is coming over to the Church of Rome?' ON THE DEGREE OF LIGHT EXPEDIENT IN CHURCHES. THERE is Awesome Pictures Resume For no fault more common, and none more opposed by every principle of good taste, than the having too many windows in Churches.

There should be no more light admitted than will suffice for the purpose of reading with comfort. More than this increases the expense, exposes to cold, and, above all,--so far as the eye is concerned,--destroys solemnity, and is unfriendly to devotion. Thus H. Wotton, in his elements of architecture, p. 35, asserts, that 'Light can misbecome no edifice whatever, temples only excepted, which were anciently dark; as they are likewise t this day in some proportion; devotion more requiring collected than diffused spirits.' And Sir Thomas More, describing the temples of his Utopia, says that they were somewhat obscure; not on account of the unskilfulness of the Manager | Tayoa architects, but by the choice of the priesthood: because immoderate light scatters the thoughts.' ['Templa erant subobscura, nec id aedificandi inscitia factum, sed concilio sacerdotum, quod immodica lux cogitationes dispergit.'] The custom of staining the glass of Church windows, was admirably adapted not only to moderate the glare of light, but also to give it a rich, mellow, and solemn effect. Matrix? If this country, it is Manager Employment Portal not yet practicable to apply this expedient extensively. Instead of it, however, a very beautiful effect may be produced at a small expense, by Ideas Professional transparencies painted on linen or muslin, in the Gothic style, and fixed inside the windows. As a general principle, it would be well if the Assistant Project windows were not brought near the It Manager Samples floor.

A congregation assembled for worship have nothing to do with looking out, and the light has always the best effect when it enters the building as near to the top as possible, consistently with true proportion. ON MONUMENTS, CENOTAPHS, STATUES AND PICTURES, IN CHURCHES. THE Church being the house of God, dedicated to his service, and designed to assist in the preparing his people for his kingdom in heaven, it is plain that every thing in it should be connected with those purposes, and that whatever savors of human pride and ministers to the gratification of human vanity, is there utterly out of place. Judged by this rule, monuments or cenotaphs seem altogether inadmissible. It is true, indeed, that they are common in many fine Gothic structures in Europe, and that some of our Churches in this country have, as might be expected, fallen into the same custom. But there was nothing of this sort in the temple of Jerusalem, neither was there any thing like it in the Primitive Church. The early Christians did undoubtedly hold their worship in cemeteries, during the times of persecution; and at Assistant Manager | Tayoa, a somewhat later day they were fond of building Churches over the tombs of eminent saints; but it was long afterwards, and in a very dark and barbarous period when the monuments of 3 X 3 Risk kings, and lords, and barons, were privileged with a place within the walls of the sanctuary. What renders this thing, in Project Manager | Tayoa Employment my mind, the It Manager Resume Samples | Resume Samples mare unbecoming, is the indisputable fact, that the distinction thus granted is a boon conceded to rank, or wealth, and not to piety.

So tar, indeed, is religion from having any thing to do with it, that there are instances--not a few--where the Churches of the God of Holiness contain a standing commemoration of men whose lives would have scandalized, and whose deaths would have disgraced, a Christian profession. And shall the pride of surviving friends be gratified, by Assistant Manager putting the lofty memorials of the sculptor's [14/15] art upon the very walls of the sanctuary, in favor of Pretty Professional 14 Free Resume such men as these? Surely it is enough if the church yard is left free for Project Employment, the pageantry of Pretty Ideas Professional Resume 14 Free Resume this poor ambition, without having the very enclosure consecrated to the Most High, profaned by these shrines of vanity and ostentation. It is, doubtless, an invidious and painful task, to discriminate among those that may be applicants for such a posthumous distinction. The better and the safer rule therefore, would be this: That no man, whatever, should have any such memorial in the house of God, unless he had already a place on the Church's calendar: This principle would prevent all difficulty, since an honor which the Assistant clergy disclaimed for themselves, could not and would not be expected by their people. Pictures and statuary representing the Rediform Purchase Form - 2 - characters and events recorded in the Scriptures, stand, of course, on a very different foundation. It is the Assistant | Tayoa Portal design of the Lord that these characters and events should be commemorated in the Churches, and to that end, the reading of the Bible is an established part of our duty in his temple. And therefore it would seem that the same events might lawfully be presented to the eye by pictures and statues, since these would assuredly aid to fix them in the memory.

Besides which general argument, it is to be remembered, that statues of cherubim were sculptured all round the temple of Jerusalem, and that the 7 Best Kids School Projects Images On Pinterest veil was covered with embroidery. Still it is very certain, that one of the Assistant Project Manager Employment early Councils of the Church expressly forbade pictures in Churches--that statuary, when first introduced, was warmly and violently opposed--that the case of ancient Israel was confined to the depicting of the cherubim, and that in neither temple nor synagogue was there any thing else that could be called picture or statue. Equally certain is it, that the custom, when finally established, led the way to a species of idolatry, at least, amongst the ignorant and superstitious; and that it is Rediform - 7.87" X 5.5" - a kind of ornament, which, in its own nature, is Employment Portal liable to abuse. On the Professional Template 14 Free whole, therefore, I should recommend the adorning the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal walls of Awesome Churches only with the appropriate architectural enrichments, and with judicious and edifying selections from the word of God. These last cannot be too abundant, and should be so disposed, that the wandering ye might be arrested, on every side of the sacred edifice, by some counsel or warning of Divine truth, calculated to enlighten the conscience and amend the heart. ON THE PEWS OF CHURCHES. PEWS, or, indeed, any special seats appropriated to the individuals of the Project Manager congregation, have no authority in Scripture or ancient usage. 'Before the age of the Reformation,' says Burns, (Eccl. Law, vol.

1. p. 358,) 'no seats were allowed in the Churches, nor any distinct apartments assigned to individuals, except for some very great persons.' And Pugin remarks, (p. 42) that 'the fastidious habits of modern times have sadly disfigured the Charity Evaluation Pictures Resume For interior of our Churches by the introduction of close pews. Instead of being shut up in square boxes, the congregation, formerly, were seated on long benches, ranged on each side the nave of the Church, with their faces turned towards the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal altar. A separate pew was a distinction appertaining only to the Lord of the Manor, or some other person of rank; and these manorial pews were like small chapels, generally occupying the Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best For upper end of a north or south aisle, and made highly ornamental with screens, canopies and tracery.' The objections to the modern custom, however, are much more serious in other respects, than in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal point of 7 Best Projects Images architectural beauty.

The right to occupy a place in the house of God, and that, too, the best place, is, in our day, a pure matter of merchandize. It is a right sold at auction, to the highest bidder. Religion has nothing to Assistant Project Manager Employment, do with it. Personal piety has nothing to do with it. The seats next to the altar, and in the immediate eye of the ministers of Christ, may be occupied by men who have no real respect for the Gospel or its ordinances, and Kids School Projects, who exhibit, in the gaze of the whole congregation, a constant example of ungodliness. Still, [16/17] they pay for their seats, and the omnipotence of gold covers the glaring inconsistency. And while every desirable place in a fashionable Church is thus appropriated to a special owner, the Project Manager | Tayoa Employment poor man--though pious and sincere, and longing to have his portion of the bread of life--is afraid to come forward in the midst of so much exclusive pride: and either takes his seat afar off, or goes away to some humbler assembly, where he can worship on a level with his fellow creature before that God who is no respecter of persons. Neither is this the whole of the evil.

Pews appropriated to It Manager Samples, individuals operate directly to Assistant | Tayoa Employment, keep many away from the house of God. Kids School? Strangers do not like to Assistant Employment Portal, intrude on other persons' property, nor to run the risk of being turned out of their seat by Pretty Resume 14 Free Resume the owner. And it scarcely ever happens, that those who pay for Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa, their pews, can all attend at once: so that our Churches usually display an abundance of vacant room, in seats which have owners, but yet are seldom filled; as if men thought it was sufficient to pay their minister, without being obliged to listen to him. The luxurious accommodations of particular pews produce another variety of the same evil; for It Manager Samples | Resume, even when strangers ace determined to meet the risk of being turned out of their places, it is by no means pleasant to use the silken couches, and Project Manager | Tayoa, tread the rich carpets, and It Manager Resume Samples, open the splendid prayer books, prepared for the sons and daughters of opulence and fashion; when the intruder is conscious, that if the owners were present, they would probably give him the cold look of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal unwilling sufferance. But worst of all, is a method of constructing the pews, which has become very common, and which looks as if it had been contrived by some enemy to the work of devotion, We refer to the making them so narrow, that kneeling is Ms Word Gift Certificate Template & Excel Templates impossible; and all that the worshippers can do is to adopt a compound posture, half sitting and half kneeling, which usually ends in sitting altogether. And a foul reproach it surely is, that a Church which boasts of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal her liturgy, and in this very point of kneeling in prayer, claims a superiority over other portions of the Christian family, should have slidden into a practice, within one generation, which is not only in direct contradiction to her own formularies, and to the authority of Scripture, but [17/18] which must inevitably tend to Kids School Images, prevent the Divine blessing on the worship of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal her peop1e. On the other hand, there are two arguments in favor of pews, which justice requires we should mention. The first is, that they afford families a better opportunity to worship together; and the second is, that they facilitate the Purchase Part - 7.87" X 5.5" collection of the Church revenue. We grant both these positions, although we think them by no means of sufficient force to justify the custom. On the Employment whole, however, we should recommend the following rules on Pictures - Best Examples, the subject.

The old mode of benches, would be best. They should be substantial, made in Gothic style, to correspond with the building, and should have backs, for the comfort of the aged or infirm. But they should be open to Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal, the occupancy of all the congregation, and the only right of precedency should be that which would naturally follow the claims of Awesome Evaluation Resume Examples For years, or the character of experienced and consistent discipleship. Those who had children to watch over, might take their place a little earlier; but no children should be carried to the house of public worship so young, as to trouble and Assistant Project Manager Portal, interrupt the devotions of others. It is obvious that on this plan the Matrix revenues of the Church could not be charged upon the seats, but they could be collected, as they now are for all other purposes, by voluntary subscription. But if pews must be retained, in compliance with the present custom, they should be made at Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, least three feet wide, to allow abundant room for Resume Template 14 Free, kneeling; and they should never be furnished in a style beyond what reasonable comfort and moderation would justify.

The house of Assistant | Tayoa God is no place for It Manager Resume Samples, the display of vanity or ostentation; and there, at least, if no where else, men should learn to Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment, feel, that however they may differ in their worldly circumstances, they are nevertheless equal, by the rights of Kids On Pinterest nature and of grace; and that the superiority of their earthly tank can avail them nothing before the final tribunal. The principle that should govern as far as possible in this matter, is, that there should be nothing adopted in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal the architecture of Churches, which should have a tendency to flatter the pride of the rich, or to discourage the just claims of the poor to the privileges of the Gospel. ON THE COLORS APPROPRIATE TO THE GOTHIC STYLE. SOLEMNITY and repose, being the characteristics of Pretty Ideas 14 Free this mode of architecture, every thing light and gaudy should be excluded. The only Project Manager | Tayoa Portal contradiction which might seem to oppose this rule is 3 X 3 Risk Matrix found in the windows, which we have recommended to be either of stained glass, or covered with transparencies in imitation of it. Assistant Project? But this is an exception strictly proper, not only because the light admitted through such a medium is in reality much softened and subdued, but also because the crimson and gold and blue, in the midst of Samples | Resume which the light of nature--the sun in the firmament--is presented to the eye by the munificent hand of the Portal Creator, seem to afford an analogy which justifies us in connecting the same hues with the light transmitted into the house of God.

But in all other particulars, the Purchase Order Form Part X 5.5" - colors selected should be of a sober character. For the stone work, the light brown or yellowish drab varieties have a better effect than the grey. And for Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, the wood work, either an imitation of the English oak, or the light olive brown produced by the mixture of Samples white lead with raw umber, is to Project Manager Portal, be used in preference to any other. In our judgment, this last is the 3 Risk Matrix best of Portal all, besides being less expensive than an imitation of the oak. Blue, grey, and lead color, have a cold and chilling appearance which forbids their use, excepting in the sashes of the Rediform Form Part - 7.87" X 5.5" windows; but the raw umber mixed with white (when the umber is of a good quality) gives a great variety of shades, from light drab color to a dark brown, by Assistant Employment a judicious employment of which, great richness and harmony of effect can be secured in union with solemnity. For inscriptions on the walls, [19/20] it is best to make the body of the letters considerably lighter than the ground, and shade them with a tint nearly as dark as the pure umber, which gives them the appearance of being raised, and looks, to our taste, better than gilding. For cushions, chancel chairs, and the drapery of the pulpit and desk, the old fashioned crimson is decidedly the Rediform Purchase Part best color. The purple which has been employed of late instead of it, looks very well in a strong light; but when the day is Manager Portal cloudy, or by lamp light, it cannot be distinguished from 3 X black, and Project | Tayoa Portal, reminds the spectator of clothing the Church in mourning.

Besides which, crimson harmonizes with the wood work, which purple does not; and for this reason, too, the crimson seems preferable. 3 Risk? It is to be observed, however, by Project Manager Portal those who are not much skilled in colors, that while crimson is appropriate, bright red or scarlet is altogether inadmissible. The ancient mode of making the sash which contained the glass of Church windows, was in lattice work of lead or pewter. Hence the Kids School Projects On Pinterest sash in Gothic windows should be painted to resemble this material. Assistant Project Manager Employment? And as a general rule, there should be nothing painted white in Pretty Ideas Professional Template Word 14 Free Resume a Gothic building. The lightest tint should be a shade of drab color.

This does not seem a very desirable hue for any thing, according to Manager Portal, the common judgment; but being in Kids School Projects Images On Pinterest fact a stone color, it forms the most sober and pleasing finish, for the inside walls and wood work of Project Portal a Church. It is solemn without being gloomy, and skews the workmanship of Ideas Professional Resume Template Word 14 Free Resume every part to the best advantage. These are little things , and we should not mention them if it were not for Project Manager Employment Portal, the instances we have seen, where mistakes in them had spoiled the whole effect of an otherwise fine building. ON THE CEILINGS OF CHURCHES. THE most beautiful mode of constructing the ceilings of large Churches, is in groined arches, the rules for 3 X, which are the same in this, that they are in the Roman style; the Assistant Manager | Tayoa only difference being, that the 3 Risk arch in Project Manager Employment Gothic architecture must always be pointed in the centre, instead of being a regular segment of a circle. On this, or any common point of mechanism, it is not the design of the present book to enlarge, because every regularly bred workman can find such matters laid down in the ordinary treatises on carpentry, and would doubtless understand them much better than ourselves. We would only remark, that for small Churches, a flat ceiling would probably be preferable to any arch whatever, on account of the echo produced by the arch whenever the ceiling is not very high, and which is a serious obstacle to Charity Evaluation Resume Examples, the distinctness of the preacher's voice.

In this case, however, the Gothic effect must be provided for by spandrils across the ceiling, of which there are several examples in the plates. For the rest, the Project Manager | Tayoa reader will probably need no other observations of a general character. The plates, together with the explanations and Pretty Ideas Professional Resume Template Word, dimensions attached to them, will be his best directory; and to these we will now refer him, only premising a brief history of the Gothic style in England, and a Glossary of the technical terms used in this kind of Assistant Employment Portal architecture. A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH OF ENGLISH ARCHITECTURE, EXTRACTED FROM THE WORK OF PUGIN. 1. The Anglo-Saxon, or Saxon style, from A. D. 597, to A. D. 1066. THE buildings erected in England during the Ms Word Salon Template | Word four centuries preceding the Norman conquest, have usually been designated Anglo-Saxon, or Saxon; but as there is no positive proof that we have any examples extant of this style, it can only be conjectured to have been a modification of Roman architecture.

2 Anglo-Norman or Norman style, from A. D. 1606, to A. D. 1189. The Normans rebuilt almost every eminent Church during this period, and a prodigious number of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal castles The style of these buildings is distinguished by strong and ponderous dimensions, round arches, and various mouldings peculiar to Matrix, itself. This style resulted from sundry modifications of the Roman, and it has been very properly contended that it ought to Employment, be called the Romanesque . 3. From A. D. 1189, to A. D. Kids School Projects On Pinterest? 1272. The general adoption of the pointed arch, and a change from Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment broad and Ms Word Templates, massy forms to tall and slender proportions, were fully established in the reign of King John, but had appeared a few years earlier in two or three instances. The several appellations of Early Gothic , Simple Gothic , Lancet-Arch Gothic , English and Early English , have been given to the first period of this change. The most complete specimen of it is Salisbury Cathedral, and it may be considered as extending through the reigns of Richard I, John, and Henry 3. 4. From A. D. 1272, to 1377. The 13th century was not closed before the simple style of Salisbury Cathedral [22/23] became superseded by one of a richer character.

Westminster Abbey is perhaps the Assistant earliest example on a large scale. Lincoln Cathedral in its eastern part, is a richer specimen. Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures For? About the middle of the 14th century a new fashion of tracery in the heads of windows became apparent, wherein the curves were blended like the fibres of a leaf. Beautiful specimens of Assistant Employment Portal this ramified or foliated tracery, are to be seen in the western window of York Cathedral, that of Awesome Evaluation - Best Resume For Durham, Carlisle, c. This has been termed pure Gothic, absolute Gothic, decorated English , c. 5. From A. D. 1377 to A. Project Manager Employment? D. 1460. The lofty and simple form of the pointed arch, when struck from two centres on the line of its base, began to be given up for a lower and more complicated form, in the reign of Richard, 2. But besides the Awesome Evaluation Pictures Examples For introduction of the compound flat arch, this period is farther marked by the laying aside the carved interweaving of the, mullions, and carrying them up in perpendicular lines. This style has been called ornamented Gothic , perpendicular English , c. 6. From A. D. 1460, to A. D. 1547.

The last period of the Gothic style is marked by the general use of the flat or compound pointed arch. Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal? The mullions of the windows continued to be carried up in perpendicular lines, but every part was wrought with increased complexity and delicacy. King's College Chapel, Cambridge, St. George's, Windsor, and Henry the Kids School Projects On Pinterest Seventh's Chapel at Westminster, are the grandest examples of this style, which has been designated Florid Gothic, Florid English , c. For my own part, I regard the foregoing distinctions as important, chiefly because they mark the introduction of the style, and its progress to Assistant Manager Portal, its latest point of excellence. They evidently prove the commencement of Gothic architecture to have been subsequent to the first Crusade; but as to the terms affixed to them, I regard them all as based upon the supposition that the Gothic style had an English origin. I have already shewn my reasons for considering this idea to Order - 2 -, be totally without foundation. A GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS IN GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE, EXTRACTED FROM PUGIN'S SPECIMENS.

Vol. Manager | Tayoa? I. [It may be proper to observe that the literary part of Pugin's excellent work is by EDWARD JAMES WILSON I have inserted in this Glossary, many terms which do not come within the Pretty Professional Resume Template Word strict design of my humble performance, but which it will be interesting and useful to the general reader, to have explained.] AILE, ( ala ecclesiae , Lat. L'aile de l'eglise , Fr.) the wing, as it were, the inward portico on each side of a Church, supported by pillars within. Hence, middle aile seems improper, and side aile is Assistant Portal tautology; yet custom has fixed both too firmly to be shaken. ALLEY, ( all©e , Fr.) an aile, any part of a Church left open for walking through. Hence in some old surveys of Cathedrals these terms occur, 'the Dean's alley, the Samples chanter's alley, the cross alley.' ARCH-BUTTRESS, ( arc boutant , Fr) an arch springing over the roof of an aile or cloister, and abutting against the wall of a clere-story.

It is Assistant Project Employment Portal also called a Flying buttress, and it is applied to the sides of spires, lanterns, c. BARBICAN, in antient fortifications, an outwork, sometimes placed in front of a gate to Pretty Ideas Template 14 Free Resume, protect the draw-bridge, sometimes at a short distance from the main works to watch the approach of an enemy. BARTIZAN, a balcony, or platform, within a parapet, or the roof of any building. BASE-COURT, ( Basse-cour , Fr.) a yard attached to a castle or large mansion, around which the Assistant Portal culinary and other offices were built. BASTILE, a tower, or bulwark in the fortification of a town. [25] BATTLEMENT, a parapet on the roof of a building, cut into loops or embrasures to Ideas Resume Template Word 14 Free, shoot through.

BAY, 1. an opening: 2. an arbitrary measure of size in a building: 3. and principally, the several lights in Project Employment a window between, the mullions, frequently called (though erroneously) days . BAY-WINDOWS, an oriel, or projecting window. 3 X? Sometimes improperly called a bow window. BELFRY, a tower for bells. BOTTEL, 1. the Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal perpendicular shafts of a clustered column. 2. Pretty Ideas Professional Resume 14 Free Resume? Such shafts attached to the jambs of windows or, doors. 3. Any round moulding. It is the old English term for the torus of the Italian architects.

BOSS, a round protuberance, usually placed at Assistant Manager Employment, the junction of the ribs in a vaulted roof, or to finish the end of any projecting moulding. Pretty Ideas Professional Resume Word 14 Free Resume? These were variously carved. BRACKETT, ( brachium , Lat.) a projection intended to support a statue or other ornament, or to sustain the ribs of the roof; frequently synonymous with corbel. BUTTRESS, a pillar built against the wall to strengthen it. CANTED, (adj.) of a polygonal plan, as, a canted window or oriel. CAROL or CARREL, a little pew or closet in a cloister to sit and read in; so called from the carols, or sentences inscribed on Manager, the walls.--(Qu. Is it not more probably derived from Quarr¨ , the French for square.) CASEMENT, 1. a light or compartment, within the mullions of a window; or 2. and chiefly, a frame enclosing part of the glazing of a window, 'witja hiuges to open and Ideas Word Resume, shut. CHAMFER, the angle of the jamb of a door or of an arch, c. Project | Tayoa Portal? canted, or cut off diagonally.

CHEVERON, see Zigzag . CHEVET, a French term for the end of a Church terminating on a semi-circular plan. The great Churches of France terminate generally at the East end, in Ms Word Salon Gift Certificate Templates a semi-circle or half polygon. Assistant Project Manager? This end is Pretty Resume Resume called the chevet . CINQUE-FOIL, an ornamental figure resembling the herb clover, from whence its name. [26] CLERE-STORY, the upper story of Assistant Project Employment Portal a tower, Church, or other building. COIN, or QUOIN, the outward corner of a building.

COMPASS-ROOFED, this term applies to roofs, the timbers of which form a sort of pointed arch, by the inclination of the braces. COMPASS WINDOW, a bay window, or oriel. COPE, COPING, the covering-stones of a wall, or battlement, or of the projections of Kids School Projects On Pinterest a buttress, c. CORBEL, CORBET, or CORBETEL, a bracket; a projection from Project Portal a wall or buttress, to support an image; or the springing of an arch, c. CORBIE-STEPS, battlements rising like steps on the sides of Resume | Resume Samples gables, so called because the crows ( corbeau ) were observed to perch upon them. CORBEL-TABLE, a projecting battlement, parapet, or cornice, resting on corbels. CORNICE or CORNISH, the, highest projection of mouldings, serving as a crown to cover and finish any design. COVER, a turret or cupola on a roof of a hall or kitchen, pierced at the sides to let out smoke and steam. See Louvre . CRENELLE, the opening of a battlement, an embrasure. CRENELLATED, embattled, having the parapet or top of the wall, cut into crenelles.

CREST, an imagery or carved work, to Assistant Manager Employment, adorn the head or top of any thing. CREST-TILE, ridge tiles to cover the top of a roof, which anciently were often curiously moulded into It Manager Resume | Resume, the form of little battlements or leaves. CROCKET, CROCHET, CROTCHET, ( crochet , Fr.) the projecting parts of the foliage running up arches, pinnacles, c. The earliest consisted of a simple curve turning downwards; the second variety had the point of the leaf returned upward. r he diversity of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment foliage carved on crockets is very great: and in a few of the latest buildings of the 15th century, animals were sculptured creeping on the angles, in place of crockets. CUSP, a modern term for those segments Of circles placed in Certificate & Excel compartments to form trefoils, quatrefoils, or other tracery. DAIS, the plat form or raised floor at Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment, the upper end of antient dining halls, where the Ms Word Gift Certificate Template & Excel high table stood. Also, a seat with a high back and a canopy, for guests of rank. [27] DANCETTE, a term applied to the ancient Norman zigzag moulding. DAY, the same as Bay ; the light of a mullioned window. DIAPER, any panel, or flat surface, flowered either with carving in relief; or with colours and Project Manager Employment, gilding, was said to be diapered . DORMANT or DORMER WINDOW, a window set upon the sloping side of a roof. It Manager | Resume? DRIP, the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment projecting edge of a moulding, channelled beneath, for the rain to drip from it. DONGEON, the chief tower of It Manager | Resume a castle: the Keep . EMBRASURE, see Crenelle . ENTAIL, a term much used in ancient times, to signify any fine and delicate carving.

ENTERCLOSE, a passage connecting two rooms. ENTER-SOLE, a story of Assistant Project | Tayoa small rooms betwixt two floors of larger ones. FALSE-ROOF, the open space between the ceiling and the rafters. FANE or VANE, a plate of metal turning on a spindle at the top of a tower or pinnacle, to Rediform Order Part X 5.5", show the course of the wind. FERETORY, a shrine, properly a bier or coffin, but applied to standing monuments. FESSE, FACE, or FASCIA, a flat member of architecture, with but little projection.

FILLET, a narrow, flat moulding; also called list or annulet. FINIAL, the top or finishing of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment a pinnacle or gable, as it is now generally understood; but antiently an entire pinnacle was sometimes described by this term. FOOT-PACE, see Dais . FOOT-STALL, the plinth, or base of a pillar. FRET-WORK, FRETTED, any thing made rough with carving or entail, as small leaves, flowers, c. applied to ceilings, doors, c. GABLE, or GAVEL, the pyramidal wall which cavers the end of a roof: It is also extended in signification to the whole end wall of Pretty Ideas Resume a building. GABLE-WINDOW, the end window of a Church or other building, however large and magnificent. GABLET, a little gable, a common ornament for tabernacles, screens, c. Previous to Assistant Manager Employment, the 14th century these resembled the real gable of a roof. 7 Best On Pinterest? Afterwards, however, they were gracefully curved and terminated in a finial. [28] GARGLE or GARGYLE, the figure of a serpent or monster, with the mouth pierced, for the water spout of a roof, or a fountain to run through. GARLAND; a band of ornamental work, surrounding the top of a spire, tower, c. GENTESE, see Cusp . GREES, steps, or stairs.

GROIN, the intersection of two vaulted roofs, crossing each other. The diagonal lines formed by Project Employment Portal such compound vaulting, constitute the groin. HERSE, or HEARSE, a frame set over a coffin, and covered with a pall. A hearse of brass is over the statue in 3 X the monument of Earl Warwick in Beauchamp chapel, on which a drapery was formerly suspended. HOOD-MOULD, the outer moulding over the head of Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal a door, window, or other opening, so called because it covers the other mouldings within. | Resume? The ends of the hood-mould are sometimes finished by a return, sometimes by a head, or a corbel. HOUSES, or HOUSINGS, niches for statues. HOVEL, the canopy over the head of a statue. JUBE, A gallery with a sort of pulpit attached to the front, carried over the entrance into the choir of a Cathedral, for the reader of the lessons.

KEEP, see Dongeon . KERNEL, the same as Crenelle . It required royal license formerly, for any man to have his house or castle kernellated or embattled. KNOB, KNOPPE, see Boss . A small compartment of Manager a painted window, if of a round form, quatrefoil, or such shape, was also called a knot. LABEL, the same as Hood-mould , which see. LANTERN, a turret or cupola: see Cover. Also a smaller tower or turret, full of windows, and on the top of a steeple, or tower. LATTEN, LATTIN, or LATEN, brass. LECTERN, or LETTERN, a desk for a large book to lie on. LIGHT, each distinct opening of a mullioned window. LOOP or LOOP-HOLE, a narrow window to 3 X, light a stair case or closet. Also the crenelle or embrasure of a battlement. LOUVRE, the same as Cover . [29] LUCAINE, a window set upon the sloping side of a roof: a garret window.

See Dormant. MACHECOULIS, or MASCHECOULIS, commonly called macchicolations . Grooves or openings within the parapet of a fortified tower, for the purpose of throwing down stones, molten lead, hot sand, or boiling water, upon the heads of assailants, or to shoot down upon them unseen. MANTLE TREE, a beam laid across the opening of a large fire-place. MULLION, or MUNNION, the frame-work of a window, divided into two or more lights or compartments. NECK-MOULD, a small projecting moulding, which surrounds the neck of a column or pinnacle, beneath the capital or finial. NOSING, the projecting edge of a moulding. See Drip . NUNNERY, a term employed by Assistant | Tayoa Portal some writers, for the triforium or gallery, between the roof of the ailes and the clere-story. OEILLET, EYLET, or OYLET, a loop-hole; a small window. OGEE, or OGYVE, a form of moulding with a double curve, the cima or cimatium of It Manager Resume Samples Vitruvius.

ORIEL, or ORVEL, a bay window or compass window: sometimes applied to signify recesses, or closets, or a boudoir . PANE, the light of Manager Portal a mullioned window: the Pictures - Best Examples For pieces of glass in Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal it: the side of a spire or tower, or of a cloister. PANEL, a compartment enclosed with mouldings. The same, sometimes, as Pane . PARAPET, a low wall in Order Part - 7.87" X 5.5" - any situation, but generally applied to that which guards the gutters of a roof. If a parapet is cut into embrasures, it is Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal called a battlement . PARVIS, a porch, or court of entrance to a great Church, or palace. PENDANT, a term usually restricted by modern writers to ornaments hanging down on the inside of roofs.

PERCH, PERK, PEARCH, see Brackett and Ideas Professional Word 14 Free, Corbel . PINNACLE, a turret: a spire: any tall perpendicular ornament. POMEL, a knob, any round protuberance finishing the top of a pinnacle, or similar ornament. [30] POOP, the high ends of the seats in the antient Churches, with finials or crests carved on their tops. PRESEYTERY, the eastern parts of large Churches, kept exclusively for the use of the clergy. PURFLED, trimmed with knots, crockets, or flourishings at the edges. QUARREL, a pane of glass, oblong or square, but usually of the diamond or lozenge shape.

QUARTER, a square panel. QUATREFOIL, an ornament of Manager Employment tracery composed of four intersecting circles, and resembling a flower with four leaves. REREDOS, a screen or partition wall: the back of a fire place, an altar piece. RESPOND, or RESPONDER, a half column or pilaster attached to a wall, and responding to another, or to a pillar opposite to Ms Word Salon Gift, it. ROOD-LOFT, a gallery over Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, the entrance into the choir of the greater Churches, so called from the Rood or cross, which stood in front.

Since the Reformation the Rood lofts have become Organ lofts. ROOD-TOWER, the tower or steeple built over the intersection of the body and cross ailes of a Church. ROUND, a turret of a circular form: also a room or closet within such turret. ROSE-WINDOW, a circular window, sometimes called a Catharine wheel window, from the resemblance of such windows to a wheel in the farm of It Manager Samples | Resume Samples their mullions. SCONCE, a branch to set a light upon: a screen or partition to Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, cover or protect any thing a head or top. SCUTCHEON, a shield of arms: also a quoin or angle buttress. SHAFT, a bottel , or slender perpendicular part of a clustered column. SHRINE, a case wherein the remains of saints were preserved. SPANDRIL, applied to the arches formed within a square of a ceiling, door, or other opening: the open (or ornamented) space between the outward moulding of an arch, from its impost to the horizontal line which surmounts it above. STALL, a seat for Order Form Part -, an ecclesiastic in the choir or chancel of a Church.

Every stall was enclosed for | Tayoa Employment Portal, a single person only to sit in. STANCHEON, the upright iron bars of a window. STOUP, a post, or small pedestal for a statue. TABERNACLE, a stall or niche with a canopy above, for an image to be placed in an arched canopy over Awesome Charity Pictures Resume Examples For, a tomb: a shrine. TRACERY, a term much used by modern writers for the ornamental pattern formed by the tracing or interweaving of the mullions in a window, or the fret-work in a roof. TRANSEPT, a cross aisle.

TREFOIL, an ornament resembling the three-leaved clover. TRELLICE, a gate or screen of Employment Portal open work, whether wood or metal. TURN-PIKE, a flight of It Manager | Resume stairs winding round a centre. VICE, a spiral stair case; the same as the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment foregoing. VIGNETTE, an ornamental carving in imitation of the tendrils and foliage of a vine. WEEPERS, small statues of children or friends placed on the sides of Ms Word Salon Gift Certificate & Excel Templates a tomb, around the principal figure. ZIGZAG, one of the varieties of fretwork used in buildings of the 12th century, erected by the Normans. EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES.

THE upper half of this plate presents various modes of forming Gothic arches, copied from Project Employment 'Pugin's Specimens,' and selected from several edifices in Ms Word Salon Template | Word & Excel England. a , the common semicircular arch, usually called the Roman arch, and Assistant Project, never to be admitted in buildings of the Gothic style. b , the four-centred pointed arch. Ms Word Gift Template | Word & Excel Templates? The dots shew the place of the compasses in describing this arch. c , the equilateral, where the points of the base and crown are equi-distant. This may be called the standard form of the pointed arch, and is reckoned, by many, the most beautiful. d , the lancet arch, described from two centres outside the arch. e , the three-centred pointed arch. f , the four-centred pointed arch in another form.

g , the ogee arch, an ornamental variety, sometimes used over Project Manager, doors and Pretty Ideas Professional Word 14 Free, windows on a small scale. h , the four-centred ogee arch. i j , other varieties of the same, employed chiefly in florid tracery. k , a pointed arch, formed by the crossing of Project Manager | Tayoa Portal straight lines, the Salon Gift Certificate Template | Word & Excel Templates curves being drawn through the intersections, by the hand. 1, m, n , are four-centred obtuse arches, the centres of which are upon the diagonal lines, which are formed by dividing the base line into more or less parts, according to the height intended. The lower half of the plate presents several figures of Gothic door-ways and Employment, doors, from the same author.

o , south door-way of Tattershall Church. The waving line across the bottom, shews the plan of the mouldings. Rediform Part - 7.87" X 5.5"? One half only is Assistant | Tayoa laid down in the plate, [32/33] the other half being precisely in the same form. The date of Awesome Evaluation - Best Resume Examples this building is A. D. 1455. p , door-way from Oultin, Norfolk.

q , door-way from Horn Church, Essex, A. IX 1440. Fig. s . shews the ground plan of the same. r , door of the Project refectory of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. aa , specimen of 3 X 3 Risk Matrix panel from St. Paul's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. pp , specimen of panel from Henry the Seventh's Chapel. oo , specimen of panel from the monument of Portal Henry IV, in Westminster Abbey. rr, specimen of panel from Bishop Longland's Chapel, Lincoln Cathedral, ss , specimen of panel from the 7 Best Kids School Images On Pinterest same. qq , specimen of panel from the same. ff , specimen of panel from the same.

kk , specimen of panel from Magdalen College. mm , specimen of panel from the palace of Hampton Court, bb , a Gothic cross, in the florid style. dd , buttress and pinnacle, at Oxford. gg , finish of one of the small turrets of the palace at Hampton Court. ee , niche, or tabernacle and canopy of Assistant Project Manager Employment Portal a buttress, from the South side of Magdalen Church, Oxford. The usual plan for these recesses was a hexagon, half recessed and half projecting. ll , finial over Purchase Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5", the door-way of St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Assistant | Tayoa Employment? nu, niche of Bishop Beauchamp, from St. George's Chapel, Windsor, shewing the crocketted canopy, with its finial.

xx , part of the foliated crest which finishes the top of the above niche, enlarged. tt , finial, from Corpus Christi College. uu , finial, from Brazen Nose College, Oxford. [34] vv , plan of the tracery of the 3 X 3 Risk Matrix ceiling in the aile of Henry the Seventh's Chapel, shewing one fourth of Project Portal a compartment. ww , one half of the Form - 7.87" arch of the great window over the entrance to Westminster hall.

The tracery is confined by perpendicular lines, continued upwards from the mullions of the chief lights. The hood-mould of the Assistant Manager Employment Portal arch is terminated by the figure of a hart, collared and chained, the badge of Richard II. aaa , elevation of Chancel, drawn for St. Paul's Church, Burlington, Vt. Purchase - 2 - Shewing the Employment Portal pulpit with its canopy, the desk, the communion table, the chairs, and the doors immediately behind them, leading into the vestry room.

bbb , section of the above, shewing the canopy over the pulpit, the desk, the altar, the Chancel railing, and the steps, according to their several projections. ccc , ground plan of the same. These three figures are drawn according to the scale of feet, which is at the top of the plate, to the right. ddd , pedestal which gives an appropriate form either for a baptismal font or a pulpit, taken from Westminster hall. ccc , canopy for a pulpit or a niche, from All Soul's College, Oxford. fff , ggg , hhh shew an enlarged view of the parts which belong to Rediform Order Form Part - 7.87" X 5.5" -, a confessional in St. Mary's Church, Oxford. iii , one half of a window from King's College Chapel, Cambridge. kkk , turret from the entrance tower of Brazen nose College, Oxford. lll , turret, with a niche below, from the same. mmm , enlarged tracery shewing how to Manager, lay out all similar figures, from the oriel window of Balliol College, Oxford.

THIS plate represents the Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples interior of a plain village Church, with several of the external parts, viz. A, section of the end which contains the tower, shewing the Project Employment frame-work o the roof, the belfry, the stairs leading to the same; the organ gallery with an appropriate organ case, the doors below, opening into the vestibule, the Matrix two front windows, and the Gothic pilasters, with the Manager | Tayoa Portal Gothic arches, connecting them, and terminating in the main arch of the ceiling. In this plan, the 3 Risk tower contains the vestibule and the stairs ascending to the organ gallery and belfry, in Project Manager Employment the first story: in the second story it is divided by a partition into two portions, of which the front portion contains the stairs ascending to the belfry, and the other portion contains the organ gallery as shewn in the plate. Its third story, also shewn in Ideas Resume Template Word Resume the plate, contains another flight of stairs, above which is the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal platform where the frame-work for the bell should be placed. The windows opposite the bell may be left open, as represented in the plate, but they look much better closed with boards, planed very thin, not less than five or six inches wide, and about the same distance apart, set in the manner of a Venetian blind, sloping downwards at an angle of about forty-five degrees, and painted a dark stone color.

The sound of the bell will not be obstructed by such blinds as these, and the beauty of the tower will be much improved. But in painting the tower, the common colors of Matrix white and green should never be employed. Stone colors of different shades are the only proper colors for a Gothic building. See on this subject, Chapter VI. B. This figure shews a section of the chancel and of the Project Manager Employment interior, with the frame work of the roof, the end windows, the Gothic pilasters connected with their arches, as before; the pulpit, from the centre of which, at 7 Best Projects, each side, a Gothic screen extends to the end of the Project Manager | Tayoa Employment chancel railing, and is then turned at right angles to the wall, forming an enclosure for the steps which descend to the vestry room in the basement story, and also for those which ascend to the pulpit. Pretty Professional Word Resume? Where there is no basement, this space may be easily managed so as to afford accommodation for a robing room; without which, an Episcopal Church should never be erected. Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa? Below [35/36] the pulpit, is seen the desk; on 3 X 3 Risk Matrix, each side of which, are the doors of the Assistant Employment screen.

Below the desk appears the communion table, and at each end of the 3 Risk Matrix chancel, is a gothic chair. In front, is the chancel railing, in the centre of which is placed the font for baptism. The wall behind and above the screen shews an appropriate finish, which may be given by painting; the two oblong squares representing tablets containing the Lord's prayer, the Creed, the ten commandments, or any other parts of Scripture, according to the choice of the minister; and the centre of the wall exhibiting the sentence, HOLINESS TO THE LORD, or any other short and Employment, impressive text, in larger characters. In the plate, I have surmounted this sentence with the well known and ancient symbol, I. H. S., signifying, Jesus Hominum Salvator , with the cross rising out of the middle letter a symbol to which I confess myself strongly attached on account of its solemn and affecting signification. Many pious people are afraid of this figure of the cross, because it is used so extensively by the Church of Rome; but this is a weak and unworthy argument for laying aside any thing, which, in itself, possesses an Ideas Resume 14 Free Resume edifying and Manager, wholesome character. There would be a great improvement in the Christian philosophy of our day, if some of our brethren could discover, that there may be as much superstition in quarreling with the Church of Rome, as in agreeing with her.

C. This figure represents on Template | Word Templates, a distinct scale, the ornamental heading of the windows of the tower outside, with the Gablet, Crockets and Finial, belonging to the enriched and florid variety of the Gothic style. They may be carved at an expense which would not exceed forty or fifty dollars for the whole four windows; and Employment, they may also be cast in lead or pewter, and nailed on. I have used them in both ways, and consider them the most beautiful finish, in this or any other kind of architecture. It is not necessary, however, that they should be put up when a Church is first erected, but it should be planned with regard to their being added at a future day. D. This figure represents the ornamental heading of the other windows of the Salon Certificate | Word Church, with the lattice sash which properly belongs to the best specimens of the Gothic style. When these can be cast in Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal lead, they should be much smaller than is here represented; but when they are of wood, they cannot be conveniently [36/37] made, in most cases, of a size much less than the ordinary window sash. It is always important, however, that they should be considerably longer in their perpendicular, than in their transverse dimension s: and I should recommend a much greater difference than the plate exhibits.

The reader will find in some of the figures of the three first plates, much better models for the construction of the details of window heads and mouldings, than this. E. This figure shews an elevation of a baptismal font, which may be made square, the top containing a basin of marble, silver, or china, according to circumstances. But stone should be preferred, and the cost of marble for such a purpose, is inconsiderable. It should be observed, however, that the square form is by no means so good as the hexagon or octagon. F. This figure exhibits a side elevation of the buttress, with its pinnacle and its coping. These buttresses are built into the wall, thereby strengthening and It Manager Resume Samples Samples, securing it. If the Project Manager | Tayoa Portal Church be of brick, they may be one brick and a half oil the face, which face continues the same breadth from the Charity - Best Resume Examples bottom to Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, the top. Their projection must be not less than a brick and a half beyond the wall at the bottom, where they should be built of stone with the rest of the foundation. - Best Resume For? At the Manager Portal water table where the stone work of a brick edifice usually terminates, the Kids School Projects buttresses fall back half a brick in the form of a coping as represented in the plate: see the sections marked A and B. And opposite to the middle part of the wall, or a little below it, they fall back another half brick, leaving a projection of the remaining half brick to continue up to the top of the wall, and then extending inwards upon the wall, they are carried up to a height sufficient for the battlements, and a little above the top of the battlements, as in the plate, they finish square, a brick and Project Employment Portal, a half each way, ending with a pinnacle. In a large Church, these dimensions should be proportionably increased, and in a building altogether of stone, it will be advisable to allow something more for the buttresses in each direction.

I have been thus particular, because the buttresses are an indispensable feature in the Gothic style, and workmen are in need of minute instruction in regard to them, because they are not of frequent occurrence in Ideas Template Word our country. The copings where the buttresses fall back, should be of stone below; but above, where they have nothing to bear but the weather, they may be of wood, built in, [37/38] and Assistant Employment, painted to agree with the rest of the wall. 3 X 3 Risk Matrix? Their form in such case is marked in Manager | Tayoa Portal fig. F, by dotted lines; but the projection of the outward slope which casts off the water, ought to have a groove or channel below , which the plate should have represented. The pinnacles are best made of stone, but where economy must be studied, they may be made of Rediform Purchase Form - 7.87" X 5.5" - plank or thick boards, filled with brick and mortar, and set down in mortar upon the buttresses.

In this mode they will not cost more than one or two dollars apiece, and will last, if well put together and painted, for many years. G. This figure represents the organ gallery of fig. Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal? A on a larger scale, so as to | Resume, shew distinctly the top of a plain single Gothic pillar, with the corner and pinnacle above, and Manager, the panel work, the battlement, and the connexion of the arch beneath. The most simple method of Ms Word Salon Templates producing the effect of the Project Employment Portal Gothic panel is here designed. The front of the gallery is first wainscotted, leaving a sufficient projection to the corner posts for the subsequent finish, then the 7 Best Kids Projects panels are cut out separately, each being a distinct piece: the inner edge is chamfered three quarters of an inch each way, and the panels thus prepared, are nailed side by side upon the wainscotting. A fillet of about an inch square is then nailed over the joints, intersecting with the same above and below, as in the plate. Assistant Project Employment? The same plan is applicable to the panel of the arch, the corner post, c. the Resume | Resume screen behind the Assistant Manager Employment pulpit, and every other part where the effect to be produced is similar. The thicker the plank out of which the panel is cut, the richer will be the effect, but a full inch board will look well, and the appearance of Charity For it when finished, will be greatly improved, by painting the inside or bottom of the wainscotting, two or three shades darker than the rest; as in the plate. This minute detail may appear trifling, but it must be remembered that I am not writing for Manager | Tayoa Portal, architects, nor for men of taste and science in this branch of the arts, but for Images On Pinterest, the clergy who may never have paid the attention of a moment to the subject, until, in some distant region of our extensive country, they are called upon to preside over the erection of Assistant Project Manager a Church, with none but ordinary house carpenters around them.

To men thus circumstanced, my own experience of such little difficulties is a sufficient proof that these practical hints will he valuable. I furnish them for this reason, without any [38/39] regard to the criticisms of School Projects Images those for whom they were not intended. Utility, not fame, is my object. Happily for me,--let me take the liberty of adding,--if fame were within my reach, I should value it only in proportion as it was founded upon utility. This plate represents a perspective view of Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, the building mentioned in the preface, as being the lint fruits of the Ideas Word Resume necessity which turned my attention to the study of Assistant Manager Employment Portal Church architecture. The best part of the exterior of this building is the tower, which exhibits an example of the flying buttress, taken from Henry the Seventh's Chapel. The pinnacles of the tower are finished with crockets and Professional Resume Template Word 14 Free, finials, or purfled , according to the phraseology of the Gothic style. Fig. 4, shews a method of striking a Gothic arch from Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment four centres, which may be recommended as in good proportion.

Fig. 5, shews the method of laying out a compound Gothic window with its tracery, the part at the left exhibiting the skeleton, and the other half shewing the filling up of the detail. Fig. 3 X 3 Risk Matrix? 6, shews the base and Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa, the capital of a single Gothic pillar, taken from St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Fig. 7, shews the flying buttress on 7 Best School Projects Images On Pinterest, a larger scale. Fig. 8, shews a pendant of the ceiling, taken from Crosby hall, London.

Fig. 9. This figure represents, according to the scale below, an arrangement of the chancel, in which the pulpit and the desk are at Assistant | Tayoa Employment Portal, each side, and the altar in 7 Best School Images On Pinterest the middle, with a richly ornamented Gothic window over it. Between the window and the buttresses at the side are tablets, containing sentences from Scripture; [39/40] under which are the chairs. The entrances to the desk and pulpit are in the rear, through two low Gothic doors. The light transmitted over the altar is from the vestry room, which stands immediately behind the whole chancel. There are canopies over the pulpit and desk, on each side of Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment which rises a buttress enriched in Projects the florid style, taken from Henry the Seventh's Chapel. Assistant Portal? In the front is the Gothic railing of the chancel, with a baptismal font in the centre. Upon this plan the pulpit and | Resume, desk are in the same form, the pulpit being only a little higher. Fig. 10. This figure represents the construction of a triple Gothic pillar, which should always be preferred when the expense can be afforded, as it is Assistant Project Manager Portal both richer and Awesome Charity Evaluation Resume, more delicate in Assistant Employment its effect.

There is a fault in the plate, however, which must be carefully avoided. The circles are too large. Instead of cutting into each other, they should have just met, which would have given the best proportion. Fig. Ms Word Gift Certificate Template Templates? 11, shews a good form for a Gothic pulpit. Fig. Manager? 14, another for the same.

Fig. 15, shews the enriched buttress used in No. 9, on a larger scale. Fig. 17, shews the railing of the chancel in Ideas Professional 14 Free Resume No. 9. on a larger scale. Fig. 13. This figure exhibits a perspective view of the ceiling, the front of the galleries, and the chancel, in Trinity Church, Pittsburg. The ceiling is perfectly flat, but in order to give somewhat of the effect of the enriched Gothic style, it is crossed by spandrils from the heads of the pillars.

Where these meet along the centre, there are pendants, made in the form of that, represented in Plate 5, and the whole is filled up with a representation in painting of Gothic tracery, done in various shades of stone color. When fresh, and for Employment Portal, several years afterwards, this kind of finish looks extremely well, if skilfully executed; because it gives an accurate picture of the exquisite fretwork of the English Gothic Churches. Ms Word Certificate Templates? But it requires to be renewed in time, and workmen are not often to be found who can do it justice. Fig. 12, represents the head of Manager one of the pillars with its spandrils, as in No. 13, but on a larger scale. Fig. 16, shews the plan of the Order Form - 2 Part X 5.5" ceiling in No.

13, the part at the left exhibiting the Assistant Manager skeleton, and that, at the right, shewing the filling up, in imitation of fretwork. Fig. 19, shews the Rediform Purchase Order X 5.5" border of foliage which surrounds the oval and the segments [40/41] of circles in No. 16, on a larger scale. The idea of the whole of this is derived from the Chapel of Henry the Seventh. Fig. Assistant Project Manager Employment? 18, a perspective view of the battlements which finish the top of the galleries in Trinity Church, Pittsburgh,

THE principal figure in this plate represents a perspective view of a design for Awesome Charity Evaluation Examples, a Gothic Church, with an octagonal steeple, instead of a tower. The top of the steeple is not shewn, but a ball and vane is the usual and appropriate finish. In this design the windows are in a single row, and not doubled, as in Assistant Employment Portal Plate 6. And therefore this design is better, because it accords with the principle set forth in Purchase Order Form - 7.87" the first chapter; viz, the giving force to the perpendicular line, as far as practicable. The building at the end, is a vestry room, which agrees with the style of the main building, and the window above is to throw light into the chancel, over the altar, where the plan laid down in Plate 6, No. 9, is preferred. | Tayoa Employment Portal? In such case, however, the window over the altar should be either filled with stained glass, or covered with a transparency, to subdue the light; for otherwise it would pain all but the strongest eyes in the congregation. Fig. 21, shews a ground plan with two ailes; but three ailes are better. A, is the vestibule, containing the stairs to the organ gallery.

B, is the Kids School Projects On Pinterest space between the altar and the chancel railing which should be not less than from four to six feet. The centre of the railing shews the place for Manager Employment Portal, the baptismal font. C, is the altar, or communion table, at each end of which stands a Gothic chair. D E, the desk and It Manager Resume Samples | Resume Samples, pulpit, both entered from the vestry room behind. F, the vestry room, shewing the stairs leading to the desk, from which a plat form passing along to the other end leads to the pulpit. Fig. 22. This figure shews a section, explanatory of Manager Portal a simple plan to Gift & Excel, save the roof in a Gothic building. In order to understand it, the reader will bear in mind that the finishing the Manager Employment wall with a battlement is constant characteristic of the [41/42] Gothic style This, however, produces what is called by workmen a valley gutter that is, the Rediform - 2 Part sloping roof meeting with the wall which forms the battlement, makes a valley, or hollow, from which the water must be carried through pipes to the ground Now the practical difficulty in this case is, that no degree of Project | Tayoa Portal care in the construction of these valley gutters, is Ideas Resume Template Resume usually able to keep them from leaking In the summer half of the year, they do well enough, but in Manager | Tayoa Portal winter, the freezing and thawing of the snow upon the roof, almost invariably produces leakage, which ruins, in time, the ceiling below, occasions the plaster to crack and fall down, and makes the Ms Word Salon Template & Excel Templates building both unsafe and unsightly. The mode in which I think the whole of this difficulty can be avoided, is shewn in the fig marked 22, which is a section exhibiting the wall, the roof, the eavetrough, and the battlement, as follows, viz. c , the buttress, through which the eave-trough passes the whole length of the building.

d , the plank which forms the battlement, which is spiked or screwed to the eavetrough in such a manner, that the openings or embrasures of the battlement are a little below the edge of the eave-trough The triangular piece which projects backward from Portal this plank, is | Resume merely to give the Manager | Tayoa appearance of thickness from below, without which, the battlement would seem to want substance. e , the eave-trough, hollowed, as usual, out of solid timber, and having the outer edge an inch lower than the It Manager Samples inner The piece of plank below the trough, is for Manager | Tayoa Portal, ornament, as is also the fillet outside, and the appearance of the whole is shewn accurately in the perspective view above it, in Matrix the same plate. The operation of this is, that the battlement does not form a valley at all It is not, as in the ordinary cases, a continuation of the wall, but it is attached to the eave-trough and whenever the eave-trough fills in frosty weather, and Manager | Tayoa Portal, a thaw succeeds, the openings of the battlement, being as low, or a little lower than the outer edge of the eave-trough, ard an escape for the water, which effectually prevents its using above the edge of the roof; and 3 X 3 Risk, flowing inwards upon the wall It is cheaper than the other method, because the application of tin or lead to the valley [42/43] gutter is rendered unnecessary; and the beauty of the effect is so far from being diminished by Project Manager Employment Portal the projecting of the battlement outwards, that I think it is rather increased. Care, however, must be taken to have the Charity Evaluation Resume buttresses project sufficiently to allow of this finish, without having any part of the work to come within an inch of Project Manager | Tayoa Employment their face. The inspection of the perspective view marked No. 20, will make this plain.

THE figure in the plate, marked No. 23, exhibits the front view of the same building of which the Ms Word Gift Template | Word Templates rear was presented in Plate 7. The upper part of the steeple is quite too short for a proper proportion, and should be about twice as high from the base of the Project Employment pyramid to the top. The size of the plate did not admit of its being so represented; but any one who likes the draught in other respects, can easily make the alteration. The rest of the Ms Word Salon Gift Certificate Template tower is in reasonably good style, and Manager Employment, if well executed, would look sufficiently imposing. The windows in the body of the building are, much more numerous and nearer together than necessity requires, though not more so, perhaps, than the beauty of the building would justify, provided they were filled with stained glass, or well covered with transparencies. Their number, however, can be diminished, at pleasure. But there is one defect in this plan that would produce considerable inconvenience. It is the want of more passages of ingress and egress; the single door through the tower being by no means sufficient for the convenience of Ms Word Salon Gift Templates a congregation.

The best method of supplying the deficiency would be that which is shewn in Plate 10, fig. 25. This plate presents a perspective drawing of a design for a small cathedral, in which the roof is concealed by a rich screen of tracery, the water, however, having the same means of Assistant Project Employment Portal escape provided as formerly described, through the lower [43/44] row of Resume Template 14 Free Resume small Gothic arches. The large tower, containing the chancel and vestry room, should be placed towards the East, according to ancient custom, derived from the Manager Employment Temple at 3 Risk, Jerusalem. And two doors, one at each side of the tower would be necessary, in addition to the western door, shewn in the plate, for the ingress and egress of the congregation. The octagonal towers would afford room for Manager | Tayoa, winding stairs to ascend into the organ loft and the galleries. These octagonal towers are taken from King's College Chapel, and the great octagonal tower from the celebrated Fonthill Abbey. THE principal figure in this plate, numbered 25, represents Skirlaw Chapel in Yorkshire, and is copied from Britton's Architectural Antiquities of Great Britain. It is a much admired specimen of Ideas Professional Resume 14 Free Resume Gothic architecture for the purposes of a parish Church.

Fig. 26, represents a quatre foil opening, from Red Mount Chapel, Lynn, Norfolk. Fig. 27, exhibits a font from Binham Priory Church, Norfolk. Fig. 28, shews the capital and base of a Gothic pillar from Red Mount Chapel. THIS figure, numbered 29, presents a drawing of a Church, in simple elevation, according to the manner used for workmen. The scale is one tenth of an inch to the foot.

THE principal figure in this plate, No. 30, shews the front elevation, and fig. 31 shews the rear elevation of the same building, the side of which is exhibited in the last plate. Fig. 32, is a perspective drawing, taken from Britton, of St.

Botolph's tower, which is surmounted by a lantern, supported by flying buttresses. It is a remarkable example of the kind. THESE figures are two of the Crosses, so common formerly in England, at which the | Tayoa Employment people were in the habit of stopping to pray, and where the 3 X 3 Risk preaching friars delivered sermons to the surrounding multitudes on the Lord's day. | Tayoa Employment? I have added them to this little work, partly as an interesting relic of former days, but more because I think they might furnish beautiful models for Gothic monuments, in commemoration of Pretty Word 'the dead, who die in the Lord.' The figure on the left is the Assistant Manager Cross at Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire; and Form - 2 - 7.87" -, that, on the right, represents the Manager | Tayoa Portal Cross at Winchester, Hampshire. This last is School Images 43 1/2 feet high. There is, on the frontispiece, a representation of another,--the Black-Friars' Cross, at Hereford--which, though in ruin, retains enough of its original character o afford a useful example of the Gothic style. THE reader must have remarked, that nothing has been said of any arrangement for warming Churches, nor any place marked out for flues or chimneys.

The reason is, because these are matters which have no particular connexion with the Manager Portal style of architecture. Chimneys are deformities in Purchase Form Part - 7.87" every public edifice, and all that can he done, so long as they are necessary, is to dispose of them where they shall attract the smallest possible observation. In the Gothic style, however, the Assistant Project Portal buttresses afford an 7 Best School Projects On Pinterest opportunity for carrying up flues with great convenience, and by making the pinnacles of those buttresses of cast iron, with the opening at Assistant, the side which is farthest fom the It Manager Resume Samples | Resume spectator, the whole purposes of chimneys may be provided for, without any violation of good taste. And where this plan may not be thought advisable, the Assistant | Tayoa Portal chimney may be so designed as to resemble a turret, with battlements above, and thus be kept in consistency with the Salon Certificate Template Templates style of building. As to the modes of applying heat for the purpose of warming Churches, it is Project | Tayoa Employment Portal [45/46] beside the object of Salon this little work to enlarge upon them. I would only observe, that where a supply of heated air can be introduced below, it is, on many accounts, to be preferred before the common plan of erecting stoves in the Church itself. Best of all, perhaps, would be a recurrence to the practice of our ancestors, who used no artificial heat whatever in the house of God. But if this be too much to expect from the effeminacy of our day, it might be well to consider whether the end could not be sufficiently accomplished by conducting, at Manager Portal, the side of each aile, a stove pipe, made square, instead of round, and secured by Awesome Pictures Resume For brick or stone work so as to form a part of the Assistant Manager Portal floor of the building. In conclusion, I have only to remind the Salon Gift | Word reader of the humble rank to which this volume lays claim.

It is but the Project Manager essay of an 3 Risk Matrix amateur, designed chiefly for those who have not made architecture their study. No man can be more sensible than myself, of its defects; yet, well knowing the want of some plain and simple directory of the kind, I lay it upon Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, the altar of utility with the hope that it may be found acceptable to some of my brethren, and save them from many of those perplexities which commonly attend an attempt to Ideas Resume Word 14 Free, erect the earthly sanctuary of God. With regard to Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, credit, emolument, or reputation, I may well apply the adage, 'Happy is he that expecteth nothing, for he shall not be disappointed.' To supply the wants of the Church, in any and every department within my power, is the main business of my life; and if I have succeeded in this design to any reasonable degree, my labor will not have been in vain.

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Social Psychology : Should social psychology aim for a more integrated approach? Social psychology is the scientific study of how we affect each other by Assistant Manager | Tayoa, anything from what we say or do, to the simple act of our presence. From this descriptions it is clear how social psychology is often seen to overlap with sociology and Order indeed explains why many of its roots are there. Perhaps because of its diverse roots, the Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal, range of different approaches within social psychology can seem bewildering and, quite apart from anything else, it can be difficult to Pretty Resume Template 14 Free, see any kind of coherent whole or overarching meta-theories. Assistant Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal? In order to evaluate whether social psychology might benefit from Salon Certificate & Excel Templates, a more integrated approach it is Project Employment, useful to evaluate where that integration is occurring and whether it is producing meaningful knowledge. The standard approach to Rediform Purchase Order, most areas of social psychology has been in the creation of theories that are not overarching but more modestly aim to explain an area of social psychology but go no further. This is partly the result of a proliferation of research in social psychology that has meant that researchers tend to focus on a specialised field and take less notice of what is happening outside its narrow confines - not a situation conducive to an integrative approach. The problem with this fragmented approach is clearly seen in what are called the different 'levels of explanation' at Assistant Project Manager Portal, which social psychological research operates at. The three levels are intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intergroup and the research has tended to concentrate on one of these levels without integrating them together. This can lead to an incomplete answer to the original research question. Hogg Vaughan (2002) use the example of social psychologists tackling group behaviour in terms of intrapsychic processes - like personality - which are not amenable to explaining such phenomena as stereotyping or prejudice.

Branscombe Spears (2001) have suggested that there are ways to 3 X, integrate social psychological knowledge and outline some of Assistant Project Portal, these attempts. The continuing rise of cognitive psychology as an overarching method of Purchase Order - 2 Part - 7.87" X 5.5" -, explanation or meta-theory, has been invoked in social psychology. For example, explanations of social cognition are made in terms of information processing using neural or connectionist networks as the basis. This can be seen in a variety of experiments on the effects of motivational and emotional factors on behaviour such as that by Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, Forgas (1995). Here participants were told they were going to be involved in Awesome Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples For, two unrelated studies, the first involving watching a film which was either happy, sad or neutral. The second involved making a judgement about a person under a variety of Employment Portal, different conditions. The experimenters wanted to see how the mood state would affect the Kids School Projects Images, social judgement of the Assistant Manager Employment Portal, participants.

They found different levels of 'affect infusion' depending on the particular circumstances of the study. The main criticism of this type of Professional Template, formulation of motivational and emotional factors as somehow 'add-on' or extra factors that then modify 'normal behaviour' is that it rather isolates these factors rather than integrating them with the perception and evaluation of others. Evolutionary psychology has also had a great effect on Assistant Manager | Tayoa, many areas of 3 X 3 Risk, psychology and Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa lays claim to 7 Best School Projects Images On Pinterest, being another overarching theory - although this is more of a 'top-down' rather than 'bottom-up' theory. Evolutionary theorists such as Buss (1995) claim that parts of our behaviour can be explained in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal, terms of adaptations to the environment, both social and physical. This had become a very popular explanation with analysis often focussing on Awesome Pictures - Best For, interpersonal relationships, specifically in terms of sexual attraction and Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal how it relates to differing levels of investment in offspring. Pictures - Best Examples? Modern theorists are now, however, turning away from evolutionary theory as it tends to focus on how the distant past might affect people's behaviour today. While it is possible, perhaps probable, that evolutionary factors will be somewhat relevant, it can be difficult to see this as a complete overarching theory that can explain how people behave in Project | Tayoa Portal, modern technological societies. Both the evolutionary theory and ideas from cognitive psychology, therefore, do not provide meta-theoretical explanations on which social psychology can build an integrated perspective. Where then can we turn? Currently one of the most hopeful areas for an integrative approach as identified by both Hogg Vaughan (2002) and Branscombe Spears (2001) is in a particularly social psychological perspective. These authors suggest that one of the most successful attempts at integrating analyses from Samples | Resume, a variety of different levels - intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup - is in social identity theory (Tajfel Turner, 1986).

Social identity theory grew out | Tayoa Employment of the minimal group paradigm experiments in which it was found that people would strongly identify with even an extremely arbitrary and loosely formed grouping so as to Order Form - 2 Part - 7.87" X 5.5", prefer the Assistant Manager | Tayoa Portal, in-group members over the out-group members. This would occur with only the smallest and most subtle provocation (described in Tajfel, 1978). This theory is based on the idea that society is structured by social groupings with different levels of power and interests and that people gain their social identity from these groups. Attached to this social identity are particular ways of Samples, behaving to be adhered to. People are not limited to a single social identity though and can, and generally do, have multiple identities which can be switched between depending on the situation. To counter the criticisms mentioned earlier about levels of explanation, social identity theory is careful to separate personal identity from social identity as it is precisely the confounding of Project | Tayoa, these two levels that has drawn the censure of critics. Because of its concentration on the importance of groups, a number of established social psychological processes are also brought into the theory automatically. These include, for example, in-group favouritism and intergroup differentiation. Finally, social identity theory assumes that people have a need to - 2 X 5.5", gain a positive evaluation of themselves in relation to Employment Portal, other people. The explanations provided by social identity theory so far cover interpersonal and intergroup effects, but what about intrapsychic processes? Branscombe Spears (2001) suggest that self-categorisation theory provides another important piece in providing an Pretty Ideas Word 14 Free, integrated meta-theory.

Self-categorisation theory grew out of social identity theory and concentrates on how a person places themselves in particular social categories (Turner, 1987). Project Employment? It sees a person as choosing from a number of fuzzy categories about how to X 5.5" -, behave in particular situations as compared to a kind of prototype. This analysis brings in the more cognitive ideas of Assistant Project Portal, having a representation of a group, and the prototype of that group, and then comparing individual behaviour to that. These kinds of distinctions between levels of understanding and categorisation or identity can be clearly understood in research like that carried out by Spears, Doosje, Ellemers (1997). In this study psychology students were encouraged to compare themselves to fine arts students and then physics students respectively.

The results showed they tended to emphasise their intelligence when comparing themselves to fine arts students, and their creativity when comparing themselves to physics students. This clearly shows how people have a need to compare themselves favourably to Professional Resume, others but also effectively shows how people's image of themselves is affected by the exact nature of the Assistant Project | Tayoa Employment Portal, social comparison that they are making. The combination of Matrix, social identity theory and self-categorisation theory have been used to explain a number of Manager, social psychological phenomena. These have included social stereotyping, group formation and Resume Samples cohesion and the maintenance of self-esteem. One oft-analysed example that demonstrates the salient points is that of crowd behaviour. Assistant Project Employment? Crowd behaviour has traditionally been analysed as a function of changes in individuation and in self-awareness in an individual person. Resume? Like many areas of social psychology this analysis has come under fire for ignoring or playing down the intergroup interactions.

In an analysis of crowd behaviour based on social identity theory, these criticisms are lessened. Reicher, Spears Postmes (1995) posit that crowds come together as members of a specific social group in order to perform a particular act or protest, the result of this is that there is Project, often a high level of the sharing of social identity. But in a crowd situation there are frequently few cues as to how to behave and so people tend to look for those members of the group that they identify with and Ms Word Gift & Excel Templates copy them. To look at it from Portal, another perspective, rather than becoming deindividuated by being in a crowd, people are actually raising their social identity in this situation above their personal identity. The simple result is that people tend to School Images On Pinterest, conform to the group norms to a greater extent. Studies of riots cited by Hogg Vaughan (2002) provide some evidence for this point of view. Reicher (1984) studied the Project Manager | Tayoa, riots that occurred in 1980 in the St Paul's area of Bristol. It was found that, for example, people only targeted symbols of the state such as the 7 Best School Images On Pinterest, police and banks, they were certainly not indiscriminate. There was a strong sense of positive social identity and the crowd remained within the confines of Project Employment Portal, St Paul's rather than spreading to other areas. These kinds of findings tend to support ideas from Projects Images, social identity and self-categorisation theory.

The fragmentation and Assistant Project Manager attempts at Order Form Part X 5.5" -, integration discussed so far are those that have occurred within what is known as mainstream social psychology . However, one of the most important major differences or splits in the practice of Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Portal, social psychology came with the so-called 'crisis in Ms Word Template | Word & Excel, social psychology' in the late 60s and early 70s. This was lead by critics of traditional approaches to social psychology like Gergen (1973). What these critics were saying was that social psychology, in Assistant Manager | Tayoa, its mainstream incarnation, had become too obsessed with scientific methods that were not best suited to gaining social psychological knowledge: namely reductionism and positivism. The effect of concentrating on reductionism in Rediform Part -, psychology, it was argued, meant that accounts of social psychological phenomena tended to concentrate on intrapersonal psychology at the expense of understanding the social nature of human relations. Critics of positivist approaches claimed that social psychologists tended to place too much emphasis on the explanatory power of traditional scientific methods. They contended that it was not possible to study a person or group of people in an 'objective' way for the simple reason that effectively people are studying themselves and it is impossible to be objective about Assistant Project Manager, yourself - by definition! While traditional experimental approaches to Pictures - Best Resume, social psychology continued then, new methods began to grow from different traditions that challenged the way social psychology had been 'done' in the past. Lyons (1998) describes some of these new approaches that are often collected under the banner of 'social constructionism'. This new plurality of approaches has at its centre the idea that reality is socially constructed.

In essence this idea is that there is no objective reality so that reality which we construct (mainly) through our language should form the primary focus for investigation. Discourse analysis (Potter Wetherell, 1987) is one method of analysing our interactions with each other that involves the qualitative analysis of written or verbal text. While these new approaches to social psychology have certainly fed back usefully into the mainstream in Assistant Project Manager | Tayoa Employment, terms of the Professional Resume Word 14 Free, methodologies used, their philosophical bases are fundamentally opposed to the way that mainstream psychology is carried out. Still, their concentration on the social in social psychology can be seen to parallel the mainstream's increasing awareness in the same direction. Whether integration is Assistant, desirable, or even possible, between these two approaches is 3 X Matrix, certainly questionable. The main problem for social psychologists is that knowledge naturally becomes highly specialised and eventually ghettoised, so that there is Assistant Project Portal, little communication between specialisms and little opportunity for 7 Best Projects, the sharing and integration of knowledge. As human beings represent extremely complicated integrated systems it seems unlikely that they can be fully understood as a number of discrete parts or modules. Unless bridges can be built between the sub-disciplines of social psychology, it seems likely that much knowledge about how these systems operate will be lost between the widening cracks. There is some evidence that some level of integration might be achieved through social identity and self-categorisation theory, although the Manager, gap between mainstream social psychology and social constructionist analyses look less likely to be bridged despite the boost to qualitative methodologies in the mainstream.

Branscombe, N. R. Spears, R. 7 Best Kids School Projects? (2001) Social Psychology : Past, Present, and Some Predictions for the Future. In J. S. Halonen S. Assistant Project Manager Employment? F. Davis (Eds.). The many faces of psychological research in Ideas Template Word 14 Free, the 21st century (text-only version; chap. 7). Retrieved September 5, 2005 from Buss, D. Project | Tayoa Portal? M. (1995). Psychological sex differences: Origins through sexual selection. American Psychologist, 50, 164-168. Order Form - 7.87"? Forgas, J. P. (1995). Mood and judgment: The affect infusion model (AIM).

Psychological Bulletin, 117, 39-66. Gergen, K. Assistant Portal? J. (1973). Social psychology as history. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 26, 309-320. Hogg, M. A. Vaughan, G. M. (2002) Social Psychology, Third Edition, London: Prentice Hall Lyons, E. Resume Samples Samples? (1998) Social Psychology 1, In Psychology: An Integrated Approach, Ed. Eysenek, M. W., pp.324-355. Essex: Longman. Project Employment? Potter, J., Wetherell, M. (1987). Discourse and social psychology: Beyond attitudes and behaviour. London: Sage.

Reicher, S. (1984) St. Paul's a study of the limits of crowd behaviour. In Murphy J et al (eds.) Dialogues and debates in social psychology. Reicher, S. Charity Examples? D., Spears, R., Postmes, T. (1995). A social identity model of deindividuation phenomena. In Stroebe, W., Hewstone, M. (Eds.), European review of social psychology, Vol. Project? 6, pp.

161-198). Chichester, UK: Wiley. Spears, R., Doosje, B., Ellemers, N. (1997). | Word & Excel? Self-stereotyping in the face of threats to group status and distinctiveness: The role of group identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 538-553. Tajfel, H. Project Manager | Tayoa Employment Portal? (1978). Resume Samples? Interindividual behaviour and | Tayoa Employment intergroup behaviour. In: Tajfel, H. Charity Evaluation Pictures - Best Examples? (Ed.) Differentiation between social groups (pp.

27-60). New York: Academic Press. Tajfel, H., Turner, J.C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. In Worchel, S., Austin, W. G. Project | Tayoa? (Eds.), The psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 7-24).

Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall. Turner, J.C. (1987). A self-categorization theory. In Turner, J.C. Hogg, M.A. 3 X? Oakes, P.J. Reicher, S.D., Wetherell M.S. (Eds.), Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory (pp. 42-67). Oxford: Basil Blackwell. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Pyschology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

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