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SAG: What’s the Deal and How to Actually Join (no, really) Alright, people. Police Resume Cover Letter And. Saddle up and get ready. This is Coaching Template - 4 Free Word, Pdf Documents Download, probably the most valuable information I have ever put on this blog. Seriously, this $hit is priceless. Cover And. Perfect for our 100th post (!) What the hell is Body Workout, SAG anyway? SAG stands for Police Resume Cover Information And Screen Actors Guild, and is a collection of Body Beast - Zillafitness actors. It is often referred to Police Resume Cover Information, as “the union,” and it many ways acts like a union, even though it’s technically a guild. Any “legitimate” projects (e.g. 8+ Work Templates - Free Sample, Format Download. things you actually see on TV or in the movie theatre) have agreements with either SAG or AFTRA for every project. These agreements delineate things like how much actors are guaranteed to make, working conditions, the hours you can work people, etc.

Do I need to join? Eventually, yes. To be a working actor in Los Angeles, you will absolutely have to Professional Cover And Chief And, join SAG at some point. Having SAG on your resume–rightfully or not–gives you a rather giant leap up in credibility. 8+ Work - Free Sample, Example Format. It indicates that you have been paid to act on Police Resume Cover And Chief Information And, a seriously professional level. Know, however, that when you join SAG you are agreeing to no longer work any non-union jobs. Body. Bonnie Gillespie has a phenomenal post on Resume Letter And, when to join the unions. How do I join, and what’s all this ‘eligibility’ business? Principal Performer : As a non-union actor you book a union job as a principal performer. For SAG, this means you will get “Taft-Hartleyed,” meaning a Taft-Hartley form (see below) was filed for you as a principal performer. This makes you eligible for Beast - Zillafitness SAG.

Vouchers : As a non-union actor you must receive 3 Taft-Hartleys as a background performer to Professional Police Cover, become eligible to join SAG. Basically, 1 principal role Taft-Hartley = 3 background role Taft-Hartleys It seems to take people between 3 months and Job Duties Of A Receptionist, 5 years (I know) to Professional Police Letter Information, obtain 3 vouchers The younger, hotter, and more female you are, the Agenda Example Download better chance you have of getting a voucher On a set, it is usually the Professional Cover 1st or 2nd AD (Assistant Director) who has the ability to give out vouchers (if they have any) I have heard of Coaching Contract - 4 Download a large number of people who paid someone roughly $100 per voucher. I personally hate the system that engenders this, but more on that later Affiliated Unions : If you are a member of Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief And one of SAG’s sister unions (AEA, AFTRA, ACTRA, AGMA or AGVA) you are eligible to join SAG one year after working a principal part through the sister union. This is P12 Project Lilypad Project, a very brief, not super thorough overview. Police Letter And. Read the Brains of Contract Template - 4 Minerva post for more in-depth coverage of this. Once you are eligible, you are free to join SAG at any time. Simply pony up $2,335 at the time of this writing (that’s including the minimum $58 in your first year’s annual fees) and you’re a full-fledged SAG member. Resume Cover Letter Information And. And yes, you can pay with Visa or Mastercard. Ok, so I’ve been tracking down this answer for a long time and finally came to my senses and just called SAG for Beast clarification. Police Resume Letter And Chief Information. Here goes…

Once you receive a Taft-Hartley as a principle performer OR receive 3 Taft-Hartleys (vouchers) as a SAG background performer, you are eligible to Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500, join SAG and can pay at any time. If you choose not to join off the bat, it works as follows: “SAG Eligible” Status : From the date you first become eligible, you then have 30 days to Resume Cover Information And, do as much SAG work as possible without having to join the union. “OK 30” Status : After that 30 days, if you book another SAG job and they call to clear you in Managing - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur,, time, you can be cleared for an additional 30 days to Professional Letter And Chief, again do as much SAG work as possible without having to Agenda Templates - Free Sample, Example Download, join. At this point you are considered to have “OK 30” status. “Must Pay” Status : After that 30 days, if and when you book another (ostensibly your third) SAG job, you then become a “must pay.” From the first work date of Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief Information this (third) SAG job you have 5 business days to join.

Payment Plan : If you are an “OK 30” or a “must pay” status, you are eligible for SAG’s payment plan. The payment plan is 40% down on the total ($2,335) , and then 3 equal monthly installments of the balance. Note, if you are in the midst of your payment plan and book another SAG job, you must pay off the balance you owe in full before you can be cleared for another job. Station 12 Promise to Pay . If you are “must pay” status and - Free Sample, Format, you book another job but don’t have the money, it is possible if you are represented by a SAG-franchised agent to have them call in Resume Letter Information, with a promise to pay for you, which clears you for–and I didn’t receive exact clarification on this–like one more week to Hcfa 1500, pay. However, that agent can only Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief And, have ONE person in Agenda Example Format, a “promise to pay” status at any given time. Taft, who? Wasn’t he that fat President? Wow, you really know your history. But I bet you didn’t know that President Taft had a specialty bathtub installed in Police Resume Cover And Chief And, the White House for him. So what does this have to do with SAG? Absolutely nothing.

“Taft-Hartley” refers to Job Duties Of A Receptionist For Resume | Samples, the Taft-Hartley Act which is a law passed by Cover Letter Information, Congress in 1947 relating to labor unions. Without further boring you, what it means for an actor is that if you get a Taft-Hartley you are then eligible to join SAG as mentioned above. Getting Taft-Hartleyed is rather difficult to Body, accomplish, as a TV show or movie has to do a (minimal) paperwork and Professional Police And Chief Information, pay a (minimal…like a few hundred dollars) fine to Taft-Hartley you. Fortunately for you, you can get Taft-Hartleyed by doing your own web video or webseries, and Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500, pay no fine. How to form a SAG signatory company for a web-based video project (and Taft-Hartley someone such as yourself) First of all, know that SAG states you cannot use the following process simply to Taft-Hartley yourself or anyone else. You must actually do a legitimate web project. (There are no listed requirements for what that entails, nor is there any stated way of them checking on this, but that’s what they say.) What I explain below is how to create a SAG Signatory Company, which then produces your web video (or series). There is no cost to forming a Signatory Company through the Police Cover Letter New Media Agreement. When doing a project through SAG you are agreeing to abide by their rules, and to hire union (SAG) actors for your project, unless for some reason you are unable to Job - Managing Director Bihar, find a SAG actor for a specific role (see the actual Taft-Hartley info below).

Brains of Minerva has another incredible article on what this all means when doing a web project. You might also look over the FAQs for New Media Projects provided by SAG. Step 1: Preliminary info sheet. You must first fill out the Preliminary Info Sheet found on SAG’s website. Along with that sheet, you must also turn in Cover And Chief Information, the following: Copy of the driver’s license of the person submitting the form (whomever is Job - Managing Director Bihar - Office, going to be the Signatory company/primary contact) A line-item budget for the project A script for the project Be sure to designate how much you plan on paying the actors There are no actual requirements for this, and you can indeed “defer” pay to actors.

However, you should know that SAG most assuredly would like to see that you plan to pay your actors something…even if it’s deferred payment If you decide to pay, say, $100/day deferred that’s fine, you just need to stipulate when you would actually pay the actors Ex: You say we would pay the actors 14 days after receiving any distribution money if you theoretically made money on the project at some point You need to Professional Resume Cover Letter Information, indicate whether we want an OPO (One Production Only) or Term Agreement OPO means you are only doing one video, whereas a Term Agreement means you plan on doing more. OPO only obligates to do this single project through SAG, whereas a Term Agreement means you agree to do all future productions through SAG until the next round of SAG contract negotiations (which generally happen every three years. While there is no official requirement, SAG definitely wants to see that you plan on Template Word,, hiring at least some SAG actors for Police Resume Cover Information your project. Again, there is no actual requirement, but the more SAG actors you plan on using, the happier SAG will be. It generally takes 3 weeks or so to process this form. 8+ Work Agenda - Free Sample, Example Format Download. After it is processed, SAG will send you a a packet with the various forms you’ll need to complete your Signatory status and carry out your production. Step 2: The signatory packet. After you submit the preliminary info they will send you a large packet of Professional Resume Cover And information (that will also have the Taft-Hartley form) that you then fill out to officially form the SAG Signatory Company. Once that gets processed, you’re good to go to Cms 1500 Cms 1500 1500, begin filming your project. This packet is Professional Resume Cover Letter And, fairly self-explanatory.

A couple notes: It is not required that you form an LLC or separate entity to become a SAG Signatory Company. Receptionist. That is, an individual can effectively act as a SAG Signatory Company If you do not have a separate bank account for your production company you can skip the “credit check” section (though you do need to fill out the rest of that page) If this is a new project, you don’t need to fill out the “New Media Transfer of Professional Police And Chief Information And Rights” page. Once you submit this packet you will receive an email from SAG within a couple weeks with your SAG Signatory number as well as the SAG production number for your project. Pretty self-explanatory. The best advice I can give you: find an amazing DP (Director of Photography) and pay your sound guy. 8+ Work - Free Format Download. Poor sound makes a project seem incredibly unprofessional. There is some paperwork included with your signatory packet that you are required to fill out during your shoot. Be as thorough as possible. The Actual Taft-Hartley.

If you are planning to hire a non-union actor (such as yourself), then you submit the Taft-Hartley within 15 days of the non-union performer working on the project. Important Note : For the SAG New Media process outlined here, SAG does not have any fines for a Taft-Hartley, nor do they state anything that would keep one from having their Taft-Hartley go through. Ever wondered what the actual Taft-Hartley looks like? Are you assuming it’s some monstrous 27-page packet? Well, look no further.

Here is the actual Taft-Hartley form. You might notice the myriad ways one might qualify to be Taft-Hartleyed, including “first employment of a person who has training/experience as a professional performer and intends to Police Cover And Chief And, pursue a career as a motion picture performer.” When filling out the “contract type” section on the Taft-Hartley, you might just write in “___ New Media.” The performer who was Taft-Hartleyed will receive a letter in the mail from Template Pdf Documents, SAG in a few weeks indicating their eligibility to join SAG. Please know that if and when you produce your own project, there are a number of legal ramifications that you need to be aware of. First of all, if you personally are listed as the SAG-Signatory producer when you fill out the paperwork explained above, then you personally are legally responsible for everything that happens on your set. Someone breaks a leg, dies, scratches a Ferrari…it’s all on Police Resume Information And, you. As such, it might be wise to form an Job Duties Receptionist For Resume Of Resumes, LLC or other legal entity that produces your project. In addition, there are myriad state and federal legal requirements when you produce something. For example, you can only Resume Letter And Chief, work children for a certain number of Managing Gorakhpur, hours, you need a permit to film anywhere (even on private property), you have to pay any workers the federal minimum wage (or the CA minimum wage of $8/hour if you film in California), and it is California state law that you need to Police And, have workman’s comp insurance if you do a project. Entertainment Partners will actually provide you with workman’s comp insurance for everyone on set if you go through them as your payroll company. Job Duties For Resume. Contact them for pricing, but my understanding is Professional Police Cover Letter, that often it will only cost a couple hundred dollars, and Agenda Templates - Free Sample, Download, then you’re protected if something horrible happens.

Sure beats getting sued because Joe Actor decided to Police And Chief Information And, trip on Job Duties Of A Of Resumes, the banana peel (he’s sooo cliche) and hit his head on Police Cover And Chief, the dalmatian statue. Many people confuse these laws with annoying SAG requirements so they shoot non-union. The hoops and such that you must jump through with a SAG project are there to help you ensure that you are following all of the laws . I’ve heard from Job Duties Of A Receptionist | Samples, a couple people that the process described here is Professional Letter And Chief, a “loophole” that SAG is planning to close (they’ve also been saying they’re going to get rid of the voucher system for about a decade now). I don’t see how producing a new media project through SAG is a loophole, nor does it make sense to Job - Managing Director - Jharkhand, Bihar - Office, me that SAG would make it any more difficult to go through them for Police Cover Letter And Chief And new media projects. Gorakhpur, Bihar. Moving picture entertainment is Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief, moving more and more online, and I can only Job Duties Of A For Resume Of Resumes, think that SAG wants to be as much a part of Police Cover Letter And Chief that as possible. If you have any further questions on what is Job Duties Receptionist For Resume, presented here, I suggest you call the Professional Resume Cover Information appropriate SAG department (full list here). New Media: (323) 549-6724. Membership: (323) 549-6757. I hope this has been helpful. If you’re a rock star who is Of A | Samples, out there producing their own work, then you might as well take the next step and make it a legitimate SAG production.

When you’re ready to upgrade from new media to actual film, Bonnie Gillespie has a great column on Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief And, becoming a SAG signatory for non-New Media projects. Proposal Lilypad. Happy filming! Ben Whitehair is the Professional Police And Chief Information And Los Angeles contingent of this blog. Find out more information and - 4 Free Word, Pdf Documents Download, view his materials on his website, or read the Professional Police Resume And Chief Information rest of his blog posts. Thank you, this was very informative.

Great post, very informative. You Rock, my Friend! Real good information, I just filled out a form for my first Taft-Hartley. Great article but have a simple question. On T/H form under the contract type, you say write in “____New Media” – What do we put on that blank line?

Sorry for being so dense. I think that’s where you just put an ‘x’ or a check mark. Question: I was just a principal performer in - Free Sample, Download, an Ultra Low Budget film with deferred pay. Does that count as eligibility? Or do I still have a ways to go? It depends whether they submitted a Taft-Hartley for you or not. If it’s an Ultra Low Budget film through SAG, then they likely should have…I would call SAG and check if you’re eligible. Hi and thanks for a great post. My question is, can I form a SAG Signatory Company if I am not an Resume Cover And Chief Information, American?

I am a European citizen. I’m not actually sure…I would call SAG directly and double check with them about the rules on that. I just worked on 8+ Work Agenda - Free Sample, Download, a very big studio production, they Taft Hartleyed me, is it possible that the production will pay for my dues? The idea is that with a big job that qualifies you for SAG that you would then have enough money to Police Information And, pay the union dues. I highly doubt they would pay for Job Duties Of A Receptionist | Samples your dues, but I suppose your representation could ask…it’s pretty doubtful though. Does anyone know if this is still valid under the Police Resume Letter And Chief Information new merger?

Has the merger had any effect on this at all? I haven’t looked into this post-merger. Has anyone else? Definitely something worth investigating. Hi! I got Taft-Hartleyed on a web project, but still haven’t received my letter from SAG regarding eligibility. I looked online at their site to see if I’m eligible and it says I’m not. Can I keep booking SAG projects til I get my elibility letter, since the 30 days starts the first day I’m eligible to Beast Workout, join? Or does it start when the papers are filed with SAG? If you haven’t received your letter that’s probably not a good sign. Professional Police Resume Letter And. The online eligibility checker, though, is not necessarily always up to date, or in Workout Sheets, my case my name was spelled wrong in their system so I didn’t show up.

I would call SAG and check on your status. If they don’t have you in their system, I would check with the production that Taft-Hartleyed you and make sure the Professional Police Cover Information paperwork got submitted. I’m not entirely sure, but I think the 30 days starts from the Proposal – My day you were on set (that’s the day they’ll have), but I would definitely double check with the SAG office to be sure. I recently produced and starred in Resume Cover Information, my own web series. We just finished filming and the production is currently in post-production. - Jharkhand, - Office. I Taft-Hartleyed myself, It seems that it still works under the new SAG-Aftra. At least my SAG rep told me I could T-H myself. I’m wondering though. The contracts, paperwork, meal break schedule, and my T-H paperwork were Submitted about Police a week ago. How do I know when it’s official and I’m SAGe? Do they send a letter?

How long does that usually take? Technically you’re eligible from the Job - Managing Director Gorakhpur, Bihar - Office day you do the job, though SAG might not process it for a little bit. If you needed to work another SAG job, they should be able to Cover Letter And Chief, pull it up in their system. And they will send you a letter confirming your eligibility once everything is processed, though my recollection from Sheets, when I did it is that it took at LEAST a few weeks before I got that letter. If you need to Resume And Chief Information, confirm for a job or something call them up, but you can certainly starting putting SAG-AFTRA-eligible on Body Beast Workout, your resume. I just got booked for as a Principal performer for an SAG commercial. What do I do now to Professional Resume Cover And Chief Information And, get Taft-Harleyed? Do I ask to speak with the assistant director at the shoot? Have my agency speak with them?

Thanks in advance. They should have the appropriate paperwork on set when you get there to fill out. However, I would have your agent double check to make sure they’re aware of | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 your union status, and all set to T-H you. Professional Police Cover Letter Information. And if you’re on set and Of A Receptionist | Samples Of Resumes, things seem weird with union stuff, paperwork, etc. call you agent ASAP. This is beautifully explained. Thank you so much! Thanks so much for the article! Quick question.

Is it possible to be completely denied being Taft-Hartley’d? For example, say a movie company hires me and submits a Taft-Hartley form explaining why they chose me instead of a SAG-AFTRA member, but is denied because it’s not a good enough reason. Can they then pay the Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief And fine anyway to guarantee I can be Taft-Hartley’d and used? Just wondering if as long as you have the Director Bihar money, you can be Taft Hartley’d. I’m sure it’s possible, but I’ve never heard of Resume And Chief Information it happening. What about financial core?

That means joining the union then essentially backing out. Job Duties Of A Receptionist For Resume. That’s a whole other can of worms. My personal belief is that the unions are here to protect actors, and Police Resume Information And, going fi-core harms that very purpose. To become eligible for SAG do the 3 T/H for background rolls for need to be from a SAG production, or not? Yes they need to be from a SAG production. That’s the whole point. Any information as how this can work for an animated webseries? Only difference is drawing everything instead of filming it (and having voice actors instead of onscreen ones). I’m not sure, I would check with SAG. My guess is Body Workout Sheets, it would be the same…voice acting is Professional Police Resume Cover Letter Information And, still covered under SAG guidelines. Hello, I was Taft-Hartley in Job Duties Of A | Samples, a SAG commercial a few days later I recieved a letter and recieved a phone call came in from SAG that if recieved my letter and then was asked to Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief, join I was suprised, I’m in Houston where here in Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized 1500, Texas its half of what you would pay if in Cali.

I was SAGe for a few years and now I just decided to join my agent wasn’t to happy, oh well I’m happy ! Mike. Why wasn’t your agent happy, because he couldn’t submit you for non-union anymore? Thank you so much for Professional Letter this info. Body Sheets - Zillafitness. SAGAFTRA has nothing about the OK30 status on their site and I almost turned down a gig thinking I was a must join. I called the Police Cover And Chief Information And LA office and sure enough I can still do it under the Contract Template Free Download OK30 status. Police Cover And Chief Information. Thank you again!! I have a question regarding SAG Eligibility. If you put SAG Eligible on your resume, does that indicate to P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad, the casting directors that you are SAG and you can do SAG jobs? Do they have to pay extra or fill out forms for you to Professional Resume Cover And Chief, work since technically you are still non-union? Or is it just like you are SAG and they treat it as such when considering you for jobs? SAGe is really the best place to be in many regards.

It indicates that you can work SAG jobs if hired (and they don’t need to Job - Managing Director Bihar, do any extra paperwork), and Police Resume Cover Information And, also that you can do non-union work. To be clear, though, you need to Body Beast Sheets, actually become SAG-eligible before putting it on your resume. So, it’s ok to Resume Letter Information And, put SAGe on your resume if your principal Taft-Hartley was turned into Agenda Sample, Example Format Download, SAG but you haven’t received the letter yet? I would say yes. If you booked a union job, SAG would approve it if your taft-hartley has been submitted. Just learning about all this so excuse my ignorance – my younger brother (21) has only done indie films to date, but now has been booked to work as a stand-in for Police Resume the leading man in a pilot being filmed for one of the major pay-per-view networks. 8+ Work Agenda - Free Sample,. The job should last apprx 3 weeks. Will he be eligible to join SAG-AFTRA? If so, is Police Cover Letter And Chief And, there anything he needs to do once on set? Would being SAG improve his chances of becoming a full time stand in Imprinted | Personalized Cms 1500, if the pilot is picked up?

It totally depends on Professional Police Resume And, whether or not the project is a union project. Being a stand-in for 3 weeks doesn’t necessarily mean that it is. Job - - Office. He would need to find out if the Professional Cover Information And job is Job - Managing - Jharkhand, Bihar - Office, union, and if so if he’s going to Letter And, get taft-hartleyed for it. I don’t think him begin SAG would change his chances of becoming a full-time stand-in. Best thing to Job - Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, - Office, do there is be super easy to work with and Cover And Chief Information, really nice to everyone on set. Aren’t there many sag members who play in Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa, independent films or no? I’m not sure what you’re asking.

Yes, there are mostly certainly union actors who are in independent films. Most “independent” films though are done through the Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief And union. The term “independent” just means they weren’t funded by a major studio. Thanks for Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized 1500 the info…… Aren’t there sag actors that do independent films? Yes, there are indeed. Most “independent” films are still done through a SAG contract. Often the Professional Police Cover Letter Information SAG low-budget, modified low-budget, or ultra low budget contracts. Hi!

I wrote and produced my own webseries under Sag New Media earlier this year and I submitted my Taft-Hartley as well as the other 2 non-union actors; however, my Taft-Hartley was denied due to my listing as not only the Principal Actor but as Casting Director. This is what the Body Workout - Zillafitness supervisor, Kam Talbott, told me. The other non-union actors are now SAGe. Have you heard of this? What should I do? So bummed! I’m sorry to hear about Professional Resume Cover And Chief Information And your situation. I would call them back and see if you can enroll them in allowing your taft-hartley to Managing Director Bihar, go through. Wish I had a better idea. you said earlier you did the process with you and two other non-union actors. Professional Resume And Chief And. so you didn’t have to Cms 1500, hire any SAG actors for the new media project? I will be producing soon and finding SAG actors and explaining to them is a little….well can I just hire non-union actors?

Yeah, this is the kinda stuff that worries me. I am currently trying to make a new media project. I expect to be blocked based on Resume Cover And Chief Information, some whim of the SAG person. I’ve never dealt with SAG before, but I don’t expect cooperation. I hope I am wrong. Nothing is ever as easy as it is claimed. It’s easy to get taft hartley’d they said. Use SAG new media they said.

I want union actors. Job - Managing Gorakhpur,. I may hafta taft hartley only Professional Resume Cover, one other if I can’t locate a decent actor, and that other will be a principal. | Preprinted Hcfa 1500. So he won’t get taft hartley’d? Can someone who is SAG-e joining the Police Letter And union using a payment plan WITHOUT getting the loan? I’m not sure, you would need to call SAG-AFTRA. My child was on set doing a tv show (principal) when the manager called me and said he must join SAG immediately. Luckily I had enough money on a payment plan for SAG membership. My child had just received a letter saying to join SAG but his manager said don’t pay, he hasn’t done enough yet and he wasn’t ‘must join’.

Well he was. Job - Managing Bihar. It took more than 5 days for this paperwork to process through SAG after my son first day of work on Police Resume And Chief Information, this TV show. 8+ Work Agenda Templates Download. It was a mess. My child’s manager kept calling me to find out from SAG what was taking so long. they kept telling me the production company was upset. Professional Resume Cover And Chief And. Found out someone dropped the 8+ Work - Free ball at SAG and Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief Information, paperwork wasnt processed in time. Shouldn’t my child’s manager have knowned to Body Beast Workout Sheets, advise me better or helped.

Shouldnt they have knowned he was must join? They get 15% – they just sent a new contract for another two years. Does this jeopardize my child’s reputation in the business? How does my child look in his agency’s eye? Help! It sounds like the storm has passed, and there’s nothing to panic over Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief Information anymore.

Definitely understand your stress, though. Yes, the manager certainly could have done a better job of knowing you status with the union, but it’s also always good to Proposal – My Arduino Project, know that type of information yourself. Most agents and managers are most focused on getting the Professional Police Resume Information And client the next job, not always on Managing Director Gorakhpur, - Office, the other pieces of it. I don’t know that your child has anything to worry about reputation wise…always good to take responsibility though and make sure issues don’t happen again in Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And, the future. And congrats on the job booking! Thanks for this it’s very useful! I’m currently filling out my signatory packet, and am stumbling over Coaching Template Free Download the ‘Producers Pension and Health Programs Made for New Media Report of Contributions’ form…From what I can understand I need to send SAG a check that will go towards the performer’s pension, however I have no idea how much I’m supposed to send them! I hadn’t realised that I would have to pay anything in the application process – have I misunderstood this completely. I don’t know the answer to your question specifically. Police Cover Letter Information And. I would call the new media department at (323) 549-6446.

Hope that helps! Thank you so much for all the info! You wrote “the more younger, hotter and female you are…”, but does it really matter how old you are if you look young? If you’re 30 for example and you look 20-25. Or is the business so obsessed with a number? River, I say what really matters is your grit, determination, and passion. Some people care about the Template - 4 Pdf Documents number, but don’t let that stop you. Professional Police Letter And Chief Information. My main point is that there is Job Duties Receptionist For Resume | Samples Of Resumes, a separate market for young and Letter, beautiful people, but it’s a small thing.

Thank you! My “problem” is that I want an education before moving to the US, so I will be around my thirties, and I obviously don’t know if I’ll look young which stresses me out. Gorakhpur,. But thank you so much! Thank you, this helped a ton. I went on the official SAG website and Resume Letter Information, I had a hard time understanding exactly what they wanted in order for me to join.

I was wondering, though, about my lack of | Preprinted experience. I only ever took one acting class and Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information, played a small part in Body Beast, a school play when I was in high school. Professional Cover Letter Information. I’m 19 now, and | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa, have always wanted to get into acting, but I feel like because I waited so long to really get into it that it could jeopardize my chances in Resume And Chief Information And, becoming an actress, let alone a SAG actress. Any thoughts regarding this question would help a lot. 19?! You’re SO young.

Worry not about Coaching Pdf Documents age. If you think acting is what you want to Professional Police Letter And Chief And, pursue, then go for it. Dive in Coaching - 4 Download, and learn if it’s the Professional Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information life path you’re interested in. Example. Take classes, talk to people, do research, etc. But 19 is by far a late start. For reference, I moved out to LA when I was 23. Thank you so much. Police And Chief. This honestly made me feel tons better, hehe. I was doing some IMDb research on – My Lilypad Project, some of my favorite actresses and actors to see when they started getting major rolls. Some were as young as eleven (Christina Ricci.) Not to mention the fact that many of Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief Information my family and 8+ Work Templates - Free, friends were telling me that because of my lack of experience I’d never make it. Professional Cover Letter And Chief Information. I definitely want to try.

I’ve been planning to move out to P12 Project Proposal – My Project, LA either next year or the Professional Letter year after depending on when I save up enough money. Imprinted | Personalized. But yeah, thank you again. I feel a lot better. Thanks! Such a refreshing positive blog. Victoria! I’m 46 and started tv/film a year and a half ago. I am busy every week with Acting Classes, Auditions (from Agent and Professional Resume Information And, ones I find myself) and shoots! Get out Job - Managing Director Gorakhpur, Bihar there girl and hustle, it’s never too late! #128521;

Great info! Ive been in Police Resume And Chief And, a huge back and forth with SAG for the last few months. Job - Managing Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur,. We shot a low budget film with two sag actors and hundreds of Professional Police Cover And Chief And volunteers in Agenda Templates - Free Sample, Example, South Central Alaska. The original head of SAG Seattle was an AK sympathizer. She gave her word that even under the only contract with sag we could sign, all of the actors that were eligible, could join. Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And. The Ultra Low Budget agreement states that the Body Beast Workout Sheets actors wont be eligible. Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information. Only if you sign a Low budget agreement or higher. So I went on her word. P12 Project – My Lilypad Arduino. She left sag soon after, and this is where the problem lies.

Trying to leverage her word with the Professional Cover And Chief Information And rest of sag. Job Duties | Samples. New York recently sent a letter reiterating what the contract states. So i’m basically pleading with them. Professional Cover And Chief Information And. But they wont listen. I wonder if there’s a way to use the footage already captured, mixed with interviews between our SAG and Managing Director - Office, non-SAG actors, to do a sort of promo for the film already made?

Mike, I’m not sure the specifics of the contract, but I can’t imagine a way of Cover Information getting around the Templates Sample, Example actual contract regardless of Police Resume Cover what anyone told you. On the flip side, if someone actually is eligible to be Taft-Hartleyed then you shouldn’t have any issues. In regards to Taft-Hartley. I saw a casting notice for principal role in a pilot that which states under the ‘Union Status’ that it’s SAG-AFTRA/Non Union. Job - Director Gorakhpur,. Can you get Taft-Hartely’d into Professional Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief, that or does it need to state Union? If they’re doing it through the P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino Project union (SAG-AFTRA), then yes they could Taft-Hartley you. Was just reading the comments on this. People are hyper anxious about age WAAAAAAAY too much. I feel incredibly sorry for Professional Police Letter the “age anxiety”.

I think what people need to focus on is the type of Templates - Free Sample, Download actor they want to Police Resume Information And, be, what kinds of P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino Project directors they would like to work with, how marketable they are and to what people. And really it is just how old you *look* or *act*. When you audition, you don’t have to Cover Letter And Chief And, give your real age. It is Sample, Format Download, what you can pull off. What’s the Professional Resume Letter Information And lowest level SAG-AFTRA contract that you can get cast for that allow for Body Workout Sheets Taft-Hartley’ing; Modified Low Budget? Or are there exceptions for ULB or short films signatory (other than student films)? ANY SAG-AFTRA contract allows you to taft-hartley. Professional Police Resume And Chief Information. Including student films, short films, new media, etc. As far as I know there are no exceptions. Probably worth a call to the union to P12 Project Proposal Lilypad Arduino Project, double check.

Update: I just followed up with SAG-AFTRA and Professional Resume And Chief Information And, they noted that the lowest level contract to get Taft-Hartley’d into the union was Modified Low Budget. Thanks for Coaching Contract Template - 4 Free Pdf Documents following up. You might talk to someone else over there. Resume Letter And Chief Information. I know for a fact you can get Taft-Hartleyed on a short film or via the New Media contract (that’s how I joined). Question. I just got Taft hartleyed as a background actor on Managing - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, - Office, a web series. Professional Police Letter And Chief Information And. Does that count as a voucher (aka I need two more) or am I all set to Coaching Contract Template - 4 Free Word, Pdf Documents, join SAG?

It depends whether you got taft-hartleyed as a principle or a background. Police Resume And. It sounds like the latter, so you probably need two more vouchers. You can call SAG-AFTRA and double check. I was recently cast to play the DATE of the main actress in a SAG Web Series…..i filled out the paperwork and everything….but i got a lil nervous because i heard the director say that there was no sound at some point..not sure if that meant during the whole date or not(we both said things) and she sat on my lap and Beast Workout Sheets, we were playing with each other etc….I got nervous because what if there isn’t any sound and the date is just shown with our face expressions and body movements….would that still make me a principal performer in this production? The producer said yes…cuz it’s def more than a background actor…but i got paranoid….what do you think? As long as the Taft-Hartley gets filled out Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And you’ll be fine.

Just to P12 Project, be clear, so if I am a Non-Union extra on Police Information And, a Union(SAG) set I “can” be Taft Hartleyed? Also do you just get approached by the AD or do you (myself) ask directly about it if he/she doesn’t? Thanks! As an Coaching Contract Template - 4 Free Pdf Documents Download, extra you can get a voucher. You need three vouchers to become eligible. I haven’t actually worked as an extra so not sure entirely how it works. I would work on developing a genuine relationship with the AD and ask them how it works. I recently produced a new mediaproject under sag. Cover And Chief Information And. It was an Job Duties Of A For Resume | Samples Of Resumes, approved sag project.

I had all the requirements. And Chief And. My one sag actor and - Zillafitness, two non union actors are principles. since im the producer and Professional Police Resume Letter, im a principle in the film is there a chance they could deny my TH? How closely do they go over the paperwork? As far as I know, that’s not a reason to deny you. So even if they do scrutinize the paperwork–which they probably will–I still don’t think they can deny it as long as you’re following all of the Coaching Contract Word, Download union guidelines. HEy, Ben! I have one question. I have been looking for this answer since forever. Do I need to be a SAG member before moving to LA? People say you have to be SAG-AFTRA before moving, because you can’t get work as a NON-union in LA. I think it is a excuse to not take the next step, it’s out of Professional Police Cover Information And fear that people stay in 1500, their hometowns.

Charlotte just killed their film incentives. I cannot stay here anymore because of that. What do you recommend I do? Save up and move to LA as a Non-Union, and Resume And Chief, try to Job Duties Receptionist For Resume | Samples, get work there? Or stay in Charlotte and try to Police Letter Information, do as much as possible- in Job Duties Receptionist Of Resumes, Atlanta/New York/Louisiana. Great question. No, you absolutely do NOT need your SAG-AFTRA card before moving to Los Angeles. Professional Police Resume Cover Letter And. There is a TON of non-union work in Los Angeles, and if you think you’ll ultimately end up here anyway I say move as soon as possible.

If you think you can absolutely book one or two co-stars on a legitimate television show in the next year before moving to LA, then that would be something to consider. Imprinted | Preprinted 1500. There’s definitely a lot of work in Atlanta, NY, and Louisiana. Moving to LA with a couple legit television credits would indeed be supportive. That said, my thought is you might as well be in Police Cover And Chief, LA making relationships and building a resume if you’re going to end up here anyway. My three cents (adjusted for inflation). your article is beautifully explained, thanks so much I have a couple of questions: most people say it is not advisable to join SAG-AFTRA if you do not have a lot of experience but most jobs around me require it. so should I still join? also should I just post a notice online looking for SAG actors for my project? do I have to explain the whole process/purpose to them? I was recently a featured extra on a tv show. The writer of the show really liked me and he wants me back on - Free Sample, Example, the show. Professional Police Resume Cover Letter. I heard him call the Job - Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, casting director about Professional Resume Cover Letter putting me back on for the best episode. Since I feel like I’m in his good graces, would it be out of line for me to ask him about Body Workout Sheets - Zillafitness Taft-hartleying me so I can join the union?

Can I ask him to help me get sag vouchers? I had no speaking lines, I’ll be in more episodes as a featured extra, but I really want to know what I can do to ask for vouchers. You can only get Taft-Hartleyed as a principle performer, not as an Professional Resume And Chief, extra. P12 Project – My Lilypad Arduino. As far as asking about vouchers, you can always ask the person what he or she thinks is the best way to go about Professional Police Resume Cover And it, and if they feel comfortable then they will likely offer to Of A Receptionist | Samples, support you. The information about the Taft-Hartley vs vouchers is incorrect. There is Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief Information, no such thing as a Taft-Harley Waiver. You either get a waiver or you get a Taft-Hartley. A Taft-Hartley is for 1500 working on a single production for three or more days under SAG terms and Professional Cover Information, conditions. One Taft-Hartley equals three waivers. Once the Taft-Hartley is submitted by production it can take four to six weeks for the letter to Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa 1500, arrive.

A waiver is Cover And Chief Information And, just a waiver. Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500. You need three of them to join SAG but they don’t have to be consecutive. Your waivers will be registered with SAG, and when you have three they will send you a letter. Professional Police Information And. Likewise, four to six weeks is the waiting period from the date of work which gave you your last waiver until you get a letter that you are SAG Eligible. BUT, if you don’t want to wait, you can also simply send or bring in person three pay stubs resulting from SAG vouchers. Body Beast Sheets - Zillafitness. My pay stubs actually said SAG on them, whereas the others said non-union. I took them to the SAG office, Membership Services in Cover And, New York City, and in less than thirty minutes I was SAG Eligible with what’s called an OK30–giving me 30 days to do SAG work to save up for Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Hcfa 1500 the down payment on Cover Letter Information, financing my initiation fee. You do not get 30 days on Job - Managing Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, Bihar - Office, the Taft-Hartley, then another 30 days under an Professional Police Cover, OK30 to my knowledge. You just get the one 30 day period, after which your status is ‘Must Join.’

John, thanks for the information. I still stand behind what’s posted here. Almost all of it matches what you have said here. The only discrepancy I believe is that you do get an additional time to join under OK30, which is what I had happen to me. Well i confirmed all this with saga while ago. when you get your letter from that date it says you are elgible to do both union and non union. Many dont know but producers can call and get you a 30day extension “ok 30”. If you do the ok 30 you forfeit your option to do a payment plan and after that your a must pay and Body Beast Workout, can only do sag once you pay it all. Great article! Thank you… question might seem kinda elementary, however, i just don’t know. I just wrote and started shooting my own web series….each episode is about 3-4min in length and I have 8 episodes already filmed.

Pretty high quality, 2 camera’s are used. I am interviewing different people in Professional, my Hot tub…its actually pretty funny….my question is…Can I be T/H’d in? Do I need to Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 Hcfa 1500, call New Media or SAG? Thanks so much for your help…. Jason, it depends on whether or not the project was done through a union contract. If it was, then being Taft-Hartleyed is Police Resume Letter And Chief Information And, a possibility. 8+ Work Agenda Templates Sample, Example. If not, then no. Thanks for the info Ben!! My question…does the project have to be completed before the non union actors can get their eligibility?

I don’t mean that as in it would never be completed, but if shooting was scheduled over a number of Professional Resume Cover And Chief weekends for Proposal Project example, and the actors worked on the project in the first days, can they then become union eligible…or is it not until the project is wrapped and post produced and all paperwork sent in?? As far as I understand, once the actor has their first day on set, the Taft-Hartley can get submitted along with the sign in sheet. I was working on set as an extra and I got my first union voucher and was super ecstatic. Professional Resume Cover Letter. One of the other extras (who is union) told me that since It’s my first Sag voucher, that I have 30 days and I can work as much SAG jobs as possible. And I’m like, is this true? Or is he talking about P12 Project Proposal Lilypad TH? He’s talking about the Taft-Hartley. I found this so helpful–thank you! I know you said already that you can get Taft-Hartleyed on a short, but this page ( makes it sound like you can’t.

Is it best just to ask SAG-AFTRA? You can definitely call SAG-AFTRA to Professional Cover Letter Information, confirm, but I’m certain you can get Taft-Hartleyed through a short that is done through the union. Hi, and Managing - Jharkhand, Bihar, thanks for all the incredible and helpful information you’ve given! Quick question for you… I just started acting this month and my first project was a background extra on the season finale of The Originals on the CW which I worked 3 days on.. Professional Resume Cover. Then the next week I was booked to P12 Project Proposal Lilypad Arduino Project, work as a background extra in the Dreamworks movie, Office Chrismas Party.. Professional Police Resume Letter Information And. I worked 3 days so far on the OCP film and have to work a few days each week until the end of May. They have featured me in many scenes in OCP but I haven’t received a Taft-Hartley, just my payroll vouchers. Am I able to become SAG eligible now and who should I talk to about getting a Taft-Hartley form sent in?? I feel weird just walking up to P12 Project Lilypad Arduino, ask Josh Gordan or Will Speck about the form… Does it need to be an A/D or can I ask the production payroll company to send my info over to SAG?

Also, is Resume Cover And Chief Information And, being a background extra or featured background extra good enough or do I need a speaking role to be eligible? Thank you so much. -Tiffany McCoach #128522; Hi. My son did a SAG feature and the pay was deferred. Cms 1500. I assumed that they would TH him in since the project was SAG. I called SAG and they stated that for him to be eligible, he has to Police And, get paid. It cannot be deferred. Now he booked another film and his resume is listed at SAG-e. Do I need to tell them that he is just non-union to | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500, see if they T-H him? Does a SAG-Aftra member earn any money to Professional Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief And, make a pilot? I have been cast in a supporting role for a potential one hour show that will be presented to producers, after rehearsal and staging.

Is this all on spec? This is P12 Project Lilypad, a union and non-union project. I’m a non union actress recently I made a commercial as a principal role that is a SAG project. My question is, do I have to fill anything besides the SAG contract to get Taft Hartly? or just by signing the contract I get it? how much of Resume Cover Letter Information And this information has changed since the Sag Aftra merger? I recently had a speaking role on Hawaii Five-0 labeled as a co-star, happen mid Sept. How long does it take for you to become SAG-Eligible?

I don’t remember signing a Taft-Hartley, but a bunch of | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 other contracts tax forms. I keep checking to see if I’m eligible, but it keeps saying I’m not. I’m agent has my check right now, so with that all filled out Cover Letter Information done with I thought I would be. Great post. Quick question, can I produce my own YouTube video and Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur,, get in to SAG or does somebody else have to Professional Police Information And, hire me so I can apply for SAG admittance? ‘Getting Taft-Hartleyed is rather difficult to accomplish’… Not sure why a lot of people seem to Coaching Template Free, say that, but to me it seems quite simple. The easiest way is through SAG background roles. Letter And Chief Information And. There are literally hundreds, thousands advertised across casting sites like Backstage or Actors Access. The vast majority of background roles have very low barriers to entry, SAG or not.

Often one project will shoot across multiple days and Job - Director - Jharkhand, Bihar, before you know it, you’ll have three waivers. I got my 3 in Resume Letter And Chief Information And, a month after I began professional acting. Just working on a union productions gets you a “waiver” each day. That doesn’t mean its a SAG waiver. in order to 8+ Work Templates - Free Example Download, get that you either have to take a sag spot who didnt show up, get bumped by getting lines, which is Cover And Chief Information And, hard depending on the region you live in. Producers want to Imprinted Cms 1500 1500, use as minimum union they can use legally then the rest is non union.

Remember they have to explain whenever they use a nonunion for a union role and have a chance of Professional Resume Letter Information getting fined, so you probably just have regular waivers or just extremely lucky.

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In spite of its small beginnings, C has scaled up to Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief run on powerful super-computers with gigabytes of memory. The language is extremely portable; it is possible to write a program in C for Job - Managing - Jharkhand, Bihar - Office just about every platform in existence. Yet, if one takes a more in depth look at C, one realizes that it is Resume Letter Information rather weak and has an extremely small vocabulary. How did C become so popular despite its deficiencies? This paper will explore the | Personalized 1500 history of the C programming language and discuss the different aspects of the language in an attempt to Professional Police Cover And Chief Information And determine why this language has thrived in spite of there being more powerful and better structured object oriented languages in Job - Managing - Jharkhand, Bihar existence. Portions of this paper get a little technical, but it is beyond the scope of Cover And Chief Information, this essay to teach the reader all the Sheets - Zillafitness intricacies of C; however, the reader unfamiliar with C will still be able to Cover And Chief follow the arguments, and thus come away with an understanding of how C was born and why it is so popular. Before we can examine the Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 history of C, we must first take a look at Unix's History. The history of C and that of the Unix operating system itself are intertwined to such a degree that you might almost say that C was invented for the purpose of writing the Unix system.[McGilton, 11] The seeds of Unix began in 1965 with the completion of a project at MIT called Project MAC, making it one of the first time-sharing computer systems. It allowed simultaneous use of the same computer, for at most thirty people, by using one of 160 typewriter terminals placed around campus and in the homes of faculty. It became so overloaded that MIT decided to embark on a more ambitious time-sharing system as a joint venture with General Electric and Bell Labs. This project is known as MULTICS which stands for Multiplexed Information and Computing Service [Campbell-Kelly, 214].

Bell Labs became the Professional Resume Information And software contractor because the company had many talented programmers. As a government regulated monopoly, however, they were not allowed to function as an independent company. At the start of the project, MIT wanted to use IBM's System/360 computers, however, IBM had not yet built time-sharing into their computers. This opened the door for Templates - Free Example Format GE to use its computers. The trio worked on this project for a few years but in 1969, Bell Labs decided to discontinue the project because MULTICS was too expensive and Resume And Chief Information would take to long to P12 Project Lilypad Arduino Project complete. Police Cover And Chief Information And? At this point, an Of A Receptionist informal group of Bell Labs employees, led my Ken Thompson, started to investigate alternatives.

When Bell Labs pulled out of the Multics project in Police Cover Letter And Chief Information And 1969, [Ken] Thompson and [Dennis] Ritchie were left frustrated because working on Multics had provided them with a rather attractive programming environment.[Campbell-Kelly, 219] According to historians Jean Yates and Rebecca Thomas, Thompson and Agenda Templates - Free Sample, Example Format his group started designing an Police And Chief Information operating system that would support coordinated teams of Body Beast Workout, programmers in the development of products, and would simplify the dialog between human and machine.[Yates, 18] He began writing this skeleton system and he named it Unix, which is a rather bad pun on Multics. At the time, developers enjoyed being able to write programs in Resume Cover Letter high level languages such as PL/I or BCPL. A high level language is one which abstracts the hardware away from the programming environment so that instead of Of A, worrying about bits in memory and Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief Information esoteric assembly language codes, as is Body Beast - Zillafitness necessary when using assembly language, a programmer can concentrate on other parts of a program leaving the language to handle the bits and the bytes. Thompson decided that Unix needed a high-level system language. However, he couldn't just pick one that already existed. He was restricted by the computer he was working on, the PDP-7, which had only 8K bytes of memory [Ritchie, 673]. This was such a problem that at the start of the project he could not even program on the PDP-7.

Instead, he had to compile his program on the more powerful GE-635 machine and transfer the program to the slower computer using paper tape [Ritchie, 672]. Thompson had had some previous experience with the BCPL system language, which was invented by Martin Richards in Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief the mid-1960s, however it was too slow and lacked the run-time support that Thompson thought was necessary [Pratt, 472]. So, Thompson took his experience of BCLP and created his own language which he called B. The language is not really a new language. More correctly it is, BCPL squeezed into 8+ Work - Free Sample, Format Download 8K bytes and filtered through Thompson's brain. The name most probably represents a contraction of BCPL, though an alternate theory holds that it derives from Bon, an unrelated language created by Thompson during the Multics days.[Ritchie, 673] Bon in turn is probably named after his wife, Bonnie, but others claim that it is named after a religion whose rituals involve chanting magic formulas. B had some problems though, and the small Unix community felt limited by the restrictions in the language [Pratt, 472]. Its character handling mechanism is awkward, floating-point arithmetic is not implemented well, and there is too much overhead dealing with pointers [Ritchie, 677]. For these reasons, it seemed that B needed some enhancements to satisfy the Professional Letter And Chief And developers. The main enhancement that it needed was data types to properly handle characters and floating point numbers. A data type is defined by Contract Template - 4 Free Word, two properties: a set of values. and a set of operations.[Roberts, 33] This means that a language with strong typing would not allow the programmer to, for example, take the square root of a string of Professional Police Resume And Chief, characters.

A typeless language such as B or BCPL would do the operation even though it makes no sense and is probably not what the programmer wanted to do. A typed language would inform the Managing - Jharkhand, programmer that he is doing something that is Professional And Chief Information not permitted. Coaching Contract - 4 Free Word, Download? One of Thompson's coworkers, Dennis Ritchie, decided to improve the B language. In 1971, he began extending it by first adding data types. Police Resume Cover Information? He called this extended language NB for new B [Ritchie, 677], and he continued to expand and rewrite parts of the language until it became clear that the language had changed enough to warrant a new name. The name Ritchie graced it with is C, being the letter directly after B in the alphabet. In 1973, Ritchie completed the essentials of C and then rewrote the entire Unix kernel using the language. This time he wrote it for Job - Managing Director the PDP-11, with its huge 24K memory [Pratt, 472]. Professional Cover Letter And Chief Information And? In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Ritchie published The C Programming Language, which has since then become somewhat of a bible to C programmers, and is often called the white book or KR. Agenda Sample, Format Download? Now that C was the main system language for the Unix environment, its use quickly spread throughout the programming community. As the popularity of Unix grew, so did that of C. Unix was provided to universities at a huge discount, and many other programmers came to enjoy using the Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief powerful Unix operating system.

During the 1980s the use of the C language spread widely, and compilers became available on nearly every machine architecture and operating system.[Ritchie, 681] As the language spread, it began to change slightly for each platform that it was written for, and at this point the first edition of KR no longer fully described the language and it became clear that a standard version of C was needed [Ritchie, 681]. Lilypad Arduino? Therefore, in the summer of 1983 the American National Standards Institute established the X3J11 committee to define the C language. They finally defined ANSI C in 1989. It took 6 years because the committee had taken a cautious, conservative view of the Police Letter Information language [Schildt, 4]. They knew that ANSI C was going to Body Beast Workout Sheets be very popular, and they wanted to get it right. C is And Chief now such a popular programming language that there have been several descendants from it that are in wide use. One such descendant, Objective C, was adopted by the NeXT computer company for their OpenStep operating system. Apple Computer recently bought out For Resume Of Resumes, NeXT, and Obj-C is now the main development language at Apple for its next generation operating system, codenamed Rhapsody. Another descendant from Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief And, C is Body - Zillafitness Concurrent C, which came out of Bell Labs by Dr. Narain Gehani and Dr. William D. Roome.

This language is particularly well tailored for parallel programming and is the result of an effort to enhance C so that it can be used to write concurrent programs that can run efficiently on single computers, on loosely-coupled distributed computer networks, or on tightly-coupled distributed multiprocessors.[ATT, 1] And of course there is the Resume Cover And Chief Information extremely popular C++, which is an object oriented extension of C which has become almost as popular as its parent in recent years. Proposal Project? C++ addresses some of the issues that plague C, such as weak support for modularization and weak type checking. We will now examine some of these problems. C is not a 'very high level' language, nor a 'big' one, and is not specialized to any particular area of application. But its absence of restrictions and its generality make it more convenient and effective for Professional Police Cover Letter Information many tasks than supposedly more powerful languages.[Kernighan, xi] C is a middle-level language; This does not mean that C is less powerful, harder to use, or less developed. [Schildt, 4] Instead, C combines the 8+ Work Templates Format advantages of a high-level language with the functionalism of Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief Information, assembly language. Like a higher-level language, C provides block structures, stand-alone functions, and some small amount of data typing.

It allows the manipulation of bits, bytes, words, and pointers, like assembly, but it abstracts the hardware away from the code so that something written in C is 8+ Work - Free Sample, Example Format very portable, meaning that a program can be easily adapted to run on several different computers [Jamsa, vii]. This is Professional Police And Chief a great thing for systems programmers; they can get the efficiency of assembly language programming without all the fuss, and then have a highly portable program. Body Beast? C is also a very lenient language; it allows the programmer to do many things that probably would be caught as errors in a high-level language. This is both an Police Resume Letter And advantage and a disadvantage. Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa? For the Resume Letter And Chief programmer who knows what she is Proposal – My Lilypad doing, it's very convenient to be able to Professional Police And Chief And do whatever she knows will work. However, for the inexperienced programmer, it may be confusing when the Job Duties Of A | Samples behavior of Professional Police Cover And Chief Information And, a program is not correct. A high-level language catches many more possible errors at Coaching Contract Free Pdf Documents compile time. Still, C lacks the highly typed environment that characterizes high-level languages. When Ritchie set out to improve B by adding data typing, he did manage to outfit C with six built in Professional Police Resume Cover Letter Information And data types (characters, short integers, long integers, floating point numbers, double-precision floating point numbers, and a void type), however the Contract Word, language permits almost all type conversions, which makes it not nearly as strongly typed as high-level languages such as Pascal and Ada. Another important feature of C is that it only has 32 keywords to Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief And learn.

BASIC, for comparison has 159 keywords, making it harder to Body Workout - Zillafitness learn than C [Schildt, 5]. Professional Police Resume? Brian Kernighan, co-author with Dennis Ritchie of The C Programming Language says, Although the absence of some of these features may seem like a grave deficiency. keeping the language down to modest size has real benefits. Since C is relatively small, it can be described in a small space and learned quickly. A programmer can reasonably expect to know and understand and indeed regularly use the entire language.[Kernighan, 2] The end result is that C gives the Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 programmer what the programmer wants: few restrictions, few complaints, block structures, stand-alone functions, and a compact set of keywords. By using C, you can nearly achieve the efficiency of assembly code combined with the structure of Professional Letter Information, ALGOL or Modula-2. It is no wonder that C is easily the Beast - Zillafitness most popular language among topflight professional programmers.[Schildt, 6] Unfortunately, C is not perfect. It lacks strong typing; it also has very weak support for modularization, its treatment of arrays and Professional Police Resume And Chief pointers is confusing to beginners, and Managing Director - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, its indirection operator (*) is even described by C's creator as an accident of Professional And Chief Information, syntax [Ritchie, 684]. Why does it continue to P12 Project Proposal – My Project be one of the most popular languages? One reason for C's success is that The Unix system is supplied to educational nonprofit organizations at a very low cost.

Approximately 90% of university computer science departments license the Unix system, and many advanced programmers and computer science majors learn to use the Unix system and to program in the C language.[Yates, 19] When these Unix experienced graduates go out into the work force and Professional Police Resume Letter Information And start programming, many of them choose to program in C on P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino, the Unix platform because it is familiar to them. In fact, this frequently happened in Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief And the 1980s and as commercial versions of Unix began to appear, the exposure to C caused its popularity to grow [Pratt, 472]. Business such as Sun, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Silicon Graphics Inc., NeXt, and now Apple which sell variants of the Unix operating system spread the Job Duties Receptionist | Samples Of Resumes use of Professional Police Letter And, C. It may not be the Workout Sheets most functional language, but because it is the system language for Unix, it gets around. But it is not only Unix that has caused C to be so popular. C exists on many non-Unix systems as well; . the languages invasion of other environments suggests more fundamental merits.[Ritchie, 685] C thrives in the consumer sector were Unix does not come near the market share held by Microsoft's Windows and Professional Police Letter And Chief And Apple's MacOS. The creators of Windows and the MacOS probably loved C, and thus they used it to program these non-Unix operating systems. Now, newcomers to programming learn C even though they probably are not at all familiar with the Unix environment.

Another reason for C's success, is the fact that programmers are willing to forgive C of its bad points because its good points are so outstanding. In fact, a majority of the problems with C diminish with experience. For example, the accident of syntax for the indirection operator becomes a natural oddity to the seasoned programmer, and the array and pointer confusion for beginners vanishes quickly with experience. Imprinted | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa 1500? The strong typing problem may even be seen as an advantage to experienced programmer. Sure, typing makes programming easier for beginners, but it could be seen as a hindrance for experienced programmers who know what they are doing. The problem with modularization is overcome by developing personal conventions for producing modules. Modules are chunks of code that can be wrapped up into a nice little bundle and interact with the Professional Resume Letter And Chief Information And rest of the program as a high-level object. Object-oriented languages, which have recently become popular, are an attempt to make modules easy to make.

One advantage to modularization is Body Beast - Zillafitness code reuse. Once you make a module that does something, you never have to write it again. Using conventions is by no means a solution to weak modularization support, but it can at least make the problem less noticeable. We can see that many of Professional Resume Cover And Chief, C's deficiencies can be overcome with experience, which is perhaps why C has become the language of Beast Workout, choice among seasoned programmers. Resume Cover Letter Information And? Finally, the fact that a programmer can use C instead of assembly and achieve nearly the Of A For Resume | Samples Of Resumes same efficiency of code contributes a great deal to Professional Cover And Chief the popularity of the language. This is not so important nowadays as it was back when computers were still tight on Coaching Contract - 4 Free, memory. High-level languages are memory hogs; the internal structures that need to be maintained within the language to handle data-typing, modularization, and scope take up precious memory.

In the PDP-7 that Thompson started working on, 8K bytes of memory meant that any program written for the computer had to Professional Police Resume Cover Letter Information be highly efficient. To deal with this restriction, Thompson programmed the first Unix kernel in assembly. This allowed him to manipulate each register and bit in memory as he needed. When C came along it made everything easier. Coaching Word, Pdf Documents? It produced code that was nearly as efficient as assembly, and it accelerated programming time considerably by providing many of the things high-level languages offer.

Eric Roberts, a Stanford professor of Computer Science says, C was designed to unlock the power of the computer and Letter And Chief And offers programmers considerable control over the programs they write. Managing - Jharkhand, Gorakhpur, Bihar? It is precisely this power that has contributed to the widespread use of the language.[Roberts, 15] But power has a downside. Police Resume Cover And Chief And? programmers can misuse the power of Beast Sheets - Zillafitness, C--and many do, perhaps because they are careless, or because they think it is somehow a badge of honor to Professional Police And Chief Information have accomplished a task in the most intricate and obscure way. P12 Project – My Lilypad? [Roberts, 15] For the highly experienced programmer, there is an annual contest called the Obfuscated C Code Contest where the Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And goal is to write the most obscure, complex, poorly styled code that still actually does something, albeit not usually useful [Noll, 1]. Programmers can have fun with the language which certainly contributes to the popularity of Managing Director Gorakhpur, - Office, C. Despite some aspects of the language that mystify beginners, C remains a simple and small language that is Police Resume And Chief Information And easily translatable with simple compilers. The data types that it supports are well-suited to those provided by real machines, and for what people use computers for in their work. This makes learning the Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized language less difficult. At the same time the language is Police Resume Cover And Chief Information And sufficiently abstracted from the Template - 4 Free machine details that program portability can be achieved.[Ritchie, 685] A program written in C can be more readily ported to different platforms because C compilers are so ubiquitous.

The success of Information And, Unix itself is probably the Imprinted | Preprinted 1500 most important factor in C's success. But the fact that it exists on many non-Unix platforms also contributes to its popularity. C covers the essential needs of many programmers, but does not try to Information supply too much.[Ritchie, 685] It provides just enough to Job - Director - Jharkhand, make programmers happy, but not so much as to create unneeded overhead and to Professional Police Letter And Chief Information And make learning the language difficult. C is quirky, flawed, and Templates Sample, Format Download an enormous success. Although accidents of history surely helped, it evidently satisfied a need for a system implementation language efficient enough to displace assembly language, yet sufficiently abstract and fluent to describe algorithms and Police Cover Letter And interactions in a wide variety of environments.[Ritchie, 686]

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Essay: A Report on E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Following report has been made on Resume Cover And Chief Information And the ‘Indian E-commerce Industry’. All the data has been collected from the internet, research papers and surveys. The e-commerce is one of the biggest things that have taken the Beast, Indian business by Police Letter And Chief storm. It is creating an entire new economy, which has a huge potential and is fundamentally changing the way businesses are done. P12 Project Proposal Lilypad Arduino! It has advantages for both buyers as well as sellers and this win-win situation is at the core of its phenomenal rise. Rising incomes and a greater variety of goods and services that can be bought over the internet is making buying online more attractive and convenient for consumers all over Professional Information, the country. The report gives information on different aspects of the Indian E-commerce industry.

For simplicity it is divided into various chapters. Chapter 1 ‘ Introduces to the Indian E-commerce industry and defines its importance to the economy. The objective of the study is set in Of A For Resume | Samples Of Resumes, this chapter. Chapter 2 – Briefs about the Global and Indian scenario. Comparison of U.S and Indian E-commerce. Chapter 3 ‘ Provides a brief insight into the Structure of the industry with the HHI index the Professional Police Letter Information And, Chapter 4 ‘ Has the macro environmental analysis of E-Commerce industry which includes the PESTEL analysis.

Chapter 5 – Briefs the Competitive analysis using Porters 5 Forces. Chapter 6 ‘ Performance Analysis using 4 key metrics on major players of E-commerce industry. Also included the Internet users traffic comparison on top 10 e-commerce sites in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Since from few years, Growth of Job Duties | Samples Of Resumes, internet has changed the world in terms of expectations of. the consumer and consumer behaviour. Professional Police And Chief And! Online websites for product purchasing concentrate.

on consumer behaviour pattern and shopping patter with drastic change. Company are now a. days willing to change their marketing strategies as they have understood traditional selling. practices won’t work with changing technology world. ‘Buying and selling products online’ was a new chapter introduced in the internet world in. year 1991. played a significant role to create a revolution in the online ecommerce. Till that time nobody thought that purchasing all kind of products online will become a trend. in world and P12 Project Project India will share a good part of success.

In the late 1990’s, and gave a first-hand experience for Indians towards E-retail. Initially when it use to come for weekly shopping of groceries, clothes, shoes and cosmetics, majority of the people preferred to get into Resume Cover Letter Information And, their cars and drive to the supermarket to Beast Sheets get the. groceries, shops or malls for other basic products. Now it is becoming common news that. people even buy their groceries online in India. 1.2 Business Model of E-commerce Industry.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 1) Flash Sales Sites: A Flash Sales e-Commerce Website is a B2C type business model. where the website sells the Police Cover And Chief Information, products directly to Cms 1500 Cms 1500 the end customers. They normally. manage the entire process of the e-Commerce lifecycle on their own or through their. partners and the consumer make the payment directly to the business owning and. managing the Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information, website. Templates Sample, Example Format Download! The consumers take the Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And, benefit of huge discounts, which at. times ranges from 50% to 90%, and prefer to buy the products they always aspired to.

own. They are normally unaware or do not really care even if the product they are. buying from such websites are obsolete or no longer in fashion. 2) Daily Deals Sites: A Daily Deals Website also operates as a B2C website and. typically showcases a very lucrative sale on a single or a set of Managing Director Gorakhpur,, products for the. customers.

Unlike the Flash Sales website, such a deal is time bound (usually for a. day) which compels the user to make immediate decisions for Professional Police Resume Cover Letter, that product purchase. 3) Group Buying Sites: A group buying website is quite a unique B2C business model. where the website invites the buyers to buy the products / services at a discounted or. at a wholesale price. Like the Daily Deals site, the products advertised on the group.

buying sites are also time bound, but usually not limited to a day. An online subscription website works in a similar manner like an offline subscription. for any kind of service. Such websites showcase the entire catalogue of subscription. options for the users to Beast Workout - Zillafitness choose from and subscribe online. There are a number of B2C e-Commerce websites offering a range of products and. services to customers across different brands and categories. Such websites buy the. products from the brands or their distributors and sell to the end customer on Police Resume Cover And Chief market.

competitive prices. Though their modus operandi is same like a flash sales website, but their business objective is to offer the latest products to P12 Project – My Lilypad Arduino Project the end customers online. at the Letter And Chief And, best possible prices. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Another business model gaining attracting in India recently is the online marketplace. model which enables the buyers get in touch with the sellers and makes a transaction. In this business model, the website owners do not buy the product from the sellers but. act as mediators to Job - - Jharkhand, - Office facilitate the Letter And Chief And, entire e-commerce transaction.

They do assist the. sellers in various services like payment collection, logistics, etc. but do not prefer to. hold inventory in Coaching Template Word, Pdf Documents, their own warehouse. 1) C2C Marketplace. A C2C Marketplace or a Consumer to Consumer marketplace means an online. marketplace where individual consumers can sell products to individual buyers. As a seller, even if you do not run a business, you are free to sell your product. through such marketplace to the end customers. 2) B2C Marketplace. A B2C Marketplace or a Business to Police Cover And Consumer marketplace means an online.

marketplace where only P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino, business owners can sell their products to Resume Cover Letter And the end. customer. The process is more or less the same like that of a C2C Marketplace. with the exception that it does not allow individual users to sell their products. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. online. Best example of this kind of Body Beast Workout Sheets - Zillafitness, a website would be which has. now become a B2C Marketplace. 3) B2B Marketplace. In a Business-to-Business E-commerce environment, companies sell their online.

goods to other companies without being engaged in sales to Resume Cover And consumers. B2B web. shop usually contains customer-specific pricing, customer-specific assortments and. customer-specific discounts. and TATA groups are few. popular sites in P12 Project Proposal Project, India.

A Study on Cover Information And Indian E-Commerce Industry. Exclusive Brand Stores. This is the latest business model of its kind recently started in India. In this business. model, the various brands setup their own exclusive brand stores online to enable. consumers buy directly from the brand. A few examples of brands operating through. an Exclusive Online Brand Store are Lenovo, Canon, Timex, Sennheiser, HP, Samsung, etc. 1.3 Role of Internet in E-Commerce.

Large and small business companies both use internets for promotional activities. Director Gorakhpur, Bihar - Office! Some of. the advantages of E-Commerce are:- 1. Professional Police Resume Letter And! Availability- The availability of internet is widespread these days and hence is easily. accessible to people which has increased the online purchases of goods and.

2. Open to All- Internet open page allows everyone to Coaching - 4 Download access and transact from any. global location. Moreover it provides an extension of product choice to the customers. which in Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief, turn is not possible at local retail stores, etc . A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3. Global Presence- Having a global presence it is Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 Hcfa 1500 very easy to access from any world. location just by having a laptop and an internet connection. All such happenings have. encouraged E-Commerce as any commodity is just a step away from Professional Police Cover And Chief Information And, oneself. 4. Professional Transaction- Internet allows professional transaction with just one click a. professionalism that consists of decision making.

5. P12 Project Proposal! Low Cost, More Earn- E-commerce can be easily done with more earnings and less. expenses. The easiest approach is to Police Cover Letter Information replace sales person with a well informative and. designed web page that could easily help the customers to have their like items at. their doorsteps with a click of a mouse. 1.4 Changes due to online shopping in India. According to report BCG (Boston consultancy Group), by 2016, Indian economy will reach. $10.8 trillion. In global chart India’s rank is Coaching Template - 4 Free Download 8th.

India ranks top in services and china occupies. top position in goods in terms of export through internet. As of now, June 2014, India has. user base of about 250.2 million. It is estimated that by 2024-26, e-commerce market in India. will be $260 billion. At an Exponential rate, E-commerce is Professional Resume Cover And Chief Information And growing in India.

According to recent online retailing. report by Template Free Word, Pdf Documents Forrester, twenty eight percentage of growth is Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief experienced by every retailer year. after year in 2012. As per the study digital consumers spend alomostaround$1.46 billion on. cyber cafes. This indicated that year after year there will be increasing number of online. users. Consumer behaviour is one of the Coaching Contract Template - 4 Word, Pdf Documents, biggest reasons of e-commerce boom in India. Major reasons for Resume, online shopping growth in India. ‘ There is increase in broadband connection and 3G penetration in – My Lilypad Project, India.

‘ Much wider range of products are available then what is available in brick and mortar. ‘ Living standard is rising for Police Cover Letter Information, middle class people and disposal income is also getting. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ‘ Online products are usually available at discount which is less than the products. available in normal shops.

‘ Lack of time and Contract - 4 Word, Download busy lifestyle for offline shopping. ‘ Evolution of the online marketplace model with websites like ebay, flipkart, snapdeal. ‘ Takes less time for purchasing as there is Police Cover Letter And no need to stand in the queues which usually. done in offline shopping. 1.5 Advantages of 8+ Work Agenda Templates Format, E-Commerce. ‘ With E-Commerce as an alternative shopping is no longer a barrier for the customers. in terms of time, distance and place as customers can shop at any time and Professional Resume And Chief Information from. anywhere they prefer to. ‘ E-Commerce has satisfied and provides certified branded products to the customers. that even typical Indian customers are ready to buy products such as clothes, shoes, etc. without even touching or trying them for fitness.

‘ All extra expenditures that were initially done on labour, etc are avoided and a lot of. funds get saved. ‘ Shopping through web is the most feasible options for Coaching Contract Template - 4 Free Word,, metro city residents. ‘ Transaction time has reduced. ‘ Alternative products offered by different brands are also availed to Letter And Chief the customers if by. chance the P12 Project Arduino Project, current product in a particular brand is unavailable.

‘ 1-Day delivery along with door-door delivery has caught a boom in the market with. the evolution of Professional Police, E-Commerce. 1.6 Disadvantages of E-Commerce. ‘ Unprofessionalism has increased as any company gets a chance to make their business. portal out of trust or belief. ‘ Customer interaction is very less so the product quality and satisfaction to the. customer remains a matter for concern. ‘ Hackers and crackers are day in and day out Of A Receptionist For Resume | Samples Of Resumes searching for Police Cover, a chance to hack into. customer personal details that they share at the time of online payments. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

‘ E-commerce go discouraging for the purchasing of precious items just by having a. glance of them rather than getting a chance to Body Beast Workout - Zillafitness wear them or check product quality. such as jewellery etc. ‘ E-commerce concept is under a mess as many online sites do not deliver services as. promised at the time of Professional Police Resume Information, placing the order. ‘ Authenticity for the product is untrustworthy.

1.7 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. ‘ To study the global and Indian scenario with respect to the E-commerce Industry. ‘ To study the structure of the Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To study the macro environmental factors affecting the Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To analyze the industry using Porters 5 Forces. ‘ To study the performance of major players in the industry. ‘ To compare the U.S and Indian E-commerce industry.

‘ To study the future opportunities and prospective growth in the industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. GLOBAL AND INDIAN. A Study on Imprinted Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.1 Status of the Resume Information, global e-commerce industry. Middle class in many of the developing countries, including India, is rapidly embracing. online shopping. P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad! However, India falls behind not only US, China and Australia in terms of. Internet density, but also countries like Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Sri Lanka has an Professional And Chief Information, internet.

penetration of Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino Project, 15 percent. Better internet connectivity and the presence of an internet-savvy. customer segment have led to growth of e-commerce in Sri Lanka with an existing market. size of USD 2 billion. Pakistan, with an internet penetration of 15 percent has an existing. market size of Resume Cover And Chief And, consumer e-commerce of USD 4 billion. Incidentally FDI in Managing - Office, inventory-based. consumer ecommerce is allowed in both these countries. (IAMAI-KPMG report, September. A.T.

Kearney’s 2012 E-Commerce Index examined the top 30 countries in the 2012 Global. Retail Development Index’ (GRDI). Using 18 infrastructure, regulatory, and Professional Cover Letter And retail-specific. variables, the Workout - Zillafitness, Index ranks the top 10 countries by their e-commerce potential. Following are some other major findings of the Index: i) China occupies first place in the Index. The G8 countries (Japan, United States, United.

Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Russia, and Italy) all fall within the Top 15. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ii) Developing countries feature prominently in the Index. Developing countries hold 10 of. the 30 spots, including first-placed China. These markets have been able to shortcut the.

traditional online retail maturity curve as online retail grows at Professional Police And Chief the same time that physical. retail becomes more organized. Consumers in these markets are fast adopting behaviors. similar to those in Imprinted Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500, more developed countries. iii) Several “small gems” are making an Police Cover Letter And Chief Information, impact.

The rankings include 10 countries with. populations of less than 10 million, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Slovakia, New. Zealand, Finland, United Arab Emirates, Norway, Ireland, Denmark, and Body Beast - Zillafitness Switzerland. These. countries have active online consumers and sufficient infrastructure to support online retail. iv) India is not ranked.

India, the Professional Letter Information, world’s second most populous country at Body Beast Sheets - Zillafitness 1.2 billion, does. not make the Top 30, because of low internet penetration (11 percent) and poor financial and. logistical infrastructure compared to other countries. It is seen that countries making in the top list of the table of e-commerce have required. technologies coupled with higher internet density, high class infrastructure and suitable. regulatory framework. India needs to work on these areas to realize true potential of Information, ecommerce.

business in the country. 2.2 Comparison of E-Commerce in US and India. The Indian e-commerce market will reach as high as USD 6 Billion by the year 2015. This. implies that if we compare the e-commerce market with the Job - Director - Jharkhand,, statistics from the year 2014, there is a substantial growth of 70%. Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief And! It is evident that India is slowly becoming like the US in. the area of e-commerce. It is Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa stated that India has started doing well in the market of e-commerce because of the. growing number of people who have access to mobile Internet.

Broadband usage has. increased by about three times in the last two years (2013 #038; 2014). A Study on Police Cover And Chief Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.1 Cash on Delivery (COD) system in India. Cash on Delivery is an Indian thing. US consumers mainly transact online using Credit Cards. or through PayPal.

Indians are known to be price sensitive. Even though with heavy. discounting e-retailers are trying to lure them to buy online, consumers are still wary of. making prepaid orders. The situation is different in US. Even though the discounting games continue, users generally. go with prepayment. This is also because the penetration of credit cards and electronic. payments is highly evolved in that market, while in India, despite the estimated 1.252 billion.

strong population of India, only Body Beast Workout Sheets, 18.8 million credit cards existed in Professional Resume And Chief Information, the country, with. approximately 331 million debit cards till last year. The popularity of CoD is Job - Director Bihar directly. dependent on the trust issues consumers have on the online retailers. 2.2.2 Offers and excitement created among customers. The trend of mega online shopping festivals started in the West. From offline trends of. Macy’s Day parade and Black Friday to taking these festivals online, and creating further.

new trends like Cyber Monday. India is still naive, even the Cover Letter Information And, three editions of the Great Online Shopping Festival have not. been able to make the impact they were expected to. The festive season of Diwali is Coaching Contract Free Pdf Documents Download a time. when Indians indulge in spending, and Professional Resume And Chief And while the Indian retailers were busy creating their. respective versions of ‘mega sales’, US based Amazon was the Receptionist Of Resumes, first to step on this. opportunity with ‘Diwali Dhamaka Sale’. Also, the consumer shopping behaviour is different. in the Professional Cover Letter, two countries. The Indian online retails brings up offers and excitement into the consumers, but it is Of A Receptionist For Resume Of Resumes not big. like how it is in US.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.3 Type of Product that People Buy Online. Nowadays people buying real estate and Professional Police Cover And Chief even automobiles online even in India is becoming. common. But in general, Apparel and electronics remain the most popular categories people. buy online, and the same is seen in the US as well. These two categories dominate both the. An area where India is lacking is - Zillafitness online grocery retail. Grocery retail and logistics is highly.

evolved in US. In India, it was a taboo, and wasn’t touched for a long time even though the. sentiment was strong. Players are emerging now in this segment, with start-up’s like. BigBasket, LocalBanya etc. and mature players like Reliance Fresh taking the lead. The local Indian ‘banya’ is still stronger than online stores. The unorganised retail in India is. an area where the e-commerce would be able make a difference and eventually take over. 2.2.4 Logistics and Regulations.

The logistics infrastructure is still not up to the mark in India. While India Post is Professional Cover Letter And Chief Information doing a. great job in helping the e-commerce players, no dedicated e-commerce company has been. able to scale up its operations to Managing Gorakhpur, - Office reach all the postal codes. The penetration of Professional Police Resume Cover Information And, internet in. India is 18% as against 87% in US, is a big hindrance. When it comes to technology, site crashes, issues in ERP systems etc. are commonly heard.

things in Director Gorakhpur,, India. Whereas in US, the technology is very strong. The Government bodies in India haven’t yet matured to the online businesses that are. operational. There hasn’t been any clear guidelines for FDI until recently, even there the. Government has decided to treat both online and offline retail alike. Some of the Professional Resume Letter Information, other online.

marketplace keeps running into Of A Receptionist, warehousing policy issues. The heavy discounting is another. questionable area, since the Government has clear guidelines for Maximum Retail Price, there is no lower bar set. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. STRUCTURE OF THE. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3.1 HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX. A commonly accepted measure of market concentration. It is calculated by squaring the. market share of each firm competing in a market, and then summing the resulting numbers. The HHI number can range from close to Letter And Chief And zero to 10,000.

The HHI is Proposal Lilypad Arduino Project expressed as: HHI = S1^2 + S2^2 + S3^2 + … + Sn^2 (where Sn is the market. share of the Ith firm) the closer a market is to being a monopoly, the higher the market’s. concentration (and the lower its competition). For the e-commerce industry, the HHI, based on the market share is calculated as follows. Company Sales(in cr) market. Flipkart 2846.13 53.89683186 2904.868484. Jabong 202 3.82525044 14.63254093. Myntra 441.58 8.362148958 69.92553519. Snapdeal 830 15.7176132 247.0433646.

Amazon 168.99 3.20014392 10.24092111. Ebay 107 2.02624652 4.105674961. naptol 460 8.710966349 75.88093474. Yebhi 120 2.272426004 5.163919944. Yepme 80 1.514950669 2.295075531. bewakoof 25 0.473422084 0.22412847. total sales 5280.7 100 3334.38058. The HHI can have a theoretical value ranging from close to zero to 10,000. Professional Police Letter Information And! If there exists. only a single market participant which has 100% of the market share the HHI would be. 10,000.

If there were a great number of market participants with each company having a. market share of almost 0% then the HHI could be close to Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500 zero. ‘ When the HHI value is less than 100, the market is Professional Resume Letter Information highly competitive. ‘ When the HHI value is between 100 and 1000, the market is said to be not concentrated. ‘ When the HHI value is between 1000 and 1800, the market is said to be moderately. ‘ When the HHI value is above 1800, the market is said to be highly concentrated. So the HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX of the E-commerce industry is greater than. 1800. Hence it is highly concentrated.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1 PORTER’S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in Managing - Jharkhand, - Office, check to Professional Police Resume Letter And attract buyers. Customer can choose from P12 Project – My Arduino Project, a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they. are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose.

Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Cover Letter Information! Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino possess more power when compared to online retail. Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to see which. site offers the product in And Chief And, the least price.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers. The huge competition in Imprinted | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted, the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from a wide range of Resume And Chief Information And, offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they.

are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites.

So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to Job Duties Of A Receptionist online retail. Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to see which. site offers the product in the least price. 4.1.2 Bargaining Power of suppliers. Tens of Resume And Chief, millions of sellers list their products on Proposal – My ecommerce marketplaces; hence. their individual bargaining power is limited.

However, sellers can also list their products on multiple platforms and Resume Cover And sites, including Amazon, and 8+ Work Agenda - Free Example Download various international e-commerce sites. Hence, if. eBay introduces policy and pricing changes that are unsatisfactory to sellers, then it. could result in lower number of product listings on its marketplace. There are relatively fewer number of postal and delivery services as well as. shipping carriers; hence any pricing change or disruption in their services could. hamper eBay’s ability to deliver products on time. Hence, these carriers hold some. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

The sources that generate traffic on ecommerce site can also be classified as. suppliers. Search engines hold significant leverage as they account for over 20% of. traffic on eBay if we account for both organic and paid search (according to Similar. Web estimates).

Changes in Resume Letter And Chief Information, Google SEO (search engine algorithm) have a negative. impact on traffic. Template Word, Download! eBay’ seller marketplace model leads to large amounts of. unstructured data on the site, which is Professional Police Resume And Chief And detrimental to its SEO efforts. Additionally, several referring sites such as, and social. networks also bring considerable traffic to ecommerce and any changes in their. policies could adversely affect the company’s top-line and Body Sheets profitability. In this industry, suppliers are the manufacturers of finished products like Nike, Dell,

Apple etc. Online retail companies sell various products ranging from Resume Cover And, books to. computer accessories to apparels to footwear. Since there are many suppliers for any. particular category, they can’t show power on online retail companies.

For example, if you take computers category, there are many suppliers like Dell, Apple, Lenovo, and Toshiba who wants to sell their products through these online retail companies. So, they won’t be having power to control the online retail companies. Online. customers can select the Managing Director Gorakhpur, Bihar, products on their own and the switching costs in And Chief, this case is. zero. It is very difficult for manufacturers of - Jharkhand, Bihar - Office, finished products to come into this. industry because of challenges in Logistics. Online retail industry is important to. suppliers because it acts as one of the channel to sell the products. Professional Resume! Now, with most. of the Body Sheets - Zillafitness, customers in India purchasing online through online retail companies, they.

can’t afford to lose this channel. So, they can’t dictate terms with online retail. companies. So, in Police Cover Letter, this industry the supplier power is low. 4.1.3 Competitive Rivalry within the Industry. E-commerce faces competition in its marketplaces segment from both offline and online. players. Coaching - 4 Free Word, Pdf Documents Download! Customers can buy products from Professional Police Cover Letter And Chief, a wide range of retailers, distributors, auctioneers, directories, search engines, etc and hence the competition is intense. A Study on Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa Indian E-Commerce Industry. Various factors such as price, product selection and Professional Cover And Chief And services influence the purchasing.

decision of customers. Coaching Template - 4 Word, Pdf Documents! E-commerce companies frequently engage in price-based. competition to Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief And woo buyers, which limits their ability to raise prices. In the payments business, there is competition from sources such as credit and. debit cards, bank wires, other online payment services as well as offline payment. mechanisms including cash, check, money order or mobile phones. Considering the entry of newer players such as Apple Pay and Alibaba, the. competition is expected to heighten in the online payments space. Competition is very high in this industry with so many players like Flip kart, Myntra, Jabong, Snap deal, Amazon, India plaza, Homeshop18 etc.

4.1.4 Threat of New Entrants. Given the nature of the business, there is always a threat of new entrants as it is. relatively less costly to enter the market and setup operations. There is no additional. cost incurred to set up any physical stores and locations. In addition, traditional.

established physical stores can easily move into online retailing and bring with them. their substantial consumer base. These stores such as Target or Wal-Mart, already enjoy. economies of scale, have recognizable brands and a strong supply chain. So they do. pose strong competition to Amazon. That said, the threat from brand new entrants remains low as it would be nearly. impossible for a new company to match the Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500, cost advantages, economies of scale and. variety of offering as

These advantages will deter most brand new. entrants to the market. Substantial Economies of Professional Resume Cover And Chief Information And, Scale. Ecommerce like Amazon works with over Body Workout - Zillafitness, 10,000 vendors and boasts an impressive 75. percent repeat purchasers. Its market capitalization is substantially ahead of Cover Letter And Chief Information, its nearest. A Study on Proposal – My Lilypad Arduino Project Indian E-Commerce Industry. First Mover Advantage.

As the pioneer online retailer, Amazon , flip kart has the necessary brand awareness and. credibility as a strong reliable presence in Professional Police Letter And Chief, the market. Massive product Variety. Way beyond a bookstore now, , Flipkart provides any type of product. there is in its online stores. This means that there is a strong supplier base relationship. that cannot be replicated. Coaching Contract - 4 Word,! In addition, as a bookseller and a provider of Letter And, other.

entertainment channels such as movies, videos and music, ecommerce has established. relationships with publishers, producers, movie studies and Contract Template Free Pdf Documents Download music producers which are. not easy to form and Letter Information replicate. The e-commerce market is characterized by low barriers to entry. It is relatively easy. for newer players to enter the Job Duties Of A Receptionist For Resume, market and start selling products. Having said that, it’s. difficult for newer players to Professional Police And Chief And gain brand recognition and attain high ranking on search. Newer players require significant marketing budgets to compete on a large scale and. this restricts entry of newer players to an extent. The online payments market has relatively higher barriers to entry as there is intense.

competition between established players; additionally, security is a paramount during. online payments and hence newer players which do not have the necessary brand. recognition will find it difficult to attract new customers. However, established players such as Apple, Amazon and Alibaba have the potential. to make a dent in PayPal’s strong market position. ‘ Indian government is going to allow 51% FDI in multi-brand online retail and. 100% FDI in single brand online retail sooner or later. So, this means foreign.

companies can come and Coaching Contract Word, Download start their own online retail companies. ‘ There are very less barriers to entry like less amount of Professional Police Letter And Chief Information, money required to start a. business, less amount of infrastructure required to Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa start business. All you need is. to tie up with suppliers of products and you need to develop a website to display. A Study on Resume Information Indian E-Commerce Industry. products so that customers can order products, and a tie up with online payment.

gateway provider like bill desk. ‘ Industry is also going to grow at a rapid rate. It is going to touch 76 billion $ by. 2021. Industry is Job Duties Of A going to experience an exponential growth rate. So, obviously no. one wants to miss this big opportunity. 4.1.5 Threat of substitute products. The threat of substitutes for ecommerce is high.

The unique characteristic Amazon has is. the patented technology (such as 1-Click Ordering), which differentiates them from other. possible substitutes. However, there are many alternatives providing the same products. and services, which could reduce Amazon’s competitive advantage. Therefore, Amazon. does not have absolute competitive advantage on their product offerings, but they. definitely have the Professional Police Resume And, advantage when it comes to Coaching - 4 Free Word, Pdf Documents Download the quality of customer service and. There is Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And no technology that can substitute the Internet so far in the market.

Even, analog. signal that use to send the television signal or radio signal are not the main threat. The main substitute that exists is the brick and motor store, which they change or move. their place to be on the Internet. Therefore, the e-commerce industry has low threat of. substitutions.

When we compare relative quality, relative price of product that he/she. buys online with physical store, both are almost same and in some cases, online discounts. will be available which makes customers to – My Project buy products online. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Porters 5 Force Model of Professional Police Resume Cover Letter, E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. This industry analysis, also known as the macro environmental analysis is basically done to. determine the conditions in which the industry is operating in. The analysis of these factors. becomes very important for P12 Project Proposal – My, a company operating in that particular industry for the growth.

5.1 POLITICAL AND LEGAL FACTORS: E-commerce has introduced many changes in the Indian consumers and Professional Cover customers. Sheets! However, e-commerce in India has also given rise to many disputes by the consumers purchasing the. products from e-commerce websites. In fact, many e-commerce websites are not following. Indian laws at all and they are also not very fair while dealing with their consumers. Allegations of predatory pricing, tax avoidance, anti competitive practices, etc have been. levelled against big e-commerce players of India. As a result, disputes are common in Police Letter Information And, India. that is not satisfactorily redressed.

This reduces the confidence in the e-commerce segment. and the 8+ Work Agenda Templates - Free, unsatisfied consumers have little choice against Police Cover And Chief Information And, the big e-commerce players. At a. time when we are moving towards global norms for e-commerce business activities, the. present e-commerce environment of India needs fine tuning and regulatory scrutiny. In fact, India is exploring the possibility of regulation of e-commerce through either Telecom. Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) or through different Ministries/Departments of Central.

Government in a collective manner. It is obvious that e-commerce related issues are not easy to manage. Coaching Template - 4 Word, Pdf Documents! E-commerce disputes. resolution is even more difficult and challenging especially when Indian Courts are already. overburdened with court cases. Of course, establishment of e-courts in India and use of online. dispute resolution (ODR) in India are very viable and convincing options before the Indian.

Many Indian stakeholders have raised objections about the way e-commerce websites are. operating in India. These websites are providing deep discounts that have been labeled as. predatory by offline traders and businesses. Further, Myntra, Flipkart, Amazon, Uber, etc. have already been questioned by the regulatory authorities of India for violating Indian laws.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.1.1 NEED FOR HUMORIZED TAXATION LAWS: Laws regulating ecommerce in India are still evolving and lack clarity. Favorable regulatory. environment would be key towards unleashing the Police And Chief Information, potential of Template Free Pdf Documents Download, ecommerce and help in. efficiency in operations, creation of jobs, growth of the Cover Letter And Chief And, industry, and investments in back-end. infrastructure.

Furthermore, the interpretation of Coaching Download, intricate tax norms and complex inter-state. taxation rules make ecommerce operations difficult to manage and to stay compliant to Professional Police Information the. laws. With the wide variety of audience the ecommerce companies cater to, compliance. becomes a serious concern. Companies will need to have strong anti-corruption programs for. sourcing and vendor management, as well as robust compliance frameworks. It is important. for the Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500, E-Commerce companies to keep a check at Cover And Chief every stage and adhere to the relevant.

laws, so as to avoid fines.Myntra, Flipkart and many more e-commerce websites are under. regulatory scanner of Enforcement Directorate (ED) of India for violating Indian laws and. policies. There are no taxation laws for these websites so the products are being sold at huge. discounts in these sites. Some of the major causes not keeping taxation laws over ecommerce. are that the government is not having proper knowledge about the structure of. industry and the limitations that has to be given to the e commerce industry and what are the. rights that should be given to them for selling the product Security of the information. provided during the online transaction is a major concern.

Under section 43A of the I T Act. the ‘Reasonable practices and procedures and Templates - Free Sample, Example Download sensitive personal data or information Rules, 2011’ have been proposed, which provide a framework for the protection of data in India. A Study on Police Resume Letter Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.2 ECONOMIC FACTORS: Mass usage of Cms 1500 | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa 1500, internet: The usage of internet is increasing rapidly in Professional Police Letter And Chief, INDIA, it is Sheets said that India is said to be the 3rd. largest internet population country after USA and CHINA. Current India internet users are. 205 millions .The total no of users are expected to be 330-370 millions in Professional Cover, just 3 years.

The. internet usage in cities has been increased rapidly. Increased aspiration levels and availability. The aspiration of the Indian youth and middle class while the coming year will be even more. promising both for the consumer as also the Template - 4 Free, entrepreneurs, with average annual spending on. online purchases projected to increase by 67 per cent to Cover Letter And Chief Rs 10,000 from Rs 6,000 per person. In 2014, about 40 million consumers purchased something online and Beast Workout Sheets number is expected to. grow to 65 million by 2015 with better infrastructure in terms of logistics, broadband and.

Internet ready devices will be fuelling the demand in ecommerce. The smart phones and. tablet shoppers will be strong growth divers, mobile already accounts for 11% of e commerce. sales, and Professional Resume Letter And Chief Information And its share will jump to 25% by – My Arduino Project 2017. Computer and consumer’s electronics as well. eral and accessories account for the bulk of India retail ecommerce sales will contribute 42% A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Liberal policies (FDI in Professional Resume Cover Letter And, Retail and Insurance) The E-commerce Association of India (ECAI) is looking for a positive response from the. government on Coaching Contract Template Free Download critical reforms like permitting FDI for Professional Police Resume Cover And, the B2C inventory led model.

This has. been industry’s demand for Job - Managing - Office, a long-time, especially as many small and medium sized. ecommerce players face obstacles on easy access to capital and technology. The industry has. been hoping that the government would at least review a partial opening of the sector to FDI.

In 2015 budget the FDI has been increased to 51 %. So there is Letter Information And a positive response from the. international e commerce industry that is trying to enter into India. Even is also. trying to enter into India with the help of Beast Workout Sheets! But on the other side the small e. commerce companies are finding it difficult because may face difficulty in Professional Police Information And, the future when. the MNC e commerce companies enter India. Supply chain and the productivity growth. The most important impact of ecommerce is maintained supply chain and Templates - Free Sample, Example Download the productivity of. the products. The buying and selling of goods’continues to undergo changes that will have a. profound impact on Professional Police Cover And the way companies manage their supply chains.

Simply put, e-commerce. has altered the practice, timing, and technology of Job Duties Receptionist | Samples Of Resumes, business-to-business and business-toconsumer. commerce. It has affected pricing, product availability, transportation patterns, and. consumer behavior in developed economy in India. Business-to-business electronic. commerce accounts for Police Resume Cover And Chief, the vast majority of total e-commerce sales and plays a leading role in. supply chain network. In 2014, approximately 21 percent of manufacturing sales and 14.6. percent of wholesales are done in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

From the moment the online order is placed to when it is picked, packed, and shipped, every. step in the process must be handled efficiently, consistently, and cost-effectively. In ecommerce, the distribution center provides much of the Imprinted Cms 1500 1500, customer experience. Police Cover And Chief Information And! Simply. delivering the Body Beast Workout Sheets, goods is Resume Letter no longer an Templates Example Format Download, adequate mission for the fulfillment center’customer. satisfaction has to be a critical priority. The typical e-commerce consumer expects a wide. selection of SKU offerings, mobile-site ordering capability, order accuracy, fast and free. delivery, and free returns. Understanding how online consumers shop and purchase across. channels is critical to Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief the success of online fulfillment.

More consumers are browsing the. Internet for features and selection, testing products at brick-and-mortar stores, acquiring. discounts through social media, and | Personalized Cms 1500 then purchasing the product online through the. convenience of their mobile device. Some retailers,’including those that also sell through. catalogs’have been in Cover And Chief Information And, the direct-to-consumer marketplace for some time.

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Better comfort level and trust in online shopping: ‘ Consumers feel easy to access the ecommerce sites 24?7 support. Customer can do. transactions for the product or enquiry about any product/services provided by Imprinted | Personalized Cms 1500 a company. anytime, anywhere from any location. Here 24?7 refers to 24 hours of each seven days of a. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options and quicker delivery of products. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options to compare and select the cheaper and. ‘ A customer can put review comments about a product and can see what others are buying or.

see the review comments of Resume Cover Letter And Chief And, other customers before making a final buy. ‘ E-Commerce provides option of virtual auctions. ‘ Readily available information. 8+ Work Format! A customer can see the relevant detailed information within. seconds rather than waiting for days or weeks. Advantages to the society: ‘ Customers need not to travel to Professional Police Resume Information shop a product thus less traffic on road and low air pollution. ‘ E-Commerce helps reducing cost of products so less affluent people can also afford the.

‘ E-Commerce has enabled access to services and products to rural areas as well which are. otherwise not available to them. ‘ E-Commerce helps government to deliver public services like health care, education, social. services at reduced cost and in Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Hcfa, improved way. ‘ E-Commerce increases competition among the organizations and as result organizations. provides substantial discounts to customers.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.4 Technological factors: Cloud computing in e commerce: According to Cover Letter Information And analysts, within 10 years’ time 80% of all computer usage worldwide, data. storage and e-commerce will be in the cloud. It is called the third phase of the internet.

During the Imprinted | Personalized Cms 1500 Hcfa 1500, first phase software and Police Letter operating systems were combined to create a simple flow. of communication through ‘ for instance ‘ email. The second phase brought the Job - Managing Director - Jharkhand, Bihar - Office, user to the. World Wide Web, where he had access to Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief millions of websites. This increased internet usage.

by a factor of one hundred in only 2 years’ time. In the third phase everything is in the cloud, both data and software. There are several types of cloud computing, of which Software-as-a-Service is probably the. best-known. Body Workout - Zillafitness! The others are Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure-as-a-Service. The ability to lower costs, accelerate deployments and respond quickly. to market opportunities and challenges are just a few reasons why so many IT leaders are. leveraging cloud based e commerce applications. Given the Professional Resume And, variety of Managing Director Gorakhpur, Bihar, solutions, IT leaders.

must research their options carefully in order to select the Police Letter And, one that best meets their needs. Following are the top four impacts of cloud computing on e-commerce applications and. steps IT leaders should take during their evaluation process. It’s easy for business leaders to focus on the benefits of cloud computing without considering. the time and effort involved in implementing a viable solution.

However, whatever cloud. computing solution they select, the application will need access to customer data, product. data, fulfilment systems and other operational systems in order to support e-commerce. Body Sheets - Zillafitness! Cue. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Consumerization of the online customer experience requires closer scrutiny. While many B2C companies use e-commerce platforms for direct sales, B2B organizations. are also leveraging them to Cover Letter And Chief And add transactional capabilities to their informational sites. In. addition, the online experience is Templates becoming more ‘consumerized,’ meaning that B2B buyers.

expect a retail-like customer experience ‘ even when visiting non-retail sites. Cloud solution. providers (CSPs) that focus solely on creating retail models are often not well-versed in B2B. requirements which can be more complex. As a result, their offerings don’t include B2B. functions, such as easy entry of large orders and repeat orders, segmented product catalogues.

that are based on a client hierarchy and buying privileges, configure price quote capabilities. and extended payment terms. IT leaders have an Resume And Chief, unprecedented number of CSPs from which. to choose. However, they need to carefully evaluate ones that have experience meeting their. industry-specific needs, whether it’s B2B, B2C, or a combination of both. Usage of bandwidth for E-commerce:

Transmission capacity of a communication channel is a major barrier for products that. require more graphical and video data. For this e commerce companies need higher. bandwidth than usual. These all depend on the no of the customers visiting websites, the. type of the products the e commerce industry is selling and the location at | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 which the Resume Cover Information, online. users are mostly visiting the website.

These all are some of the factors that affect the usage. of bandwidth. Web processing is also some of the key factors that make e commerce. industry to run. Another key factor is: High cost of developing, purchasing new software, licensing of software, integration into existing systems, costly e business solutions for. Benefits of using cloud computing over Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa, E-commerce: ‘ Trust. Cloud computing enables online store owners to Resume Cover Letter use the same platform and use. the same functionality. That means that new features can be made available to. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. everyone with a simple modification.

Moreover, the maintenance is taken care of. centrally, which means that store owners can rely on a stable platform. ‘ Cost saving. Arduino! In many cases this is the And Chief And, most important reason for companies to choose. cloud computing. Since companies do not need to purchase hardware or bandwidth, costs can be decreased by Beast 80%. ‘ Speed. A company can activate an ecommerce application five times faster and sell. directly through a platform that is managed remotely. ‘ Scalability. Cloud computing makes a company more elastic and able to respond to.

seasonal changes or sudden increases in demand due to special promotions. ‘ Security. Many cloud computing suppliers have been certified so more security can be. guaranteed to Resume Cover Information customers. ‘ Data exchange. The explosive growth of cloud ecommerce will lead to more data. exchange between the clouds. Suppliers will offer more and more possibilities to Arduino Project add. features to their clouds for users, partners and others. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

6. Letter And Chief Information And! FIRMS UNDER STUDY. Four key metrics have been used to evaluate the performance of. E-Retailers in India. 2. Subscriber Growth Rate. 3. Average Order Size: 4. Percentage of Mobile Visits. 6.1 Gross Margin (Financial year 2013-2014) Online shopping in India is growing at a very fast clip.

At the Coaching Contract Word, Pdf Documents, same time, there is an intense. competition in Professional Resume Letter And Chief, ecommerce space, especially among the top 3 players. There is aggressive. pricing and discounts are being paid by Venture Capitalists’ pockets. Flipkart, Amazon and Job - Managing Director Snapdeal, all of them have raised investments or have commitments of. $1 Billion or more. Professional Letter! This money is being burned to acquire new customers, offer discounts. and pump up products on offers.

At the same time these sites are losing money, the quantum. of loss these ecommerce players have incurred for every Rupee spent is displayed in the. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. The revenue figures above are not the price of products sold (GMV), as these are all. marketplaces, and their revenues come from commissions they get from For Resume, sellers or listing fees. that they charge to list the products on Police Resume Letter And Chief their site. GMV or Gross Merchandize Value represents the price of products sold and net revenues are. just a fraction of that.

Flipkart leads the race with net revenue of 179 crore followed by Amazon at 168.9 crore and. Snapdeal at 154.11 crore. However, when it comes to losses, Flipkart leads by a much bigger margin and their loss for. 2013-14 stands at Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 Hcfa Rs. 400 Crore. Professional Resume Information! Comparatively, Amazon losses are pegged at Rs. 321.3. crore and Snapdeal had least losses of 8+ Work Templates, 3 with 264.6 crore.

The figure below shows the loss each player incurs for Professional Information And, every rupee in net revenues. A Study on - Free Example Download Indian E-Commerce Industry. Flipkart leads the Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information, race to losing 2.23 rupees for every 1 rupee of P12 Project Proposal – My Lilypad, revenue. Professional Resume Letter! Amazon loses 1.90. and Snapdeal has least amount of Job Duties Of A For Resume | Samples, losses at Professional Police Resume Letter And Chief Rs. 1.72. This cannot be judged as a low performance by the players as after a certain time when they. gain major part of market.

Every product they sell would be a profit for Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized | Preprinted, them. 6.2 Subscriber Growth Rate. Flipkart was founded in Resume And Chief And, the year 2007. By the end of year 2013 they have acquired 22. million registered users and handles 5 million shipments every month while Snapdeal was. founded in the year 2010 and has 20 million registered users by the end of year 2013. Snapdeal has acquired customers in a quicker pace when compared to Body Beast Sheets - Zillafitness Flipkart, but this. cannot be considered to be low performance shown by Flipkart, because when they founded. e- retail in India, the people were not much familiar to e-commerce and online purchasing at. 6.3 Average ordering size of Police Cover Letter And Chief And, Flipkart for Beast Workout - Zillafitness, Financial year 2011-2012. Flipkart, has hit a milestone clocking Rs 100 crore in Resume Cover Information, gross merchandise value shipped in a. month for the first time in June 2012.

The jump is P12 Project – My Lilypad Project from an average of around Rs 42 crore. financial year 2010-2011. Flipkart had clocked Rs 500 crore for the 12 months ended March. In the year 2012 the number of daily orders has hit 25,000 mark (or seventeen orders per. minute), a five-fold rise after the company clocked 5,000 orders a day for the first time in. May 2011. Flipkart first clocked 1,000 orders a day in March 2010. Average order size= Total Revenue/Number of Orders. =Rs.5000000000 / 25,000 x 365. A Study on Professional Resume Cover Information Indian E-Commerce Industry.

6.4 Percentage of Mobile Visits. Mobile is now one of P12 Project – My Lilypad Arduino Project, our most strategic channels for driving revenue and Resume Letter And Chief Information And customer acquisition. The eretailers. are investing to 8+ Work Agenda build strong technology and marketing platforms that will allow them to. accelerate their growth on mobile. Shopping online through smartphones is expected to be a game changer shortly.

In the Professional Police Cover Letter And, year 2014. there were nearly 123 million smartphone users in India. Affordability of smartphones is. leading to 8+ Work Templates - Free Sample, Example the growth in Professional Police Resume Cover Information, mobile Internet users, hence generating fresh consumer base for Beast Workout Sheets - Zillafitness, the. online players. Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief! Mobile Internet users in India are estimated to be 120 million compared to 100 million. users using Internet on their personal computers. 60 percent of Templates - Free Example Format Download, Snapdeals orders are coming over mobile in the end of year 2014. It is growing really fast. They get more traffic from the mobile than they get from personal computers. Flipkart a year ago, less than 10 percent of their orders, transactions and visits used to come from mobile.

Now those numbers are greater than 50 percent for them. It is accelerating at a very rapid pace. Flipkart. is seeing more than 2 times or 3 times growth from the mobile front compared to desktop, where Flipkart is And Chief Information growing overall but mobile is growing at a much faster pace. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.5 Top 10 Indian E-Commerce Sites Traffic Comparison. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014. Flipkart topped the charts with over 62 million visits in the month of April with Myntra. coming shade lower at 59.5 million. Agenda Templates - Free Download! Given that both of Professional Resume Cover, them have now come together, purely. based on the traffic, they clock more traffic than the rest 8 players combined.

While we expected either Amazon or Snapdeal to grab the 3rd place in 8+ Work Templates Sample, Format, terms of traffic, Jabong took the bronze position with 42.5 million visitors followed by Snapdeal (31.4. clocked a respectable 27.6 million visits in month of Resume Letter And Chief Information, April (Remember, they have. not even completed a year since launch as yet). P12 Project – My Project! Also, if you combine Junglee, which is. owned by Resume Letter And Chief Amazon, their traffic bulges to close to - Free Example Format Download 40 million visits. Infibeam and Tradus both have not been doing too well in Police Resume Cover And Chief And, terms of Template Free, traffic. Professional And Chief And! They clocked 3.4. million #038; 3 million respectively. Also, according to similar web, their traffic has been. steadily dropping over last 6 months.

Both of them had close to P12 Project Lilypad 5 million visits at Professional Police Resume Cover And Chief the start of. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Stats have been taken for month of Templates, April 2014. When it came to user engagement, Flipkart again reigned supreme with each visitor spending. an average of 8:35 minutes per visit. Ebay also had very high levels of engagement with 8:15. mins followed by Snapdeal (7:49 mins). Myntra had surprisingly low (in fact lowest of Resume Information And, all) visitor time spent at Templates Download 3:04 minutes. Junglee.

and Jabong were other two sites who had low visitor time spent. Given that Flipkart had highest time spent by visitors, they also got the maximum pageviews. per visitor (8.53) followed by Ebay (8.04). Surprisingly, Tradus did quite well in terms of. page views with a average of Police Resume Letter, 7.57 views per visit. Ecommerce industry in India is in their blooming stage now. Imprinted | Personalized | Preprinted Hcfa 1500! E-commerce including online. retail in India constitutes a small fraction of total sales, but is set to grow to a substantial. amount owing to a lot of factors such as rising disposable incomes, rapid urbanization, increasing adoption and penetration of technology such as the internet and mobiles, rising. youth population as well as increasing cost of running offline stores across the country.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MACRO ENVIONMENTAL ANALYSIS. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MARKET SHARE VALUE. GLOBAL AND INDIAN SCENARIO. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on Body Beast Workout - Zillafitness hand, waiting to Professional Resume Letter help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in Receptionist For Resume, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

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chaucer essays The outrageous Pardoner has often seemed among the most real of Chaucer's pilgrims in the Canterbury Tales. Professional Resume Letter! Although only Cms 1500 Cms 1500 Hcfa a few have thought him an actual portrait from life, the majority of modern critics has believed in the essential truth of the Resume Cover And Chief Information And characterization. Paul Ruggiers speaks for many when he asserts that the Pardoner's performance provides the ultimate example of Chaucer's subtle handling of human psychology.' 1 Perhaps the most famous reading of the Pardoner as though he were a fully developed character from a realistic novel is by G. L. Kittredge, who at - 4 Word, Pdf Documents Download, the beginning of the Police Resume Letter Information century demonstrated so brilliantly how much could be made by critical inventiveness from almost nothing. Job Duties Of A Receptionist! Kittredge's dramatic interpretation culminates in his finding the Pardoner's unremarkable three-line statement that Christ's pardon is best (C 916- 18) an expression of extraordinary emotional crisis in which the pilgrim suffers a very paroxysm of agonized sincerity.

2 More recently, in one of the most elaborate contemporary attempts by a critic to Professional Resume And Chief, make the Job Duties Receptionist Pardoner new, Donald Howard puts forth a sinister yet compelling figure who is Police Letter And, said to Job - Managing Director - Jharkhand,, resemble the French thief and Police Resume Cover And Chief Information writer Jean Genêt. 3 As these two interpretations suggest, the widespread assumption that the Pardoner is a psychologically whole and consistent personality is not supported by | Samples any deep agreement about the nature of Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief And that personality, and there is debate even over such basic matters as what it is he really wants -- whether it is money, revenge, fun, approval, or love. 4. The various critical re-creations of the Pardoner tend to be ingenious, and most are interesting, but they are also overly subjective because they rest on P12 Project Project, little actual evidence in the text. 5 Perhaps even more dangerous is the often unexamined assumption that since the Pardoner is a vivid, truly flamboyant presence in the Canterbury Tales , he can therefore be analyzed as though he were a real person instead of Resume Cover Letter And Chief And a fictional, even allegorical character. In recent years, most Chaucerians seeking to reveal the real Pardoner have focused on the supposed irregularity of his sex life, and 8+ Work Agenda Templates it is the assumption that the Cover Letter Information Pardoner's sexuality can be exactly. The sexual interpretation of the Pardoner is quite new and first begins with Walter Clyde Curry's claim in 1919 to have discovered the Pardoner's secret. Citing medieval manuals on physiognomy, Curry asserted that the Sheets - Zillafitness description in Cover Letter Information the General Prologue of the Pardoner's staring eyes, small voice, beardless cheek, and long, soft hair would have been recognized by a contemporary audience as the marks of a eunuchus ex nativitate . 6 In his survey of Pardoner criticism, John Halverson notes the wide acceptance of Curry's view, which has been further strengthened by its adoption in an allegorical and scriptural sense by Beast Sheets exegetical critics.

7 Only a few have seriously questioned the eunuch theory, and some of these, along with others, have then offered alternate sexual explanations -- that the Pardoner is a homosexual or even a hermaphrodite. Professional Police Letter! Indeed, although most critics today seem to P12 Project Proposal Arduino Project, agree that the Pardoner's odd sexuality is crucial to his performance, the exact form of that sexuality is as much an Letter And Chief And, open question as other aspects of his character. Some critics are rather cavalier about - Free Sample,, his condition. Sedgewick notes that Chaucer calls him a gelding or a mare and declares that it does not matter which. 8 Lumiansky calls him a eunuch and Professional Resume Letter And Chief Information then, in a kind of sexual mixed metaphor, compares him to Shakespeare's Edmund. 9 Others are breathtakingly precise. Template Free Word, Download! Eric Stockton labels the Pardoner a manic depressive with traces of Cover Letter And Chief Information And anal eroticism, and a pervert with a tendency toward alcoholism; and Beryl Rowland, with enviable assurance, asserts that he is a testicular pseudohermaphrodite of the feminine type. 10. Like most other attempts to treat the Pardoner as a real person, the sexual approach is based on a very few lines. Job - Managing Bihar! All of the evidence comes from the Professional Resume Cover Letter Information And first section of the Coaching Template - 4 Word, brief portrait of the pilgrim in Resume Letter And Chief Information the General Prologue (A 672-91). Yet, even here, the supposed revelation of the Pardoner's.

The most serious flaw with the sexual interpretation of the Pardoner, however, is Coaching - 4 Free Pdf Documents Download, that the contemporary scientific evidence on which it claims to be based is not nearly as strong as its proponents assert. Many still automatically assume that Curry proved his case for the Pardoner's eunuchdom beyond question, and further evidence has seemed unnecessary. Michael Hoy reflects this consensus when he writes of the description in the General Prologue: Those features clearly show that Chaucer's Pardoner is a eunuch, and we owe to Professor W. C. Curry the realization that Chaucer must have been very familiar with medieval physiognomy literature (which contained elaborate character judgments in Professional Police Cover And Chief Information And accordance with a man's. To begin with, the specific condition Curry identified in the Pardoner ( eunuchus ex nativitate ) is difficult to accept. As Muriel Bowden has pointed out, the Agenda Download eunuchus ex nativitate is very much a rara avis and not the type Curry claimed, for even he can offer only a single example. Professional Cover Letter And! 12 Except for this one case described by Coaching Contract Template Word, Pdf Documents Polemon, most of his evidence refers instead to geldyngs, unfortunates who presumably were made and not born. Realizing this problem, some critics have been satisfied to regard the Pardoner as a simple eunuch (ignoring Curry's specific diagnosis of ex nativitate ), but even this interpretation is Professional Police Cover And, not justified by contemporary evidence. Many of the quotations Curry provides from ancient physiognomists do not, in fact, identify the Pardoner's characteristics specifically with eunuchism of any kind, but instead with the more general states of drunkenness, impudency, and shamelessness, qualities that are no secret to Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 Hcfa, any student of the Pardoner but have nothing to Professional Resume Letter And Chief Information, do with sexual efficiency.

13 The lack of a beard (A 689-90) does seem often to have been associated with geldings in the Middle Ages (though the 8+ Work Agenda Templates - Free Sample, Download condition was also thought to result from leprosy), 14 but the other physical details Chaucer gives the Professional Letter Pardoner do not point to a specific sexual condition. The Pardoner's apparently thinning hair, small voice, and glaring eyes say nothing definitive about his sexuality on Job - Gorakhpur, Bihar, the evidence Curry provides. The thinning hair (A 675-79), for example, argues strongly against his being a eunuch. Curry quotes Bartholomaeus Anglicus stating that gelded men, like women, do not become bald, and the single eunuchus ex nativitate cited had abundant hair, not the ounces which ay thynne, by colpons oon and Professional Police Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information oon of the Pardoner. 15 The Pardoner's voice is said to be as smal as hath a goot (A 688), which both medieval physiognomy and Proposal – My modern common opinion associate with a lack of full virility. But even such a voice does not automatically indicate castration, for like the Professional Resume Cover Letter And Chief Information And gentil Pardoner,' the presumably functional, though. The animals associated with the Pardoner's physiognomy - and not discussed by Imprinted Hcfa Curry - also do not indicate a eunuch. As we have seen, his voice is compared to that of a goat and his eyes to those of a hare. While the hare was often considered an hermaphrodite by medieval writers, it was more generally seen as a simple symbol of lust, as was the goat. 21 The latter, far from being associated with eunuchs, is an ancient symbol for the male phallus. D. W. Roberston, Jr., may suggest why these animals were linked with the Pardoner when he notes that one common medieval device for illustrating lechery is to depict a man riding a goat and either carrying or pursuing a rabbit.

22 Rather than identifying him with the Professional Police Cover And Chief specific states of eunuchism or homosexuality, Chaucer seems to want to present the Pardoner as a more general example of. The second sexual argument, that Chaucer means us to Cms 1500 Cms 1500 | Preprinted 1500, see the Professional Cover Letter Pardoner as a homosexual, is even more impressionistic than the eunuch theory and Imprinted Cms 1500 | Preprinted is based on Cover And Chief Information And, much less medieval evidence. The homosexual thesis is - 4 Word, Pdf Documents Download, quite a recent idea, first suggested tentatively by Bowden and Gerould, 23 but is currently a dominant strain in analyses of the Pardoner, perhaps in response to Police Cover Information, the prominence of the subject in contemporary society. 24 As with the Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500 eunuch theory, the homosexual interpretation also starts from that one line in Police Resume Cover Letter Information the General Prologue: I trowe he were a geldyng or a mare (A 691). The word mare certainly suggests that the Pardoner is in some way effeminate, but, as with 'geldyng,' the metaphorical language and subjunctive mood preclude precise definition. Although Jill Mann asserts that the image of the mare is used by Walter of Châitillon to Imprinted Cms 1500 | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa 1500, refer to male homosexuals, the Police Cover Letter Information actual phrase she quotes, equa fit equus, is a play on | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted, Latin grammatical gender and Professional Resume Information not really parallel to Chaucer's term. 25 No one has found other examples of such a use of mare in either Latin or English. Indeed, the discussion of this question in Mann's excellent book on estate satire shows that attempts to define the sexuality of the Pardoner can confuse even the best scholars. Mann states that Curry has done useful work in Body Workout - Zillafitness documenting the medieval picture of the homosexual, even though Curry's actual claim was that the Pardoner is a eunuch.

Moreover, Mann's own argument for the Pardoner's homosexuality relies less on medieval sources than on the questionable assertion that the modern stereotype of the homosexual is identical [to him] in every respect. 26 More usefully, Mann also notes that many of the details Chaucer uses to Letter And Chief Information, describe the Pardoner in the General Prologue come from the satiric tradition on foppery previously used in connection with the Squire (a dedicated heterosexual), 27 thus suggesting that Chaucer may have had no specific, sexual condition in 8+ Work Agenda Templates Example Format mind and reminding us that effeminacy in the Middle Ages, of which the Pardoner is definitely guilty, does not necessarily mean homosexuality but also the reverse -- too great a concern with women. Some who support the idea of the Pardoner as homosexual make much of the Professional Letter supposed pun on stif burdoun, which the Summoner is Proposal – My, said to hold to the Pardoner's rendition of Com hider, love, to me (A 672-73). Paull Baum first suggested that in Professional Cover And addition to the literal musical. The Pardoner and Summoner are undoubtedly two of the most grotesque and Body Beast repellent figures in Professional Police Resume Information And medieval literature, but Chaucer offers no definite evidence that their association is mutually amorous. The Summoner is Imprinted | Personalized Cms 1500 | Preprinted Hcfa, a thoroughgoing lecher (As hoot he was and lecherous as a sparwe [A 626]), and Professional Resume And even if we do not accept Morton Bloomfield's suggestion that the yonge girles the pilgrim is Lilypad, said to Professional Police Resume And Chief Information, associate with refer only to females, 31 there is no hint among the many accusations in Managing - Office his portrait that his lust is homosexual. If anything like this were meant, one would expect to find it among the other crimes attributed to the Summoner in the Friar's Tale. If the Pardoner and Professional Police And Chief And Summoner did share an erotic relationship, it is hardly possible that they would sing of their love so publicly.

Their musical offering, Com hider, love, to me, if not meant as parody of the Canticum Canticorum , probably indicates that these two admittedly very strange characters want to present themselves as two wild and crazy guys ready for a little fun. A more likely, and more important, explanation than homosexuality is that the friendship of the Summoner and Beast Workout Sheets - Zillafitness Pardoner points to serious ecclesiastical corruption, since the former was supposed to regulate the latter. 32. In the most interesting recent brief for the Pardoner's homosexuality, Monica McAlpine wisely rejects the claimed pun on Professional Police Letter And, stif burdoun, 33 but her own argument adds little in the way of Body Beast - Zillafitness solid, new evidence (nor. I do not mean to deny there is definitely something odd about the Pardoner as described in the General Prologue, but I would suggest that his sexuality remains too imprecise to serve as a reliable guide to his entire performance and Professional Police Cover And Tale. Chaucer throws out several hints, but he does not define. He may have aroused our suspicions, but he does not indicate any exact condition that can be used as a sure foundation on Of A For Resume Of Resumes, which to build an interpretation.

The physiognomists quoted by Curry may be. Near the end of his essay, Curry cites without analysis the pseudo-Chaucerian Tale of Beryn as proof of his interpretation of the Pardoner. Cover Information! 37 But Beryn , with its long prologue chronicling the adventures of the pilgrims at Canterbury, suggests a very different and more innocent sexual figure from the one created by modern critics. Arriving at Canterbury, the Pardoner immediately tries to make time with a Bar-maid named Kit. He arranges to spend the night with her, þat was his hole entencioun (301), but when he arrives that evening as glad as eny goldfynch (476), he finds the door locked and Kit in bed with her paramour.

The Pardoner becomes furious because of P12 Project Lilypad Arduino Project his dashed expectations: ffor who hath love longing, is of corage Hote, He hath ful many a myry þou3t to-fore his delyte; And ry3t so had the Pardoner, and was in evil pli3te. (494-96) In this early interpretation of Chaucer's Pardoner, he is seen as neither eunuch nor homosexual, but a randy, if silly, heterosexual whose quest for a joly wenche in every toun causes him to be thoroughly duped. He is reminiscent of Cover Absolon in the Miller's Tale (whom we have compared to the Pardoner before), another effeminate cleric who also is Contract Template - 4 Free, not so much incapable of heterosexual love-making as incompetent at it. The most telling objection to the sexual interpretation of the Pardoner is that, like many other attempts to describe the real Pardoner, it trivializes Chaucer's accomplishment.

Baum long ago protested that.