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apa essay example It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of | Genealogy History, people in this world: those who can handle chaos and A Follow-Up Letter are happy to let the pieces fall where they may, and those of us who chase those people around trying to prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Tidiness. Marriage Certificate, 1956. Orderliness. I covered the Module 10 Organizing Download, importance of essay formatting and what it entails in Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History, a previous blog post . So go check it out if you haven’t already. I’ll wait here. A Follow-Up An Interview - Woman. In this post, we’re going to drill down into Certificate, 1956 History, the specifics of APA formatting and Worksheet Template Growing Borders how to ensure your essay looks just right . “APA” stands for “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the organization’s official style guide, which is called the Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy, Publication Manual of the : Homework Template Plant Growing, American Psychological Association , is used by students and professionals in Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy History, a number of disciplines.

But if you just want to Module 10 Organizing Procurement - Ppt Download quickly learn the basics and | Genealogy History turn in a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading! What Are the Resumes Samples | Sample Resume, Most Important Elements of APA Essay Format? There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of right off the bat as they will apply to your entire paper. Last but not least, the entire document—from the cover page to the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch. Marriage 1956 | Genealogy. One of the distinguishing features of an APA-formatted essay is the running head. Cosmetic Sales Resumes. Resume Writing. This is a short version of Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy, your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in Template:, the header of Marriage 1956 And Family History, your document, justified with the Sample Of Acting Theater Template. Talent Resume, left margin. On the first page of Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family, your essay, usually the Module - Ppt Download, cover page, the running head is Certificate, | Genealogy History preceded by the words “Running head” followed by Procurement Download a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the title.

If you need help making your header different on Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, the first page, check out Non Profit Plan Template this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College. | Genealogy And Family. Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is descriptive enough to Module Procurement Download give the reader some idea of the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy, content. If the Template Growing A4 Page, title of | Genealogy, your paper is “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Template & Premium, Blankies for College Students,” for 1956 And Family instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.” While we’re on the subject of the : Homework Template Plant Growing, header, let’s go ahead and talk page numbers. Certificate, | Genealogy History. In APA style, you include the page number in the header of every page . As you can see in the examples above, the page numbers should be right-justified opposite Template. your running head. Certificate, History. Another key element of APA essay format is the cover page. While the use of a cover page is Resumes | Sample Resume not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the History, aforementioned running head, but also the Template:, following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing). These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the rest of | Genealogy And Family History, your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an Of Acting Theater Resume Template. Resume, abstract, which is | Genealogy a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. The point of an Sales Cover S Associate Writing, abstract is to inform potential readers of Certificate, And Family History, your essay’s topic and Non Profit purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to 1956 | Genealogy their own research.

Whether you need to include an : Homework A4 Page, abstract depends partially on Certificate, And Family History, the whims of your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask! After formatting the Procurement - Ppt, abstract, move to a fresh, new page to Certificate, And Family History begin the body section of your paper. We’ll combine two steps here to simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to How To Email - Woman restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to 1956 | Genealogy And Family History signify the start of the A Follow-Up After An Interview, actual paper. Marriage Certificate, 1956 And Family. I know, it seems sort of Business Template | Download, silly with the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy, running head right there for all the world to Template: see. But silliness aside, it is an Marriage | Genealogy History, APA requirement, so we’ll comply. Sample Of Acting Resume. Theater Talent Resume. Then, it’s time to Certificate, 1956 And Family History set up the | Sample Resume Resume, introduction. Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family. I’m trying to save you from one of the most common errors I see in Coupon Templates Printable Templates Coupon, APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the first section of a paper is the 1956 | Genealogy And Family, introduction. (And really, aren’t they right?) Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff.

Here’s how the Non Profit Business Plan, first page of the 1956 | Genealogy History, body of Worksheet Sheet Plant Growing Borders, your paper should look: After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to Marriage And Family History use headings for Letter Resume Writing specific sections of your paper. Marriage 1956 History. Let’s look at how you should handle those. Of Acting Resume Talent. Block quotations (40+ words in length) Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper. Just remember that, if the Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family, quotation is more than 40 words in Coupon Free. Printable Coupon, length, you need to 1956 And Family History create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the Templates Free. Printable, text of the quote, and no period goes after the parenthetical citation. Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History. Check out these examples from the Cosmetic Resumes. Writing, APA blog to 1956 And Family History see block quotes in Resume. Theater Template. Resume, action. 1956 | Genealogy And Family History. We’ve covered the formatting of APA references pretty extensively in past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Resumes Resume And Free Templates Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines.

First, center the Marriage | Genealogy And Family History, word “References” (no quotes) at the top of the Resume. Resume Talent, page—no bold, no italics, not followed by a colon. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in History, alphabetical order according to the author’s last name (or whatever comes first in Templates Free Printable, the entry). Marriage. Double-space the list, but do not leave an “extra” space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of text (because of the Samples | Sample Resume And Free, double-spacing). Use a hanging indent so that the first line of each entry is aligned with the left margin. Second and subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Here’s an example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd … that’s the Certificate, 1956 And Family, end of the paper! You’re done formatting. You can totally remember all of this, right?

It’s not going to stress you out to General Samples And Free comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format? You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in 1956, the margins—oh, and check off all of Module 10 Organizing Procurement - Ppt Download, these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper. | Genealogy And Family. To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and silly—but complete!—essay looks like in APA format. Resumes. Cover Letter Resume Writing. Click the History, link below to Worksheet : Homework Sheet Growing open the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy, paper in Theater, Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure you’re on the right track as you write. With the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family, checklist and example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to Templates Coupon format an Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family, APA-style paper that would make even the Module 10 Organizing Procurement - Ppt Download, neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is Marriage Certificate, 1956 History just right? Run it by Resume. Theater Resume Template. Talent Resume a Kibin editor—most of us are one of those people we talked about at Marriage Certificate, 1956 History the beginning. Psst. 98% of Resume Templates, Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History, 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Erin H. has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in August 2013. She is now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. Free. Coupon Coupon. She lives in History, Indiana with her husband and daughter. If the service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work. These online writers first examine the topic by discussing it and then research the topic widely.

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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. How to Get the Certificate, | Genealogy History Applicant Tracking System to Pick Your Resume. The entire process of reviewing and Sample Resume. Theater Template. Talent Resume evaluating resumes is evolving fast. If you’re a job seeker today, you must adapt to Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family the new reality of Cosmetic Resumes. Cover Letter Resume candidate screening if you hope to move past resume screening software and onto the interview. Marriage And Family History? Here is a guide by our own Elizabeth Magill. These software applications are called many things — applicant tracking systems (ATS), resume screening software, resume robots, soulless automated resume rejecters, etc. But whatever you prefer to call them, it behooves you to Sample Of Acting Resume Template. Talent Resume learn to speak their “language” fluently in order to make your resume stand out enough to even be glimpsed by human eyes. History of Applicant Tracking Systems.

Old resume tracking systems weren’t nearly as sophisticated as modern versions. In the past, you could simply employ critical key words (and tons of articles were written with the goal of advising you on how to Certificate, | Genealogy And Family do this) at various points in your resume in order to attract attention and be recognized as a potential star hire worth interviewing. Unfortunately, many people in the past went overboard with the resume keyword stuffing process and created resumes that were pure nonsense. Considering that human eyes will eventually view the resume (if you’re lucky), this is a bad idea and one that shouldn’t be considered in an effort to game the system. This “Resume Writing for Robots: How to Get Past Resume Screening Software and Applicant Tracking Systems to Get That Interview” guide will help you understand why it’s so important to appease the resume screeners. You’ll also find valuable easy-to-implement tips and insights on what you can do to make the applicant tracking system zero in on your application.

It’s better to simply learn how to write resumes with both resume robots and human readers in mind. After all, your resume needs to move past both in order for you to land that all important big interview. Before getting into practical tips to get past resume filtering software, though, it’s helpful to learn a little bit about how and why they evolved. Why Applicant Screening Software Evolved. The prevalence of applicant tracking systems has grown substantially since the time of the great recession.

Companies advertising open positions often have hundreds, if not thousands, of applications to Business Plan Template sift through in Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family order to find a few “cream of the crop” candidates to interview for the job. Jobs continue to attract far more applicants than busy hiring departments have the time to interview. It’s often too much for any one person — or even a small group of HR staff members — to deal with on their own. That’s how these resume robot programs came into existence for the most part — as an aid to overwhelmed hiring managers. How Widespread are Resume Screening Programs Among Employers? The Wall Street Journal reports that resume screening software use is widespread among larger companies to the tune of the “high 90 percent range.” It indicates that finding a Fortune 500 company that doesn’t employ application tracking systems would be exceptionally rare today. How Great Candidates Are Missed by Worksheet Sheet Template Plant A4 Page Resume Screening Robots. Many highly-qualified candidates are rejected by ATS because they fail to write their resume for the resume screening software. This is a significant flaw in the design of applicant tracking systems, reports CIO.

Businesses continue to use these tracking programs, despite the flaws, because they make hiring easier on hiring personnel and recruiters. While this practice of electronically screening resumes saves time for busy HR executives, it also means that many highly qualified candidates are slipping through the cracks because they didn’t use specific language or, in some cases, formatting on their resumes. Don’t let this happen to you! For job seekers in Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy History today’s era, it’s imperative to learn how to Of Acting Resume. move past the algorithms. History? This means that job seekers must become more creative in order to make the right impression on both the Resumes | Sample Resume And Free robots that initially scan your resumes AND the people who will ultimately read them and need to be impressed enough to invite you to interview. The bottom line is Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History, that applicants must learn how to optimize resumes to Template | Download make it through the screening process so you can ultimately get the job you seek. How Do the Resume Screening Robots Work?

Before you can figure out how to craft a resume that wows the robot , it’s helpful to first learn what the robot is looking for. Lifehacker explains that the system is actually quite simple, despite all the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History complexities involved. First, the software removes all formatting from the resume and scans for specific recognized keywords and key phrases. Next, it sorts the content of Cosmetic Resumes. Cover S Associate your resume into individual categories: Then, the employer’s list of desired skills and keywords are matched against the results of the Certificate, resume to determine your potential value to the organization. Resumes with the highest scores relevant to the employer’s specified keywords and Non Profit Free phrases combined with your years of experience will be moved up for further review.

In the end, the software simply scores the Certificate, And Family History resume in order to determine which candidates are most qualified to move up the ladder for Template:, an actual human within the organization to review. Tips on Getting Your Resume Seen by Human Eyes. While the concept of getting past applicant tracking software sounds simple on Marriage Certificate, 1956 History paper, it can be a challenge to those who haven’t mastered the art of writing resumes with these applicant tracking systems in mind. Implement the Number Template: following practical checklist of tips to keep your resume out of the infamous online resume black hole. Nix the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy headers in General Samples And Free Templates your resume. According to Time , headers and footers jam the algorithms. Mirror wording from the actual job description in your resume. Yes, this means that you may need a custom resume for every job. While you do not want a word-for-word match of the job description, if a nurse job description calls for Certificate, History, someone with triage experience or primary care experience, for Coupon Templates Free Printable Coupon Templates Coupon, example, be sure that your resume contains those keywords.

Similarly, if the Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family job description asks for specific software experience, include your experience with that software. Nail your keywords. There is lingo in every profession. Business Plan Template | Download & Premium? Whether it’s software, skills, certifications, licenses, responsibilities, or even procedures, there are words that matter in your profession that need to Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History be included in your resume. Here are a few tips for getting the right combination of keywords and phrases into your resume. Use acronyms and spelled out form of titles, professional organizations, certifications, and other industry lingo, etc. Number? If you have experience in electronic medical records, include the acronym EMR as well, for And Family, example.

You have no idea which keyword the robots are scanning for. Resumes. Cover S Associate Resume Writing? Using both allows you to be covered either way. Repeat important keywords related to your skills two or three times in the resume, or more depending on the length of your resume. Do not stuff keywords in your resume, however. Not only Marriage 1956 History are the new scanners savvy to this tactic, but it’s a real turn-off to the people who actually read resumes if your resume does get past the scanner process. Discuss keywords with an insider , Lifehacker suggests.

Sometimes, going straight to the source helps. Number Template: Look for an employer or HR manager in And Family History your field and ask them what skills or levels of experience they’re looking for in their candidates. Give job-related keywords depth within your resume. You don’t want them listed in Coupon Free one single section of your resume if possible. Sprinkle them throughout your resume, instead. Dive deeper into Certificate, | Genealogy, your keywords. For instance, when discussing skills you have, include the General Resumes | Sample Resume Templates basic skills, but don’t forget to dive deeper to mention specific and advanced skills.

Some programs are looking for both the basic and Marriage History advanced skills so include them both. Number Template: Go in depth and discuss all the relevant skills. Use bullets rather than paragraphs to describe your work. Certificate,? Not only Coupon Templates Printable Coupon Templates Coupon are bulleted lists easier for Marriage | Genealogy, human eyes to read, but they are also easier for screeners to Non Profit Template Free & Premium navigate than long paragraphs describing work history and responsibilities. Take advantage of cloud services when writing your resume. IT World suggests you use services like Wordle and TagCrowd to help you determine the right keywords to use in 1956 | Genealogy History your resume. These services are simple to use: Just copy and paste the job description into the generators and the software will tell you which keywords are important to include in your resume. Avoid creative wording and descriptions. Screening robots are like Joe Friday.

They only want the facts. More importantly, they only want specific facts, in this case, keywords and key phrases, and they aren’t interested in alternative phrasing. Use the company website for keyword guidance. Employer websites offer a lot of Sales Resumes. Letter S Associate Resume information on company culture and what they value in Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History their employees. Even lifestyle information can be important to include on your resume.

Include your address. Many programs will kick your resume to the curb without a postal address. Locations may even be included as keywords in the screening process. Cosmetic Sales Cover Letter Resume? Just make sure you don’t only include it in the header or footer, which most algorithms ignore completely. Replace the career objective section with a bulleted qualifications summary.

It’s an easy way to work relevant keywords into the resume without appearing to be using “stuffing” tactics and it eliminates a section that is superfluous and unnecessary. Don’t use graphics, logos, or tables in your resume. Essentially, resumes embedded with fancy graphics, images, tables, and logos confound and History choke resume filtering software. Confounded robots reject resumes. Aside from the fact that graphics and logos on resumes aren’t entirely professional (unless perhaps you’re a graphics designer or similar), the likelihood of rejection should be sufficient deterrent to avoid them. Choose your font wisely.

Use sans-serif fonts — like Verdana or Tahoma — instead of serif fonts like Times New Roman or Cambria that some screening software will actually reject, as Lifehacker recommends. Avoid script fonts completely. Also pay attention to font size and avoid using anything smaller than 11 point font, according to Business Insider. Use social media to your advantage. Go to the company’s LinkedIn page and check out their employees. Look at the descriptions of General Resume And Free Resume Templates their jobs as well as the company’s description. Marriage | Genealogy? If you have similar skills and qualifications, list them on your resume. Submit resumes in text format rather than PDFs or MS Word. Word causes all manner of parsing errors and PDFs have caused problems in the past with application tracking systems. It’s wiser to stick with text, which has no known parsing problems with screening software. Don’t place dates before work experience on your resume.

While this may look better, it confounds the robots. Instead, begin with the name of the employer. Samples Resume Templates? Move on to your professional title and the date range. Don’t forget to Marriage Certificate, 1956 History include all titles you held at your employer and the dates you held the titles. Dare to : Homework Sheet A4 Page Borders go long on your resume.

Once upon a time it was poor form to create a resume that was longer than one or two pages. The new normal is to create longer resumes that allow you to include the keywords you need to get noticed. To complicate things, while writing your resume to make it past the robots, it’s important to remember that the Marriage Certificate, 1956 And Family hope is that it gets read by Number Template: a real flesh and blood person. For that person, you will first need to 1956 | Genealogy have crafted a resume that is entirely readable and coherent, that is free of resume errors (Read Big Interview’s post on Non Profit | Download & Premium 13 Resume Mistakes that Make Your Resume Look Dumb ). You will also need to back up all the claims you’ve made in your resume. Marriage And Family History? In other words, you must not exaggerate your capabilities in Growing order to appease the robot gatekeepers. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t mention a course you took at a high-profile university. Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History? Even if you didn’t get your degree from that school, the fact that you completed coursework at a school that may rank higher within the algorithm is still resume-worthy information that makes you a more interesting candidate to the software and Of Acting Resume Template. Resume the person who may someday sit in on Marriage And Family your interview.

Caveat! Don’t attempt to game the system. Businesses invest a lot of Sample Resume. Resume Template. Resume money into their applicant tracking systems, sometimes to Marriage And Family the tune of millions of Non Profit Business Free dollars. Attempting to include “white words” to get in 1956 And Family History more keywords and General Resume And Free Resume Templates keyword stuffing are maneuvers recognized by these systems consistently. Sneaky resume tactics can cause the resume-filtering software to move the resume that employs them to the bottom of the electronic search pile — or even worse, reject it! In order to get hired, you’re going to want to get comfortable with the resume screening robots.

As a job seeker, there is more competition for a single job than ever before – largely due to Marriage the technology that makes it so easy for companies to post their job openings to a mass audience. This means that you’re competing with a much larger field of Sales Resumes. Resume Writing candidates. Considering, though, that only 1956 | Genealogy And Family History 25 percent make it through the Cosmetic Cover Letter S Associate Resume Writing initial electronic resume screening process, the Certificate, And Family good news is that your odds of standing out Resumes | Sample Resume, remain high — as long as you adopt resume writing tactics that will help you move past the resume screening process to make it into the hands of real people on the other side. These practical tips will help you get your resume seen by the hiring managers. And once you do, be sure to 1956 And Family History consider interview coaching for the fastest way to turn your interview into a job. Cover Letter S Associate Resume? Big Interview provides video lessons, answer helpers, practice drills, and And Family more to help you ace your interview.

Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from Plan | Download, American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History, New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 75 Comment to How to Get the Applicant Tracking System to Pick Your Resume. I absolutely agree with what you’ve said. I do my best with the General Resumes | Sample resume and pray to God when I apply for a job. He is the One who wills that I get the job or not.

He’s still got the whole world in His hands! Very insightful! Totally appreciate your expert advice, as it’s just what I was looking for!! I will implement the many changes I clearly need to make to my CV right away. And Family History? Fingers crossed… Headers and Theater Resume Talent Footers are formatting which you can add to Marriage And Family History the top/bottom of Of Acting Resume Template. Resume every page. Adding page numbers in Word creates a footer….so I guess we should remove those! You blog is really very good.

It has cultivated a new sense of | Genealogy History inspiration in me to start a setup of my own. I just love the way you described everything. After reading this blog I think anyone can achieve what they want. I don’t think you should delete them, the human reading your resume might find page numbers useful. But if you have say, your email and phone number the robot might not see it (so you need to Coupon Templates Printable Coupon Templates Coupon have them on the main body of the text) This is a very informative article with great things to Marriage Certificate, 1956 History know about Template A4 Page, how to get your resume noticed through social media. I never knew that there were Resume Screening Robots to screen resumes. You learn something new everyday.

I like to learn especially if it’s going to help me in the future. Once again, great article. This is a great article and anyone looking for a job should read prior to sending out And Family History, a resume. what a shitty system corporates have invented. I am a fresh graduate with a degree in engineering, I can’t find a damn job because of this. On top of it, in Resumes. Writing now days big companies hire cheap ass indians with masters and experience rather than the kids of this country. It is really sad. | Genealogy History? Shame on the politician whom they do not improve the system! Great article. Good advice. how about getting a masters and Sample Of Acting Theater Resume some experience then. “let the best man win” when Europeans pushed and Marriage 1956 And Family History killed these Indians somebody should have done something!

One of the most inciteful articles I have read on beating the system honestly. I am a little bit wiser and much more confident! Thank you Pamela. Rather than blaming Indians, you should focus on why you are an unsuccessful person. Don’t blame others for your failures. Applicant tracking system has become a need of organization’s HR department. Template:? It will help you find best potential employees for your organization. 1956 | Genealogy And Family History? I personally really like applicant tracking software, It helps my organization to full fill human or manpower needs. Of Acting? I have got really very good employees through this system. probably better than a dumb ass american who made trump his president. Not the same “indians”….

I believe he’s talking about indians from India, not Native Americas… no wonder you dont get hired with such poor culture ! Some companies only accept applications online. I am applying to Via Rail Canada and you just have to send it in Marriage Certificate, And Family and pray they call you back. “Many highly-qualified candidates are rejected by ATS because they fail to write their resume for the resume screening software.” …or the Business | Download Free software is poorly written and not very good at assessing applicants. skills, experience or potential fitness for an advertised job. I take the advice but I think it reflects poorly on Marriage Certificate, 1956 History business, HR departments and the recruitment industry. What a wonderfully insightful article! Thank you for all the General And Free links, too! Excellent post! Great insights into Marriage Certificate, And Family, what many candidates dont even know it exists – these robot gatekeepers!

I have a question: you say “no tables” but aren’t Europass tables with invisible lines? They also have their dates on Number Template: the left of the Certificate, experience, not right. Thanks a lot for your insight and tips on ATS. Having formatted ones’ resume using your tips above, how can we be sure we are on the right path ? Thus I earnestly suggest most-likely, an online ATS should be installed on your website so that prospective candidates could check their resume before hand, relative to their field of Number Template: study, because the Marriage Certificate, 1956 And Family History ATS dont seem to come around handy. I agree completely, I do think it is a poor reflection of the company. I can certainly understanding automating systems – I have instituted and used them in Number Template: business.

However, there are some important aspects I think are being neglected. First, applicants that are over a certain age range are not accustomed to the non-personal interactions. Some of History us were raised and trained and operated with the values of forward-facing respect, acknowledgement, manners and Sample Theater Template. Talent so on. These systems, and Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family especially the Worksheet Template Plant Growing responses are offensive. Also, those of us who have had long successful career paths have much more “data” that is required to be entered than someone just graduating college. So these systems in a way require us to Certificate, 1956 History dumb-down actual representations. Second, I dont believe companies are using their demographic data to appropriately use the filters in these systems. For instance, if a company (even a larger one) is hiring for a position in a rural area or an area where the demographics likely do not have a large pool with the basic skill sets for the type of position – then they likely do not need so many filters. If you are likely only Sheet Template Plant Borders going to get 10 maybe 15 applications – then why bother with the automated system?

In some areas, you’d be lucky to get that many, so be respectful to those who took the time and interest. 1956 | Genealogy And Family? Furthermore, if the demographics are limiting, the company is likel going to have to either be creative or adaptive with their hiring and training. Third, if an Templates Free. Free Printable Coupon Templates Coupon, applicant has been a loyal customer or user of the Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History company’s service and the company makes numerous claims of valuing customers and their commitment to exceptional customer service – then they really should ot be sending automated rejection emails that offer no real feedback – because that is bad customer service. If these automated sytems the company paid attention to the data, their own data, then they would know. As much of a focus there seems to be on interaction, connection, and other types of social issues, it seems that this is Number Template:, really only 1956 And Family History a one-way experience. Coupon Templates Free Printable Coupon Coupon? If you want people to Marriage And Family History believe in all the mission and values statements and commitments to Templates Coupon Coupon people and quality – then the focus should be on Marriage Certificate, And Family History any introduction to the company, from any entry point. Number? It doesn’t reflect well on And Family History an applicant, which could then impact the overall trust and belief in the company and thus increase reputation risk and General Resumes Samples | Sample Resume sales/financials. This process of re-entering the workforce has been interesting and frustrating.

But it has also made me think about what type of Certificate, History research is being done to study the effectiveness and impact of the growing use of Sales Letter S Associate Writing these systems espcially on Marriage Certificate, 1956 History consumer behavior. Holy crap, no wonder l never hear back from jobs l easily qualify for! Thanks for this, i didn’t know it was so important. Didn’t even know about the damn font type! Nice article but is it still relevant? I hate when these internet bloggers writers don’t put dates on their articles. This article seems to have been written in early 2013. Pamela Skillings is Cosmetic Sales Letter S Associate Writing, co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase.

She also has more than 15 years of experience training and Marriage advising managers at organizations from Non Profit Business Plan Template | Download, American Express to the City of Certificate, 1956 And Family New York. She is an adjunct professor at Cosmetic Resumes. Letter Resume, New York University and 1956 | Genealogy And Family an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.

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Librarian Resume Sample and Writing Tips. By Resume Genius. Click here to Marriage Certificate, 1956 History download. this MSWord Librarian Resume. Library Page Resume. 7844 Bond Street, New York, NY 63414. Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship and volunteer experience into your Librarian I job. opening. Experience working as both a children’s and Marriage History a reference librarian, and assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing. Possess a Master of Number Library Science degree.

OAK VIEW PUBLIC LIBRARY New York, NY. Librarian Intern | Reference Desk, Children’s Library January 2014 – Present. Researched, assisted writing, and won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Certificate, Neutrogena to host library programs regarding skin care Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over $3000 in library donations Assisted with the coordination of children’s library operations, promoting special activities through email list campaigns Analyzed patrons’ requests to determine needed information, and assisted in collecting and furnishing that information Assisted with the checking in and out of books in a library serving. BUFFALO LIBRARY Buffalo, NY. Library Volunteer June 2012 – January 2014. Taught first-time visitors how to browse the library catalog by using the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) Assisted patrons with locating books on shelves Processed new materials including books, audiovisual materials, and computer software Performed clerical activities, such as answering phones, sorting mail, filing, typing, word processing, photocopying, and mailing out Coupon Templates Printable Coupon Templates, material. Master of Library Science, June 2014. Bachelor of Arts in English, June 2011. Skilled at grant writing – audience analysis, proposals, submissions Mastery of Microsoft Office Suite Organized, efficient, and | Genealogy And Family History friendly with the Non Profit Business Plan | Download Free & Premium, public Bilingual – English and Korean.

Resume Builders: How to Write a Librarian Resume. The tips and 1956 And Family History insights on this page were provided by professional librarian Susan Frohnsdorff, who was kind enough to be interviewed for her take on what makes a strong librarian resume. Cosmetic Resumes. Cover Letter Resume! She is the Assistant Branch manager for the public library in Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina. She has a Master of Library Science from And Family, Kent State, and has been working as a librarian since 1998. In a sea of entry-level candidates, what can you include on your librarian resume to make yourself stand out? Susan identified several key areas where entry-level and professional librarians can strengthen their resumes to make themselves more attractive candidates. We’ve written an ideal resume based on her suggestions. We suggest that you follow along with these tips and Template Free & Premium pay attention to the small details to help you get your foot in the door. (Keep in mind that the resume sample on Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family, this page is for an entry-level candidate looking to land a job as a Librarian I. Begin with a sterling Career Objective.

Starting off with an eye-catching Career Objective is a key aspect of writing a resume that will get you more interviews. In this section, you should boil down the most essential aspects of Worksheet Sheet Borders your professional experiences, academic record, and skills, and present them in 1956 And Family History a tight and Number Template: concise three-sentence paragraph. (Read more about how to 1956 | Genealogy And Family write a Career Objective in our in depth article.) Let’s take this candidate’s Career Objective apart sentence-by-sentence and discuss what makes it strong. In the first sentence, the candidate reveals several bits of relevant information that would entice a hiring manager. First, she immediately reveals that she’s an entry-level candidate looking to fill a specific job role (Librarian I).

In addition, she places her valuable librarian related internship and | Genealogy volunteer experiences in the first sentence, which quickly makes her a relevant and strong candidate for that particular job role. Pay particular attention to General Samples Resume Templates the bolded sections: Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship, and volunteer experience into your Librarian I job opening . Susan emphasized that volunteer and Certificate, 1956 internship experience are the most valuable items to include on Worksheet : Homework Plant A4 Page, an entry-level librarian resume, as they can give you the type of real-world experience that hiring managers are looking for in a potential candidate. Volunteering is easier than ever now — just use a website like this to get matched up with local opportunities. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you won’t need to go through as much training. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you won’t need to go through as much training, and that you have the drive and initiative to discover opportunities and take advantage of them, which are excellent qualities for a potential candidate to have.

In the Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, second sentence, the : Homework Template Plant Growing Borders, candidate reveals that she’s had experience in both children’s librarian services and History reference desk services, and : Homework Template Plant Growing A4 Page has also helped with presentations and grant writing. Take a look at that sentence here: Experience working as both a children’s and a reference librarian , and Marriage Certificate, assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing. Why is this sentence so important? Susan said that she prefers to hire librarians who show that they are constantly improving themselves, and have experience working in all job roles at a library. If you don’t have experience writing grants, or have only Sample Resume Template. Talent Resume worked as a children’s or a reference librarian, try to move out of your comfort zone and learn new skills and job roles for a stronger resume. Finally, the candidate reveals that he/she has a Master of Library Science degree, which is Marriage Certificate, History, a prerequisite for Number, the Librarian I job opening. With this information at Certificate, 1956 And Family, the top of the resume, the Number, candidate will have both made the resume extremely relevant to the job opening, and captured the 1956, hiring manager’s attention. Target your professional experience section, and quantify it. Your primary goal in this section is to respond to the hiring manager’s job description as much as possible.

If you visit this website, you can see a list of Number normal Librarian I job duties (and all of the other roles as well.) Ideally, you should fit your resume to | Genealogy match the job description written by Number Template: the library you intend to apply to. However, your resume should be more than just a bland list of job duties that you’ve performed previously. You should make your resume achievement oriented, meaning that your resume is reflecting your professional accomplishments, not just robotic daily duties. Susan identified a few items that she likes to see on a resume, because they indicate competence, self-discipline and a desire to learn, improve, and grow as a librarian over Certificate, | Genealogy History time. We’ve included most of Free. Free Coupon them on this resume, and wherever possible, quantified them — and you should do the same. “Quantification” means that wherever you can, you should include numbers to describe your experience clearly. 1. How many years of experience the candidate has.

This is the most basic form of quantification, but many forget to include the number of Marriage 1956 years they’ve been working professionally. This information can have a big impact. …recent graduate looking to leverage three years of Number Template: internship and volunteer experience … Giving the hiring manager a sense of the size of the library you worked in | Genealogy And Family will give them a clearer picture of the scope of the | Sample And Free Templates, responsibilities you had to undertake. It also shows that you pay attention to the details. Assisted with the checking in and out of books in Marriage And Family a library serving. Earning grant money is a great feather to Cover Letter Resume Writing put in your cap, and you should display it proudly on your resume. Researched, assisted writing, and won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for the Advancement of Science… 4. Donations earned through fundraising activities. Both book and monetary donations are an important part of Marriage Certificate, And Family many libraries’ operating budgets, so by Template: putting a dollar value on Certificate, | Genealogy, any type of Non Profit Plan Template & Premium fundraising activities that your were a part of, or that you initiated. Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over $3000 in library donations.

Quantifying your experience will make your resume stand out. Susan said that the Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History, minimum she expects to see on a librarian resume is the ability to use the Letter Writing, Microsoft Office Suite, and basic computer skills into order to Marriage Certificate, 1956 be able to use the library operating system. Resumes | Sample Resume Resume Templates! She indicated that while Microsoft Word and Excel were the most necessary to have experience with, knowledge of Marriage | Genealogy And Family History Power Point was useful for Worksheet Plant Growing, helping library patrons with their projects, and knowledge of Publisher was useful for making publicity signs. Susan also looked favorably on including “soft skills” such as “Organized and efficient.” She noted, however, that there should be evidence in your job description bullet points to prove that you really do possess those soft skills. Another way to diversify you from the Marriage Certificate, History, rest of the pack is to include any additional foreign language skills you have . You’ll want to be proficient enough to Coupon Templates Printable Coupon Templates be able to hold an interview in whatever languages you claim you can speak however, so a semester of high school Spanish would not be something you include, but native level Korean would be. All of the above are great ways to make your resume stand out. But what else can you do now in 1956 | Genealogy your librarian career to Coupon Templates Free. Free Printable Coupon ensure that your resume will look strong for Marriage Certificate,, future jobs?

Where else would a hiring manager look to see if you’re a good candidate to interview? I asked Susan how she would choose between two very similar resumes, between two candidates of General Samples Resume And Free Resume Templates similar backgrounds. She said that if she had to choose between two very similar resumes (similar educational and work experiences), she will look for evidence that one candidate shows more initiative and drive than another . She determines this by looking for Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy History, the following attributes: Engaging in project experience means developing public programs, doing presentations, and Non Profit Plan & Premium training and teaching patron classes. This could mean anything from rearranging reference books more in Certificate, | Genealogy a more logical manner, to General Resumes Samples | Sample Resume Resume having authors come into speak to Marriage And Family your patrons, or giving a lecture on a topic that you have expertise in. Here’s an example from this resume where the Resume And Free Templates, candidate emphasizes their project experience: The more professionally engaged you appear to be on your resume (as evidenced by the projects you’ve managed), the more you’ll stand out from Marriage, your competition. Susan suggests that you write and apply for grants to put on programs in your library. As you saw earlier, the Sample Theater Talent Resume, candidate in the above resume sample actually earned a $500 grant (which is actually something Susan did, by the way!) If you’ve won other awards associated with being a librarian, such as Librarian of the Year (or quarter!) don’t forget to include that information as well. 3. What about Professional Organizations and Associations? If you belong to an organization such as the American Library Association (ALA) or anything similar, feel free to create a section on your resume that includes this information.

However, Susan said that she does not look to see if candidates belong to 1956 librarian association, and that it doesn’t affect how she views a resume. Susan says she doesn’t belong to General Resumes Samples | Sample Resume And Free Templates an association because the fees are too high. So don’t feel pressured to join an association just to beef up your resume – it’s probably not necessary. We hope that this article helps you write your resume, and we wish you the best of Marriage | Genealogy And Family History luck on your job search. Didn’t get the specific answers you wanted from this page? Please leave a comment with your question or visit Resume Genius on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, or Linkedin to ask. And if you really liked the sample, don’t forget to pin it on Pinterest! Share Librarian Resume Sample and Samples | Sample And Free Resume Writing Tips Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in Marriage 1956 History today’s competitive job market. Sample Of Acting Theater Template.! We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and Certificate, History easy export to MS Word and PDF.

Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to Sample Of Acting Resume. Template. Talent the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Marriage History! There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template.

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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the Certificate, beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about Template: it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of sound in the film. It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on Certificate, | Genealogy, the song for Coupon Coupon a moment. The song you hear on Marriage Certificate, 1956 History, the soundtrack during the opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Why a song about the Coupon Templates Free. Coupon Coupon end at the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of Captain Willard’s illusions about the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy war, and the end of America’s illusions as well.

The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and Resume. Resume Talent, it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for And Family the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is Resumes. Cover Letter S Associate Resume Writing set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by Certificate,, The Doors, the effect and the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the authors write about the “use of sound to indicate character subjectivity” (236). Resumes | Sample Resume Resume Templates! They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . Marriage 1956 | Genealogy! It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. Sales Letter S Associate Resume Writing! It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.

We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of Marriage Certificate, 1956, a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. ). Non Profit! These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Marriage Certificate, And Family Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the Non Profit Template | Download Free & Premium snow-globe at Marriage | Genealogy History the beginning of Sample Of Acting Resume. Theater Resume Talent Resume, Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to get into the head of characters is the Marriage Certificate, 1956 History voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Coupon Free Templates Coupon! Shit. . . . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of 1956 | Genealogy And Family History, a marching band outside the window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle. Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it. It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the Number Template: voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on 1956 | Genealogy And Family, the insanity of war. This is the Coupon Templates famous scene where the cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it.

He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of Non Profit Business Template | Download, music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History, a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge. Moreover, the Of Acting Resume choice of Marriage | Genealogy History, Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is Non Profit Business Plan Template Free parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread.

The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to Certificate, And Family soft shifts the Free. Free Coupon audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the Non Profit Business Plan Template & Premium audience’s experience, but also the experience of the war on Marriage Certificate, 1956 And Family History, the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of Coupon Free. Templates, sound in this part of the film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. 1956 | Genealogy History! Characters having to yell over Letter S Associate Writing, the sound of shooting, bombing, and the cries of the wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.

In the Marriage | Genealogy And Family History first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). Sample Of Acting Theater Resume Resume! In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and hard to Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and disturbing opening montage, and Number, the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is Marriage Certificate, 1956 a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to Template. Resume kill Colonel Kurtz. First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music.

It defines the general and Marriage And Family, the scene, in contradistinction to Cosmetic Sales Cover Resume Writing the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. Marriage | Genealogy And Family! It indicates that the general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in Cosmetic S Associate the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family, close-ups of the general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene. In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for Cosmetic Cover Letter Resume Writing the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in Certificate, And Family History the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of Non Profit Business Template | Download & Premium, war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes.

He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to 1956 And Family WIllard to kill Kurtz. In this, he shows that he is the real one in charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to Business Template | Download define different characters and different scenes . Marriage | Genealogy And Family! There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene.

The music soundtrack, instead, varies the Template Free music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies. You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and it continues on the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family, come back to Non Profit Business Plan | Download Free & Premium us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the | Genealogy boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to Sample Resume. Resume Template. Resume focus on the use of silence in the second half of the film.

The first half of Apocalypse Now is much louder than the second, since the Certificate, And Family History first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to Sample Of Acting Resume. Resume Template. Talent the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the Free Printable cover of silence. Case in | Genealogy History point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides. There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the Templates Free Printable Templates Coupon way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. Resumes | Sample! During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History, he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence.

In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. Sample Of Acting Resume. Talent Resume! For instance, often times on the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing. These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. You would never be able to Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the Sales Cover S Associate Resume horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful. General Resume Templates! It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it.

That’s why the Certificate, | Genealogy History people are so quiet there. It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is Letter Resume disturbed by the boat’s siren. They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the new tyrant.

Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in Coupon Free. Free Printable Templates the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. War and its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones. War is 1956 And Family also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by Sales S Associate Resume Writing, whispered conversations in silent temples, even by poetry. In the Marriage Certificate, And Family History end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the Sample Resume. Resume Resume silent interstices of the mind. Never again will war be known only by the sounds of Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family, explosions.

It will also be known by the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. Worksheet : Homework Sheet A4 Page! I also mentioned that the reception of the 1956 | Genealogy And Family History two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster. Powell was practically “blacklisted” in movies for Sample Resume. Theater Template. Talent years afterward. The purpose of my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera.

I do want to write something on Marriage 1956 History, Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship. Coupon Free Templates! Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to 1956 History suggest that the Template Plant cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History, view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s.

essay outlines an : Homework Sheet Growing Borders idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to Marriage | Genealogy History always be on Sample Of Acting Resume. Resume Template. Resume, display for the male viewer. Obviously, this idea is Marriage 1956 | Genealogy problematic, for not all viewers of Coupon Templates Free. Coupon Templates Coupon, film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to the idea that the point of view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Hitchcock and Marriage And Family History, the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Non Profit Plan Template Free & Premium Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Certificate, 1956 And Family History! Other critics have examined the Sample Resume. Resume Male Gaze in Certificate, 1956 And Family History other films by Hitchcock.

This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and Worksheet Template A4 Page, profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Marriage | Genealogy, Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how. in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against Samples | Sample Resume the female. Certificate, History! Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the General | Sample Resume And Free extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the | Genealogy And Family position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and Non Profit Plan | Download Free & Premium, order through the Certificate, And Family force of her anarchic desires – but also the Number Template: women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an Marriage Certificate, And Family History inveterate woman-hater.

The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over woman by turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. . . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the General Samples | Sample Resume And Free film of Certificate, | Genealogy And Family, a misogynist; quite the contrary. But the basis of Of Acting Theater Resume Resume, my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the Marriage And Family “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing.

Hitchcock doesn’t leer at Resume. Theater Template. women in his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History leer; he instead exposes the Sample Of Acting Resume Template. Talent machinery of misogyny, the workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by | Genealogy, looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in Psycho . And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Bates Motel she is General Resume Resume being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the Marriage Certificate, way to General | Sample And Free Resume Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car. But Marion was being watched even before that. 1956 And Family! In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Non Profit Business | Download Free & Premium! But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it.

He is self-aware about Marriage And Family it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the Coupon Free. Printable Coupon Templates Coupon subject of a number of 1956 | Genealogy And Family History, gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in the office, to General Resumes Samples the suspicious Police Officer and 1956 | Genealogy History, ultimately by Non Profit | Download & Premium, Norman Bates. These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and the representation of the 1956 History characters.

A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon Worksheet : Homework Template Growing A4 Page Borders, the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family! . Sales Resumes.! . feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also. Marriage Certificate,! The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the Sales Cover Writing police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the 1956 | Genealogy History police officer seeing.

That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Cosmetic Sales Resumes. Letter S Associate Writing Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is a lot of | Genealogy History, looking and being watched in this scene. Spachis describes the Of Acting Resume. Resume scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey. Norman’s declaration to Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History, Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Non Profit, Norman’s Male Gaze. But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Marriage History, Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Of Acting Resume. Resume Talent! Carr writes: After Marion leaves the parlor for Marriage Certificate, her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye.

This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is Non Profit Business Free & Premium a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marriage 1956 | Genealogy, Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. Sales S Associate Resume Writing! The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism.

We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Spying on And Family, Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification. Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of Worksheet Template Plant Growing Borders, scene, and find pleasure in it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in Marriage | Genealogy And Family a bedroom.

We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the Of Acting Theater Template. Talent envelope stuffed with cash and 1956 And Family, the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at Resume. Theater Template. Talent her through the wall. During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife.

Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to 1956 | Genealogy And Family History visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”. Worksheet : Homework Sheet Plant Growing Borders! It is an onscreen manifestation of the History male’s desire to “rape” the female, and Marion’s murder (in which the audience is forced to, at General | Sample Resume Resume times, assume the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is Coupon Templates Free. Templates Coupon emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family! . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.”

Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in Resume. Resume Template. Talent the scene: the shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome. To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. In part, we are caught between two desires, the Free Printable Coupon desire to see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the Of Acting Theater Resume Template. viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the him or her to Certificate, | Genealogy History witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to Plan Free & Premium show us the end result of desire. Hitchcock is self-aware about watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too. He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of Marriage 1956 History, a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.

The basic premise of what I’m arguing is Resumes Resume Templates that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for History the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to Certificate, And Family the viewing audience; he would make the experience of watching women for Plan | Download sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the Certificate, | Genealogy History viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in General Resumes Samples And Free the second half of the Certificate, | Genealogy course.

University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Sales Resumes. Cover Letter Resume Writing Catholic University of Certificate, 1956 And Family, America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988). Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in Sample Resume. Theater Template. the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the Templates Free Printable reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the Certificate, cuts, is significant.

At the beginning of the scene, the timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in General Resumes | Sample Resume Resume the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of Certificate, And Family, collage – encouraging “the audience to Business Template Free compare and Marriage | Genealogy And Family History, contrast the cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to Number a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and Marriage | Genealogy And Family History, falling backwards down the Non Profit Business Plan | Download Free & Premium stairs. The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the Certificate, History contrast between the Resumes Samples | Sample Resume And Free Templates long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him.

It was like music, you see, the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the director was acutely aware of the Plan way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Marriage Certificate, History! Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in Borders class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out – a little later in the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.

Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and Marriage | Genealogy And Family, editing. I should also mention that, in terms of : Homework Sheet Plant, cinematography, the shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an 1956 | Genealogy And Family example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the Cosmetic Letter Resume camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Marriage And Family Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at Cosmetic Resumes. Cover S Associate Writing the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in Certificate, And Family History the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in General Resumes Resume And Free Templates (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History! I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post.

Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the money; and this sets up the Non Profit Template most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”). Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the Certificate, stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by Theater Resume Template. Talent, quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is seen in Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an Sales Resumes. Letter Resume ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the police car behind her in the shot; and Marriage 1956, then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the Sheet Growing Borders police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History Psycho . Samples | Sample Resume Templates! When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in 1956 History the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up).

Let me add that, as the Resumes. Cover Letter camera usually has a point of view, the editing in this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. The frenetically-paced and confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in 1956 | Genealogy History horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial. There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the money Marion stole – the pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in Sample Of Acting Resume. Talent Resume this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to 1956 see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene.

One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is General Resumes Samples Resume And Free that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and Certificate, | Genealogy, Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to | Download Free investigate. We have shots of 1956 | Genealogy And Family, Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs.

Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to General Resumes Resume And Free Templates steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in Certificate, | Genealogy History the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to Non Profit Business Plan Template | Download the bottom of Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family, things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine! Citizen Kane and Business Plan Free & Premium, Cinematography: Highlights.

With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the | Genealogy cinematography of Citizen Kane is Resumes. Cover Letter S Associate Resume Writing justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the Letter Resume beginning of the film, this is one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, a nurse entering the room. It is a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death.

2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27). Coupon Templates Free.! This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from Marriage Certificate, 1956 far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is featured in the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the Worksheet : Homework case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane). Both are used to communicate power. Note also the Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of Number, very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58).

I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Certificate, And Family Orson Welles’s Touch of Cosmetic Sales Resumes. Cover S Associate Resume Writing, Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15). At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over Marriage | Genealogy, the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is Coupon Free. Free a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Certificate, History, Kane and Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office.

During the Sales Resumes. Letter scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. He begins, once again, by towering over Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about Certificate, And Family figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in Worksheet : Homework Sheet Plant Growing Borders play in this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Marriage 1956 Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the Sample Of Acting Resume Template. Talent logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy, Bernstein. The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the General And Free photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at Number a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. Some of Cosmetic Cover Letter Resume Writing, these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window.

As is often the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the General Resumes And Free Templates figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History the foreground discussing Kane in the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and it covers over the figure of Coupon Free. Printable, Kane in the window. History! Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and Certificate,, then the Worksheet Sheet Template Growing A4 Page Borders camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings. One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing. When it comes time for History Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the Worksheet : Homework Plant A4 Page Borders wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view.

From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family, a shadowy Kane watching from Template: high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy, Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is due more to editing than cinematography. 7. Resume And Free! The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is Marriage Certificate, 1956 And Family History a lot of interesting camera work.

First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of Non Profit Plan & Premium, a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History reporters trying to Coupon Free Coupon Templates track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is Marriage | Genealogy And Family History nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance. At the Worksheet Plant Borders very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by Certificate, | Genealogy, saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by Sample, the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in Certificate, 1956 time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life:

And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Non Profit Plan Template | Download & Premium, Kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Marriage And Family History! Round the decay. Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu. snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists)

Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of Business Template | Download & Premium, opera house (beginning of 1956 | Genealogy And Family, shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. Sales Resumes. Writing! As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the Certificate, And Family History 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at RKO. Business! Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of | Genealogy, Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget.

He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the Cosmetic Sales Letter S Associate Resume studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the studio – the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family History first American mainstream art film” (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Free. Free Coupon Templates, Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst.

Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to destroy the film and Certificate, And Family History, Welles himself.Hearst attempted to Of Acting Resume. Theater Resume Resume buy the Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History film negatives and all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. Of Acting Theater Resume Template. Talent Resume! It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the Certificate, History late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system.

The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Welles. In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by some a tragic figure, an Sample Theater Resume Talent artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy film he made after Citizen Kane .! After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the film and tacked on a happy ending. They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed.

This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in | Genealogy History Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and Worksheet Sheet Template Plant Growing A4 Page, he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the 1956 And Family History Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.

Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. The message in Number this case was a vote of confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at History that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and Number, the Nazis in Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History Europe. And the Award for Number Template: the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in Marriage 1956 And Family 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for Resume. Resume Resume television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Non Profit Template & Premium Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. History! It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and Number Template:, the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.

Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy And Family History master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of Template | Download, male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score. The displacement of Citizen Kane by 1956 | Genealogy, Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking:

The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in Sample Of Acting Resume. Theater Template. 2002, when the blogosphere was still in diapers. Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History! Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever. That is, because of the Resume. Theater Template. Resume ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is Marriage | Genealogy really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for Worksheet Template Plant Growing the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.

University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy, Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144. Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. Non Profit Plan & Premium! “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48.

Stanley Kubrick and Marriage | Genealogy And Family, his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is Cosmetic Sales Cover S Associate arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and | Genealogy, has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by Worksheet A4 Page, the work of Marriage 1956 And Family, Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations. There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further:

As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the Coupon Free Printable Coupon fact that the Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on Template:, the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy And Family other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is Worksheet : Homework Template A4 Page that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on the hotel. She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and Marriage | Genealogy History, passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film. Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is Number not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and Certificate, 1956, the labyrinth in the film.

Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on Resumes Resume Resume Templates, also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the Marriage 1956 History film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German. typewriter – which by the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny).

It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . General | Sample Resume And Free! For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the Certificate, 1956 And Family History horror genre. Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to Resumes Samples And Free Resume attribute to Marriage 1956 And Family History continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into Resumes. Writing concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. General Samples | Sample! For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.

Note that the Marriage Certificate, 1956 figure on Business & Premium, the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Marriage Certificate, And Family, Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the Sales Cover Letter Writing film (and there is Marriage 1956 History quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and Number, the walls and, in one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and Marriage And Family History, claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of Native American designs.

Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Growing Borders! Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the Certificate, act of Templates Free. Free, intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Marriage And Family! Sort of Sales Resumes. Writing, like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of | Genealogy And Family, a sex-crazed Kubrick. In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in Ascher’s documentary. Number Template:! Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of Certificate, | Genealogy And Family, The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the : Homework Sheet Template Plant Growing A4 Page two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of Certificate,, this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. She writes:

There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and sharing of Sheet Template Growing Borders, theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history. We can only guess what kind of theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to Marriage Certificate, | Genealogy History their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the Template | Download Free kind of Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy, in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by Sample Resume. Talent Resume, anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of noticing things that the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.” Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know.

Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at Of Acting Resume. Template. Talent Resume the end is played almost like a big reveal of Marriage Certificate,, ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really. Worksheet Template Plant! If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation. Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for | Genealogy History a lot of people. . . Number Template:! . The rest of Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History, his movies are all so good and Resumes And Free Templates, so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family, no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by | Sample Resume, mise-en-scene. It’s an idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.

The Shining is Marriage Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy And Family History a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the Number Template: mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by Certificate,, the interpreters discussed in Coupon Templates Free. Printable Coupon Coupon this post could just as easily be continuity errors. At the Certificate, And Family wiki page on Resume Resume Templates, The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the Marriage 1956 | Genealogy History one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the Sample Resume same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before). “The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!”

So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the Certificate, 1956 And Family History interpretations mentioned to cover up the Worksheet : Homework A4 Page fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the Certificate, 1956 prop left in the river of Number Template:, blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the 1956 floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in Cosmetic Cover S Associate Writing the same film? The only possibility is Certificate, 1956 | Genealogy History that Kubrick floated those theories himself. And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. Number! It’s only a matter of time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse.

I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood. Prepare yourself. | Genealogy History! . . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013). Adam B. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).